Presentation on theme: "Jump Start List three differences between the North and the South. Think of Social, Political & Economical differences. What was the biggest ideological."— Presentation transcript:
1Jump StartList three differences between the North and the South. Think of Social, Political & Economical differences.What was the biggest ideological difference between the two regions of the US?Name two specifics they disagreed about, politically and why that disagreement existed.How did immigration further separate the two regions?
2The Slavery Debate Divides the Nation Sectionalism vs. Nationalism…Again
3Slavery – Should It Spread? Wilmot Proviso sets the stage:Slavery forbidden in territories won in Mexican War.North Position - Against South Position - ForSupport building Canals/Roads Slaves property – Could travelvs. farmsSlaves - Competition for jobs Potential loss of other libertyBoth Feared- Upset the balance of votes in Senate –
4California Statehood Debate Launches the nation into another round of mistrustWilmot Provision still not passed – so no slavery yet in new territories of New Mexico & California.California’s Constitution prohibits slavery –Requests admission as a Free State.South feels betrayed – Missouri Compromise should have covered this – slavery below 36°30’
5Secession Becomes a Reality 31st Congress, December 1849Several issues divide the members- California’s statehood- Texas claims eastern New Mexico- North Demands abolition in Washington DC- South threatens secession more often- No enforcement of Fugitive Slave Act
6Fugitive Slave ActAny federal marshal who did not arrest an alleged runaway slave could be fined $1,000.Runaway slave suspects could be arrested without warrant and turned over to a ‘claimant’ on nothing more than his sworn testimony of ownership. No right to trial.Persons aiding a runaway slave was liable to six months' imprisonment and a $1,000 fine.Finders Fees to officers who ‘found’ escaped slaves
7Clay’s Compromise of 1850 California is admitted as a free state Utah & New Mexico decide slavery for themselvesConcept of Popular Sovereignty emergesTexas border with Mexico settled – slavery limited to current borders of Texas.Fugitive Slave Law strengthenedNOT PASSED IN CONGRESS
8‘Compromise’ Torch is Passed Clay dies, frustrated ; Calhoun dies and South’s biggest opponent of compromise is gone.Pres. Zachary Taylor Dies and Millard Fillmore becomes President – supports compromise.Senator Stephen ‘Little Giant’ Douglas – Illinois 5’ 4”tall takes up the Compromise battle in Congress.
9Compromise is Short Lived… Everyone thinks compromise ends the crisisNow the battle is over enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law.Underground Railroad is born & North resists returning the slaves.
10HomeworkWrite a four paragraph (1 page – 12 Pt. Times New Roman type) essay on why relations between the north and south were deteriorating from Focus on the following topics and use class notes and textbook to find information.Expanding the nation’s borders and admitting states to the union.Northern vs. Southern views of slaveryDue Friday 1/6/11.