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IMPERIALISM. CHAPTER 17 SECTION 3 & 4 AMERICA’S NEW ROLE After the Spanish-American War the debate intensified on whether the U.S. should build and empire.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPERIALISM. CHAPTER 17 SECTION 3 & 4 AMERICA’S NEW ROLE After the Spanish-American War the debate intensified on whether the U.S. should build and empire."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPERIALISM

2 CHAPTER 17 SECTION 3 & 4 AMERICA’S NEW ROLE After the Spanish-American War the debate intensified on whether the U.S. should build and empire as three presidents took different approaches to imperialism

3 PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES  George Washington; Federalist (1788)  John Adams; Federalist (1796)  Thomas Jefferson (1800)  James Madison (1808)  James Monroe (1816)  John Quincy Adams (1824)  Andrew Jackson; Democrat (1828)  Martin Van Buren; Democrat (1836)  William Henry Harrison; Whig (1840)  John Tyler; Whig (1841)  James K. Polk; Democrat (1844)  Zachary Taylor; Whig (1848)  Millard Fillmore; Whig (1850)  Franklin Pierce; Democrat (1852)  James Buchanan; Democrat (1856)  Abraham Lincoln; Republican (1860)  Andrew Johnson; Democrat (1865)  Ulysses S. Grant; Republican (1868)  Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican (1876)  James Garfield; Republican (1880) #21 - …  Chester A. Arthur; Republican (1881)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1884)  Benjamin Harrison; Republican (1888)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1892)  William McKinley; Republican (1896) #26 - Theodore Roosevelt; Republican (1901) #27 - William Howard Taft; Republican (1909) #28 - Woodrow Wilson; Democrat (1913)

4 OBJECTIVES  CORE OBJECTIVE: Explain the causes and effects of imperialism.  Objective 3.3: What were the goals of Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” diplomacy?  Objective 3.4: What were the main arguments raised by the anti- imperialists?  THEME: America will look to expand its borders and influence

5 CHAPTER 17 SECTION 3

6  Under imperialism, stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations.

7 Americans needed a shorter route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A French company had bought a 25-year concession from Colombia to build a canal across Panama. A concession is a grant for a piece of land in exchange for a promise to use the land for a specific purpose. Defeated by yellow fever and mismanagement, the company abandoned the project and offered its remaining rights to the United States for $100 million.

8  Negotiations with Columbia (which owned Panama) failed. They wanted to hold out until the French contract expired in  President Roosevelt helped instigate the Panamanian Revolution to overthrow the Colombian government. The revolution is successful and the US recognizes Panama as an independent nation. US negotiated Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty which gave us the land for the canal. The way the U.S. received the canal left a legacy of ill will from Latin America  The United States paid Panama $10 million for the strip of land to build the canal U.S. also paid $250, yearly rental fee.

9  quick access to Atlantic & Pacific  military protection of territories  trade & economic value would increase

10 Roosevelt at the canal in 1906 $400 million to build Began in 1904 and completed by 1914 Army engineer George Goethals organized the construction. Dr. Walter Reed found ways to deal with yellow fever

11  The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine — The United States will act as “an international police power” in the Western Hemisphere America will intervene to prevent intervention by other powers. Ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Roosevelt in Latin America — Under Roosevelt, the United States often intervened in Latin America. Roosevelt in Asia — Roosevelt wanted to preserve an open door to trade with China. He won a Nobel peace prize for negotiating a peace settlement between Russia and Japan.  Absent from Roosevelt’s geopolitical thinking was the concern for interests of less powerful nations “Speak softly and carry a big stick and you will go far.” Roosevelt used this old African proverb to guide his foreign policy.

12 carry a big stick Big Stick Policy: “Speak softly and carry a big stick”. “Roosevelt’s Corollary” Also referred to as “Roosevelt’s Corollary”

13 THE GREAT WHITE FLEET In 1907, President Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet, part of the United States Navy, on a cruise around the world This was to demonstrate U.S. naval power to other nations and that the U.S. was no pushover American citizens clearly saw the advantages of having a powerful navy. American citizens clearly saw the advantages of having a powerful navy.

14  William Howard Taft Elected President in 1908  Taft believed in maintaining influence through American investments, not military might.  This policy was called dollar diplomacy. America will give financial aid in return for loyalty.  The United States reached new heights of international power under Roosevelt and Taft.  However, the policies of both Presidents also created enemies in Latin America and a growing international resentment of U.S. intervention.

15

16 Roosevelt’s foreign policy was based on  (A)the threat of military intervention.  (B)the use of American investments.  (C)moral and legalistic standards.  (D)the fear of foreign invasion. The “dollar” in the phrase “dollar diplomacy” referred to:  (A)bribing foreign diplomats.  (B)American investments in other countries.  (C)being conservative about buying goods from other countries.  (D)spending campaign dollars to influence public opinion.

17 Roosevelt’s foreign policy was based on  (A)the threat of military intervention.  (B)the use of American investments.  (C)moral and legalistic standards.  (D)the fear of foreign invasion. The “dollar” in the phrase “dollar diplomacy” referred to:  (A)bribing foreign diplomats.  (B)American investments in other countries.  (C)being conservative about buying goods from other countries.  (D)spending campaign dollars to influence public opinion.

18 CHAPTER 17 SECTION 4

19 US goal was always expansion

20  (1) A political argument: Expansionism was a rejection of our principle of “liberty for all.”  (2) A racial argument: Imperialism was just another form of racism.  (3) An economic argument: Expansion involved too many costs.  Maintaining the armed forces required more taxation, debt, and possibly even compulsory, or required, military service.  In addition, laborers from other countries would compete for jobs with U.S. workers.

21 Which of the following was not an argument against imperialism?  (A)Foreign workers would compete for jobs against U.S. laborers.  (B)Other nations might boycott U.S. goods.  (C)Imperialism is another form of racism.  (D)Imperialism goes against the founding principles of our nation. Which of the following was not an argument for imperialism?  (A)People with non-Western cultures would enrich and strengthen the United States.  (B)Access to foreign markets would make a stronger U.S. economy.  (C)Imperialism offered a new frontier.  (D)Expansion helped to make the United States Navy stronger.

22 Which of the following was not an argument against imperialism?  (A)Foreign workers would compete for jobs against U.S. laborers.  (B)Other nations might boycott U.S. goods.  (C)Imperialism is another form of racism.  (D)Imperialism goes against the founding principles of our nation. Which of the following was not an argument for imperialism?  (A)People with non-Western cultures would enrich and strengthen the United States.  (B)Access to foreign markets would make a stronger U.S. economy.  (C)Imperialism offered a new frontier.  (D)Expansion helped to make the United States Navy stronger.


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