Presentation on theme: "The Divisive Politics of Slavery"— Presentation transcript:
1The Divisive Politics of Slavery Chapter 10Section 1
2Differences Between the North and the South Thousands of Immigrants have entered the North.Oppose slavery because it means less work for immigrants and made immigrants look bad by doing a “slave’s job”Purely IndustrialFast “Modern” pace with growth of Railroads and moving west.
3Differences Cont. South: Hasn’t changed since the beginning of America.Still the same slow, agricultural southNo immigrants because they are not treated well and don’t want to do work a slave doesSouth relies completely on their slaves
4Wilmot Proviso The Controversy: The southern states took this as the north trying to tip congress in their favor by getting rid of a possible slave state.The northern states were angry at the south for refusing to allow roads and canals built and were afraid of a slave-state dominating congressAmendment proposed by Pennsylvanian Democrat David WilmotWhat it said:“Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall every exist in any territory the United States might acquire as a result of the war with Mexico.
5A Threat of SecessionCalifornia enters U.S as a free state by own choiceCauses distrust in CongressNorth wants Abolition of slavery in District of ColumbiaNorth also wants Popular Sovereignty (the right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery) for new territoriesSouth wants Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 to be followedSecession: The formal withdrawal of a state from the Union.
6Clay’s Compromise of 1850 California as a slave state What the NorthWantsTheCompromiseWhat the SouthWantsCalifornia be allowed to enter as a free stateCalifornia admitted as a free stateCalifornia as a slave stateUtah and New Mexico allowed to decide for themselvesUtah and New Mexico be allowed to decide for themselves about slaveryTexas is paid $10 million by Fed. Govt.The North to enforce the Fugitive Slave ActSale of slaves banned in District of Columbia but slavery is allowedFugitive slave act modified so free states must help capture runawaysAbolition of slavery in the district of ColumbiaSlavery
7Results of Proposal Senate rejected proposal Clay gives up Stephen A. Douglas (Illinois) takes overProposes all parts of the Compromise one at a time instead of all at once.President Taylor Dies unexpectedlyMillard Fillmore takes his place.President Fillmore supports compromise and it is finally passed through negations with the south