Presentation on theme: "History GCSE 2 exams. Paper 1 45%. Knowledge. Germany 1919-45 (Y11) Origins of the Cold War (Y9 after Christmas) Vietnam War (Y10) Cuban Missile Crisis."— Presentation transcript:
History GCSE 2 exams. Paper 1 45%. Knowledge. Germany 1919-45 (Y11) Origins of the Cold War (Y9 after Christmas) Vietnam War (Y10) Cuban Missile Crisis (Y9 - After Easter)
History GCSE 2 exams. Paper 2 30%. Source Analysis. Liberal Welfare Reforms WWI Home front Suffragettes
History GCSE 1 piece of controlled assessment. 25%. (Y10) Essay, 2000 words. Knowledge and source analysis. The USA, 1919-1941.
The Slave Experience Learning Objective: To understand the key features of the Black Americans ‘slave experience’ Learning Outcome: To be able to conduct paired and individual research and present this research.
Starter Activity TASK: Watch the clip; What is happening? What do you find shocking? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nePOp kYwjY
The Slave Trade: the Trade Triangle Manufactured goods such as guns, spirits, cloth and iron Raw materials such as cotton, sugar, tobacco The journey from Africa to America was called the middle passage
Listen to the story of Olaudah Equiano – slave who found his freedom and moved to Britain. He was one of a very few.
“Their skin was a different colour from ours. Their skin, their long hair, the language they spoke, all made me think I was in a world of bad spirits who would kill me. I looked around the deck and saw many black people of every kind, chained together. I no longer doubted my fate and overcome with horror, fainted. When I came to, the black people who had brought me on board talked to me. I asked if we were to be eaten by the white men with horrible looks, red faces and long hair. Soon after they left and I was abandoned to despair.”
Capture African men, women and children were captured often by warriors from their own tribes, bribed by the goods bought by Europeans Slaves were swapped for as small as a gun and piece of cloth
What was it like on the Middle Passage? I was soon put down under the decks, and there I received such a greeting in my nostrils as I had never experienced in my life; so that, with the loathsomeness of the stench, and crying together, I became so sick and low that I was not able to eat, nor had I the least desire to taste anything. I now wished for the last friend, death, to relieve me; but soon, to my grief, two of the white men offered me eatables; and, on my refusing to eat, one of them held me fast by the hands, and laid me across, I think, the windlass, and tied my feet, while the other flogged me severely. Olaudah Equiano- slave
What was life like on board the slave ships? Carried 400 slaves Slaves stacked 50cm apart Men & women separated Temperatures - 35ºC Journey lasted 40-70 days Dysentery 11 million slaves (1450- 1807)
How were slaves prepared for auction? Washed with water Rubbed with oil Gunpowder, hot tar or rust rubbed into wounds Teeth inspected Brutal remedies, e.g. for diarrhoea Two methods of sale – auction & scramble
What sort of lives did they lead? Branded on face, chest or back 3-4 year-olds work in ‘trash gangs’ (weeding) 9-12 year-olds work in fields with adults Elderly worked as domestic servants No legal rights – forbidden to read, write, marry own property Flogging & other punishments
Working day 5:30 – go straight to field. Work until 8.00am. Latecomers whipped 8:00 – Stop work for breakfast: boiled yam & okra seasoned with salt & pepper 8:30 - Continue work 12:00 pm – Rest & lunch: salted meat or pickled fish 2:00pm – Start work again 6:00pm – Return to huts Night time – During harvest, work in mill or boilings houses through night
Punishments Rebellions – rebels nailed to ground, fire applied starting at the feet and moving upwards Running away – neck ring or iron muzzle Continued running away – removal of hand or foot Flogging – one lash for each year of slave’s life How old do you think this slave was? Average life expectancy was 26. Why do you think it was so low?
Report by a visitor to a plantation in Jamaica in the eighteenth century The punishments are: for rebellions, burning them by nailing them down on the ground with crooked sticks on every limb, and then apply fire by degrees from the feet and hands, burning them gradually up to the head, whereby their pains are great. For crimes of a lesser nature chopping off half of the foot with an axe. For running away, they out iron rings of great weight on their ankles, or pothooks about their necks, which are iron rings with two long hooks riveted to them, or a spur in the mouth. For negligence, they are usually whipped by the overseers with wooden paddles, being first tied up.
TASK You are to tell the story of the slave experience and complete a storyboard of the slave journey You should include the following: Capture Middle Passage Auctions Daily work- day in the life of a slave How slaves were treated Punishment