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Plantations and Slavery Spread. I. The Cotton Boom.

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Presentation on theme: "Plantations and Slavery Spread. I. The Cotton Boom."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plantations and Slavery Spread

2 I. The Cotton Boom

3 Eli Whitney Cotton was becoming too unprofitable One slave could only clean one pound of cotton a day He invented a cotton gin (engine) Now one slave could clean 50 pounds a day

4 The Cotton Gin

5 How the Cotton Gin Works

6 Effects of the Cotton Gin More people began to move west People began to grow more cotton than other goods because it was valuable More Native Americans were pushed off their land Slavery increased

7 II. Slavery Expands

8 With the increase in cotton production came an increase in slavery

9 III. Slavery Divides the South

10 Cotton Production in the South

11 White Population of the South Plantation Owners Called Planters – Very Rich Less than 10 % of population Had 20 or More slaves Small Farmers Called Yeoman- Plain folk Worked along side slaves 75% of population Poor Whites Did not own land 15% of White Population

12 African Americans In the South Free Could not vote Either born free or Freed by their master Could not travel Feared being kidnapped and Sold into slavery Slaves 1/3 of total Southern population Most worked as Field hands

13 Compare/Contrast Slaves/Owners

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17 IV. Finding Strength in Religion

18 Slave Religion Some slaveholders used religion to make slaves accept their treatment Slaves were inspired by the stories of Moses and folk tales Slaves expressed their religion through religious folk songs called spirituals

19 V. Slave Rebellions

20 Nat Turner’s Rebellion Led the most famous of rebellions 8/21/31 Turner and 70 followers killed 55 Most of Turner’s men were captured or killed when they ran out of ammo Turner was caught and hanged

21 Effects of Turner’s Rebellion 200 African Americans were killed in revenge Laws were passed to keep slaves and free African Americans from buying guns or alcohol Slaves could not hold religious services w/out a white person Anti-slavery publications were banned


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