Presentation on theme: "The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Use the information provided and linked websites to answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper."— Presentation transcript:
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Use the information provided and linked websites to answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper.
Introduction Within Africa itself, slavery had existed for centuries. It was accepted without question as part of accumulating wealth. One became a slave by being captured in war, breaking the law or selling oneself into slavery to make money for your family.
For centuries, African societies had been involved in an overland slave trade that transported black slaves from West Africa across the Sahara to the Roman Empire and the Middle East. When the Portuguese made landfall on the West Coast of Africa in the 1440s, slaves became an item to be traded with the new European trading partners.
European expansion in the new world created a shortage of labor, or people to work. The Spanish needed miners to work the gold and silver mines in South and Central America. Then, the Spanish, Dutch, and English needed agricultural slaves to farm the sugar, rice and tobacco plantations.
Before Europeans came to Africa by sea, Africans only sold criminals and prisoners of war. Now, Africans kidnapped other Africans to sell into slavery. This began the largest forced migration in human history.
It is impossible to imagine what it would have been like to have been captured and sold into this new form of slavery. African slave traders attacked a village at night, set the huts on fire, killed any people who resisted, yoked the remainder together in neck braces of wood and leather and carried them off to the coast to be shipped to the New World.
Today, you will read about different types of people involved in the slave trade. Please take out one sheet of paper. Write your name, the date and class period in the upper right hand corner. Write the title of each slide on your paper. Follow the directions on the slide. Make sure you answer all of the questions in complete sentences.
Triangular Trade 1. What three continents were involved in the slave trade? 2. What items were shipped from Europe to Africa? 3. What items were shipped from the Americas to Europe?
Read About Africans who were also Slave Traders Go to the link below. Read the information and answer the following questions. The Collection of Slaves 1. How were slaves kidnapped in Africa? 2. How do you imagine kidnapped slaves felt? Would they be confused? Hurt? Worried? Why?
Read about those who Ran the Forts Go to the following link. Read the information and answer the questions on your sheet of paper. Africans in America/Part 1/Elmina Castle, trading outpost 1. What was the purpose of Elmina Castle? 2. How many captives made it to the coast? 3. How many slaves past through Elmina Castle? 4. What countries controlled Elmina Castle at different times? 5. How do you imagine the people who ran Elmina Castle felt about their job? Why do you feel this way? Support your opinion with information found in the article.
Read about the Ship Captains Click on the following links. Read the information and answer the questions on your sheet of paper. Africans in America/Part 1/John Newton Africans in America/Part 1/Living Africans Thrown Overboard 1. Describe the life of John Newton. 2. What song did he write? 3. Why did he write it? 4. Would insurance cover sick slaves? 5. What happened to sick slaves while at sea? 6. How do you imagine ship captains felt about throwing sick slaves overboard? Do you believe ship captains saw Africans as people or property? Why do you believe this? Support your opinion with information found in the articles.
Read about Slave Traders in America Click on the following links. Read the information and answer the following questions on your sheet of paper. Black Peoples of America - Slave Auction Africans in America/Part 1/Announcment of the sale of slaves 1. How were slaves sold in the Americas? 2. What were the two types of auctions? 3. What was a grab and go auction? 4. What disease were slave owners afraid of? 5. Why were slave owners afraid of this disease? 6. How did slave traders in America advertise an auction? 7. How do you imagine slave traders in America felt about their job? Do you believe they saw slaves as property or people? Support your opinion with information found in the article.
Create a Dialogue Now that you have read about people involved in the slave trade, create a conversation between two people in different roles. Have each side explain how they felt and why. See the next slide for the rubric to see how you will be graded. You must clearly stated who is talking, what event they are discussing, how they feel about the event and why they feel that way.
Rubric Role s Stat ed Clea rly Und erst ood Uncl ear Even t Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear Loca tion Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear Othe rs invol ved Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear Emo tions Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear Reas ons for emo tions Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear GRA ND TOT AL Hop es Stat ed clear ly Und erst ood Uncl ear Tota l Poin ts 3 Poin ts 2 Poin ts 1 Poin t / 21 ___________________________________________ Researched Role Category Stated ClearlyUnderstoodUnclear 321 Roles Event Location Emotions Reason for Emotions Hopes Total Points/18