Presentation on theme: "The Struggle Against Discrimination. Social Reform or Social Control Settlement houses aid in Americanization of immigrants Provide help, but also."— Presentation transcript:
Social Reform or Social Control Settlement houses aid in Americanization of immigrants Provide help, but also change how they lived Why? – create more loyal/moral citizens Alcohol Use – (Customary in European cultures) Reformers – alcohol use = moral faults Behind Temperance Movement→ prejudice
Racism Limits Goals of Progressivism Progressives – shared prejudices of other white Ams Believed in “so-called” scientific theories – others less intelligent Plessy v. Ferguson – separate but equal Segregation laws passed in N + S 1914 – Fed. Offices in DC segregated
African Americans Form the Niagara Movement Meeting of AA thinkers (W.E.B. DuBois) Opposed gradual progress/teaching trade skills Riots Lead to Formation of NAACP Springfield, IL (1908) – white mob kills 2 AAs, burn 40 homes Some white reformers join AAs NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) Goals – anti-lynching, decent housing, professional careers Strategies – use courts to challenge unfair laws
African Americans form the Urban League AAs migrate to urban areas Local black clubs/churches set up relief efforts & employment agencies Urban League – network of over 100 of these groups Focused on poor workers (jobs) Provided clothes, book, children to school
GroupForm of Discrimination Response (Actions taken) Jewish- Americans Anti-SemitismB’nai B’rith (1843) – rel. education, help families Anti-Defamation League – defend Jews against physical/verbal attacks, false statements, and ensure fair treatment Mexican- Americans Unfair labor contracts 1911 – S.C. challenge – struck down laws that enforced system PLM (Partido Liberal Mexicano) – offered similar services as Urban League Mutualistas – made loans, provided legal assistance Native Americans Dawes Act – loss of land Society of American Indians (1911) – preserve culture, fight fed. Policy Asian- Americans CA law – only citizens own land Japanese could not become citizens Put property in children’s names (automatically citizens = born here) S.C. challenge of law against citizenship – SC upheld law
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.