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The Divisive Politics of Slavery Chapter 10 Section 1.

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1 The Divisive Politics of Slavery Chapter 10 Section 1

2 Differences Between the North and the South North: Thousands of Immigrants have entered the North. Oppose slavery because it means less work for immigrants and made immigrants look bad by doing a “slave’s job” Purely Industrial Fast “Modern” pace with growth of Railroads and moving west.

3 Differences Cont. South: Hasn’t changed since the beginning of America. Still the same slow, agricultural south No immigrants because they are not treated well and don’t want to do work a slave does South relies completely on their slaves

4 Wilmot Proviso Amendment proposed by Pennsylvanian Democrat David Wilmot What it said: “Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall every exist in any territory the United States might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico. The Controversy: The southern states took this as the north trying to tip congress in their favor by getting rid of a possible slave state. The northern states were angry at the south for refusing to allow roads and canals built and were afraid of a slave-state dominating congress

5 A Threat of Secession California enters U.S as a free state by own choice Causes distrust in Congress North wants Abolition of slavery in District of Columbia North also wants Popular Sovereignty (the right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery) for new territories South wants Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 to be followed Secession: The formal withdrawal of a state from the Union.

6 Clay’s Compromise of 1850 What the South Wants What the North Wants Slavery The North to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act California as a slave state Abolition of slavery in the district of Columbia California be allowed to enter as a free state Utah and New Mexico be allowed to decide for themselves about slavery The Compromise California admitted as a free state Utah and New Mexico allowed to decide for themselves Texas is paid $10 million by Fed. Govt. Sale of slaves banned in District of Columbia but slavery is allowed Fugitive slave act modified so free states must help capture runaways

7 Results of Proposal Senate rejected proposal Clay gives up Stephen A. Douglas (Illinois) takes over Proposes all parts of the Compromise one at a time instead of all at once. President Taylor Dies unexpectedly Millard Fillmore takes his place. President Fillmore supports compromise and it is finally passed through negations with the south


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