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The African Slave Trade and its Affect on Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "The African Slave Trade and its Affect on Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 The African Slave Trade and its Affect on Africa

2 The Beginnings ONE IMPORTANT POINT: Slavery existed in Africa BEFORE Europeans arrived It was a sign of wealth to own slaves. The Europeans established ports on the coast where they could start trading with the Africans. Eventually these were used for slave trading.

3 Why did Europeans need slaves? To Work on the plantations of the New World Where were the majority of African slaves sent? West Indies – 42% Brazil – 38% Between 1450 and 1850 about 12 million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic About 10 to 11 million made it alive! WHO was most likely captured for slavery?

4 The Triangle of Trade 1500’s – 1870’s Europe Africa New World Middle Passage Outward Passage Return Passage Which types of goods traveled on each leg of the triangle of trade? ? Finished products: Cloth, Beads, Liquor and Guns ? SLAVES ? Raw Materials: Sugar, Cotton, Tobacco, 400 years of the slave trade. What affect do you think this had on African society? Explain your reasoning.

5 An estimate for a cargo to purchase 250 Negroes at Bonny 80 rolls of blue chintz cloth 100 rolls of cotton cloth with fine small stripes (small) 100 rolls of cotton cloth with fine small stripes (large) 100 cotton rolls with red and blue mixed stripes 30 cloths blue and white checked 300 muskets bright barrels 300 muskets black barrels 40 pair common large pistols 2 tons lead in small bars 14 tons iron 1000 copper rods 80 cases bottles of brandy 5 cases pipe beads This is part of a record of a cargo list for a ship going to Africa from Bristol England in the 18 th Century Source: The City of Bristol and its Links to the Transatlantic Slave Trade www. triangle/outwardpassage.htm

6 Coastal Kingdoms At first the African civs were only interested in trading goods with the Europeans. By the 1700s, the influence of Europeans and their weapons transformed African tribes into slave producers. They formed armies to capture slaves from other tribes (clans) from the interior.

7 Slavery and East Africa The Swahili trading states remained largely unaffected by European slave trade to the Americas Slaves in this region were primarily women who were destined to become members of Arabian harems.

8 “ I might say my sufferings were great, but when I compare my lot with that of most of my countrymen, I regard myself as a particular favorite of Heaven and acknowledge the mercies of Providence in every occurrence of my life.” From the Interesting Life of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavas Vassa. Written by himself, 1789. Some slaves not only gained their freedom, but became educated and became early abolitionists!

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