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The Divisive Politics of Slavery

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1 The Divisive Politics of Slavery
Chapter 10 Section 1

2 Differences Between the North and the South
Thousands of Immigrants have entered the North. Oppose slavery because it means less work for immigrants and made immigrants look bad by doing a “slave’s job” Purely Industrial Fast “Modern” pace with growth of Railroads and moving west.

3 Differences Cont. South:
Hasn’t changed since the beginning of America. Still the same slow, agricultural south No immigrants because they are not treated well and don’t want to do work a slave does South relies completely on their slaves

4 Wilmot Proviso The Controversy:
The southern states took this as the north trying to tip congress in their favor by getting rid of a possible slave state. The northern states were angry at the south for refusing to allow roads and canals built and were afraid of a slave-state dominating congress Amendment proposed by Pennsylvanian Democrat David Wilmot What it said: “Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall every exist in any territory the United States might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico.

5 A Threat of Secession California enters U.S as a free state by own choice Causes distrust in Congress North wants Abolition of slavery in District of Columbia North also wants Popular Sovereignty (the right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery) for new territories South wants Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 to be followed Secession: The formal withdrawal of a state from the Union.

6 Clay’s Compromise of 1850 California as a slave state
What the North Wants The Compromise What the South Wants California be allowed to enter as a free state California admitted as a free state California as a slave state Utah and New Mexico allowed to decide for themselves Utah and New Mexico be allowed to decide for themselves about slavery Texas is paid $10 million by Fed. Govt. The North to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act Sale of slaves banned in District of Columbia but slavery is allowed Fugitive slave act modified so free states must help capture runaways Abolition of slavery in the district of Columbia Slavery

7 Results of Proposal Senate rejected proposal Clay gives up
Stephen A. Douglas (Illinois) takes over Proposes all parts of the Compromise one at a time instead of all at once. President Taylor Dies unexpectedly Millard Fillmore takes his place. President Fillmore supports compromise and it is finally passed through negations with the south

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