7Slavery in AfricaThe Spanish were the first European partners in the slave tradeRemember, slavery was not invented at this time; this is just the first time that Europeans are trading with Africa for their slaves
9To the Ships Most Africans were taken from inland villages Waiting Forced to march to coastal portsBound to each other with ropes and chainsMany died along the wayWaitingThose who survived were restrained in holding pens and warehouses
10The Middle PassageThe Middle Passage is the name of the journey by ship to Europe and the Americas (North, South and Central)
11The horrors of the Middle Passage The middle passage was brutal, cruel, and beyond what most of us could ever imagine enduring.The descriptions in the following video are graphic in nature.
13Perils while on the Middle Passage The ships, and the slaves aboard, faced many other hardshipsStormsRaids by pirate shipsMutinies (revolts by the captive Africans)Disease & DeathDysenterySmall poxNo apparent disease at all often killed the captivesSuicide
14Impact Wealth to merchants and traders (from all countries) Provided labor that helped colonial economies growAfrican states and societies torn apartLives of individuals cut short or forever brutalizedHistorian estimate:Enslaved Africans sent in the 1500s: 2,000/yearEnslaved Africans sent in the 1780s (the peak of the trade): 80,000/year11 million enslaved Africans had reached the Americas by the end of the trade in the mid-1800’s2 million probably died along the Middle PassageUnknown how many died before they even reached the ships
15Assignment: Occasion/Position Thesis Statement Write a thesis statement in the following format:Assume that for this assignment, the African slave trade was the most influential event of the age of exploration. Say why in your statement.Then, list at least 3 facts as evidence.The Occasion:Is the first part of the thesis statementIntroduces your reason for writingCan be any event, problem, idea, solutionThe Position:Is the second part of the thesis statementStates what you plan to prove or explain in your paragraphExample:Because Christopher Columbus loved the sea,he spent his life aboard a ship looking for a Western passage to Asia.Use these as “starter words” for your statement:After because in order that when While WhetherAlthough before in order to whenever unless thoughAs even since Where if even thoughAs if even if so that Wherever as soon as as long as