Presentation on theme: "Born 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland,1820 Dorchester County, Maryland died March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New YorkMarch 101913 Auburn, New York “Moses”"— Presentation transcript:
born 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland,1820 Dorchester County, Maryland died March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New YorkMarch 101913 Auburn, New York “Moses”
Harriet traveled around 130 miles on foot to freedom.
Harriet Tubman Vocabulary Words abolitionist - a person who did not believe in slavery and who worked to free slaves anti-slavery- against slavery auction- a place where slaves were sold Big Dipper- a group of seven stars that form a bowl with a handle Civil War- a war fought from 1861-1865 between the northern and southern states that brought about the abolition of slavery conductor- a person who provided shelter for runaways and directed them where to go next
Drinking Gourd- code name the slaves used for the Big Dipper emancipation- to free from slavery fugitive slave- a runaway slave master- the owner of a plantation was called this by his slaves North Star- the brightest star in the northern sky overseer- a person who directed the work of field slaves on a plantation patrollers- men on horseback who guarded roads against escaping slaves
plantation- a large farm on which crops are grown Quakers- a religious group, many felt it was their duty to help slaves escape to freedom quilt- a blanket made from pieces of fabric sewn together, it was sometimes used as a signal that a station was safe runaway- an escaped slave trying to make his or her way to freedom safe house- a place where runaway slaves could find food and shelter slave- a person owned as the property of another person
slave catcher- a person who earned his living by tracking escaped slaves, capturing them and returning them to their owners for reward money spirituals- religious songs sung by slaves to lift their spirits and relay information station- another name for a safe house Underground Railroad- a secret network of people who helped runaway slaves escape to freedom
UNDERGROUND RAILROAD CODE WORDS Abolitionist - a person who demanded immediate emancipation of slaves Agent - coordinator, one who plotted the course of escape and made contacts Drinking Gourd - Big Dipper and the North Star Freedom Train or Gospel Train - code name for the Underground Railroad Heaven or Promised Land - Canada Preachers - leaders/speakers of the Underground Railroad
Shepherds - people who escorted the slaves Station - place of safety and temporary refuge, a safe house Station Master - the keeper of a safe house Stockholder - donor of money, clothing, or food to the Underground Railroad
UNDERGROUND RAILROAD CODE PHRASES "The wind blows from the south today" - the warning of slave bounty hunters nearby "A friend with friends" - A password used to signal the arrival of fugitives with an Underground Railroad conductor "The friend of a friend sent me" - A password used by fugitives traveling alone to indicate they were sent by the Underground Railroad network Load of potatoes, parcel, or bundles of wood - fugitives to be expected
Code Words Baggage: Fugitive slaves carried by the Underground Railroad worker Forwarding: Taking escaping slaves from one Heaven: Canada. It was called Heaven because when they got there, they would escape all slavery, and it would be like Heaven to them. Moses: Harriet Tubman. She was Moses because, like Moses, she helped her people escape slavery on the Underground Railroad http://www.negrospirituals.com/news-song/index.htm
AIN’T GOT TIME TO DIESpiritual by Hall Johnson Lord, I keep so busy praisin’ my Jesus Keep so busy praisin’ my Jesus Keep so busy praisin’ my Jesus Ain’t got time to die ‘Cause when I’m healin’ de sick When I’m healin’ de sick When I’m healin’ de sick ‘Cause it takes all o’ ma time All o’ ma time To praise my Lord If I don’t praise Him de rocks gonter cry out Glory an’ honor
Lord, I keep so busy workin’ fer de Kingdom Keep so busy workin’ fer de Kingdom… Ain’t got time to die ‘Cause when I’m feedin de po’… I’m workin’ fer de Kingdom… Ain’t got time to die Lord, I keep so busy servin’ my Master Keep so busy servin’ my Master Ain’t got time to die ‘Cause when I’m givin’ my all… I’m servin’ my Master… Ain’t got time to die
GO DOWN MOSES When Israel was in Egypt’s land Let my people go Oppressed so hard they could not stand Let my people go Go down Moses Way down in Egypt land Tell old Pharaoh “Let my people go”“Thus spoke the Lord” bold Moses said Let my people go “If not I’ll smite your first born dead Let my people goNo more in bondage shall they toil Let my people go Let them come out with Egypt’s spoil” Let my people go
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