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Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Bellwork-Hide in the photograph: Describe what you can see, smell, feel, and touch, and hear from your hiding.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Bellwork-Hide in the photograph: Describe what you can see, smell, feel, and touch, and hear from your hiding."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Bellwork-Hide in the photograph: Describe what you can see, smell, feel, and touch, and hear from your hiding place. EQ: What was Triangular Trade and the Middle Passage?Middle Passage TSWABT understand Triangular Trade HW: Brochure

2 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies The students will be able to summarize triangular trade and slavery describing it's effect on the American colonies as well as resistance to slavery with 80% accuracy Where does this fit into your unit learning goal scale? Yes, Goal I How do you reach mastery? Update TOC: Triangular Trade Cornell pg.. Objectives

3 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies 1. Vocabulary to Know: triangular trade – a three-way trade between the New World, Europe and Africa racism – the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another slave codes – strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves to keep slaves from revolting. Middle Passage- brutal voyage between Africa and the new world aboard a slave ship

4 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies 2. How did slavery start in the colonies? Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese settlers were the first to bring enslaved Africans to the Americas. Slavery spread to the colonies, where it became a regular part of trade and provided cheap labor to Southern plantations. Southern economy was dependent on slave labor

5 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies The British, Dutch, and French entered the slave trade. In time, English colonists— were shipping enslaved Africans across the Atlantic.

6 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Slave traders set up posts along the African coast. Africans who lived on the coast made raids into the interior, seeking captives to sell to the Europeans. What was the slave trade?

7 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Once they arrived at the coasts, captives were traded for guns and other goods. Then they were sent across the Atlantic Ocean on a brutal voyage known as the Middle Passage. What was the middle passage? Half of the captives died on forced marches to the coast, some of which were as long as 300 miles.

8 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies To increase their profits, some slave-ship captains crammed the maximum number of captives on board. 15 to 20 percent of enslaved Africans died or committed suicide during the Middle Passage.

9 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Bellwork: Describe what this photo means to you. What emotions are present when you look at it? EQ: What was the Middle Passage TSWBAT evaluate the experience of AA HW: Brochure due TOMORROW (MUST BE TURNED IN WITH RUBRIC AND RESEARCH ORGANIZER) #343

10 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies

11 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies What happened in America? In the Americas, healthy enslaved Africans were auctioned off, and families often were separated. About 500,000 enslaved Africans ended up in British North America.

12 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies What was Triangular Trade? By about 1700, slave traders in the British colonies had developed a regular routine, known as the triangular trade.

13 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies

14 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Triangular Trade First LegSugar, tobacco, and cotton to Europe Second Leg Textiles, rum, and manufactured good to Europe Third Leg Slaves to the Americans (Middle Passage)

15 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies How did slavery grow? The first enslaved Africans in the colonies may have been treated as servants, and some eventually were freed. But as the need for cheap labor grew, colonies made slavery permanent. Some colonies tried to ban slavery, but it eventually became legal in all the colonies.

16 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Why did slavery take root in the colonies? The plantation system led the southern economy to depend on slavery. Planters preferred slaves because while indentured servants were freed after their terms were over, slaves were slaves for life.

17 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies Not every African in America was a slave, but slavery came to be restricted to people of African descent, and slavery was thus linked to racism. Most English colonists thought they were superior to Africans.

18 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies There were so many slaves in the colonies that whites began to worry about slave revolts. The first serious slave revolt took place in 1663 in Gloucester, Virginia, and others soon followed. Colonists Enslaved Africans

19 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies What were slave codes? Colonial authorities wrote slave codes that said enslaved people could not: meet in large numbers or own weapons. leave a plantation without permission. learn to read and write. Slave codes were written in fear of slave uprisings

20 Chapter 4 Section 3 Slavery in the Colonies TICKET-OUT REFLECTIO SUMMARY: EVALUATE AND DESCRIBE THE EXPERIENCE OF THE MIDDLE PASSAGE Complete your progress chart for h AND I!


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