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The Scottish Example The interlinked approach: training for interpreter-mediated police settings & Ian McKim Isabelle Perez Christine Wilson.

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Presentation on theme: "The Scottish Example The interlinked approach: training for interpreter-mediated police settings & Ian McKim Isabelle Perez Christine Wilson."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Scottish Example The interlinked approach: training for interpreter-mediated police settings & Ian McKim Isabelle Perez Christine Wilson

2 Scotland as an example NOT an exemplar …. our journey….

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5 1. Accusations of Institutional Racism Surjit Singh Chhokar (1998) 2. Scottish Government’s “mainstreaming of equality + diversity” (1999 +) 3. Legislation MOTIVATING FACTORS

6  Disability Discrimination Act (1995)  Human Rights Act (1998)  The Immigration and Asylum Act (1999) amended by Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act > dispersal policy  Race Relations (Amendment) Act (2000): production of a Race Equality Scheme by all public sector bodies LEGISLATION

7 LEADING TO GUIDELINES  Lord Advocate’s Guidelines to Chief Constables on Investigating Racial Crime (April 2002)  Scottish Criminal Justice System: Guidelines for Interpreting (2008)

8 LEADING TO TRAINING + AWARENESS Strathclyde Police Training College  Policing a Multiracial Society Scottish Police College  Interview Advisors Course  Initial Detective (Investigators) Training

9 OUR COMMUNICATION TRIAD

10 1. MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC 1.VISITORS - tourists - foreign students - business people 2.LONG-ESTABLISHED COMMUNITIES - Bengali, Cantonese, Punjabi, Urdu.. (Polish, Italian)

11 OUR COMMUNICATION TRIAD 3. MORE RECENT “COMMUNITIES” - dispersal policy -> 150+ languages with English - following EU enlargement (esp. Polish…) 4. OTHER INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES - British Sign Language (BSL) - Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic Act 2005) – second official language => (future) demands / rights

12 OUR COMMUNICATION TRIAD TYPES OF POLICE “CUSTOMER” 1.Victim 2.Witness 3.Suspect + “vulnerable witness” “special needs” -> appropriate adult

13 OUR COMMUNICATION TRIAD 2. INTERPRETERS TRAINING - Minimum training through agency -Diploma in Public Service Interpreting (DPSI) -NVQ => BSL - Conference Interpreters (degrees / experience) => re-skilling/ CPD/ conversion... -Heriot-Watt University: specialisation -> MSc (spoken) -> Grad Dip (BSL)

14 OUR COMMUNICATION TRIAD 3. THE POLICE Scottish Police = 8 independent police forces Separate judicial system (NOT SAME as England) - police follow different procedures A reporting agency to the Procurator Fiscal Watchwords = TRUTH + FAIRNESS

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16 THE INTERLINKED APPROACH

17 Interactive lectures In-house simulations Interactive seminars 1. procedures 2. field visits 3. applied practice METHODOLOGY

18 Similar modus operandi -> training of police officers + similar mirror impact > interpreting body

19 THE ADVANTAGES -> THE INTERPRETER TRAINING CONTEXT Students BELIEVE it (not just “cosmetic”) Students overcome FEAR FACTOR Students can discuss + challenge Tutors maintain a role (+ learn) Police feed good practice back -> their profession

20 -> THE POLICE TRAINING CONTEXT not just knowledge + awareness of roles police contribution as selves + reflection THE ADVANTAGES

21 -> THE POLICY CONTEXT Links between: training / research institution + police = positive spiral (=> mutual trust e.g. checklist…/access to data) -> further links Scotland: SRIF, TICS, WGIT/COPFS…. SIPR

22 THE POLICE EXPERIENCE

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24 CONCLUSIONS: gaps + challenges In Scotland NOT just token + satisfying requirements of Directive (Art. 6) BUT risk of losing ground… WILL THE NEEDS OF JUSTICE CONTINUE TO BE SERVED?


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