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Chapter 9 Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling

2 Assumptions n Career counseling must take place within a cultural context n Variables to consider in career counseling across cultures may differ in weight n Models don't adequately explain career behavior of minorities n Perspective of cultural diversity/pluralism

3 Career Counseling Goal n Have all clients make culturally appropriate career choices n NOT: make the same choices

4 Culturally responsive Counseling : n Effective career counseling incorporates the impact of family, gender and culture n Allows clients to explore what role they want work to play in their lives, balance between work and family, messages to accept or discard n Incorporates multiple cultures

5 Environmental Influences n Parental/Familial influences n Political system n Racism/Sexism n Acculturation n Cultural values

6 Cultural Variables n Worldview n Racial/Ethnic Identity Development n Acculturation n Aspirations/expectations

7 Worldview n Frame of reference through which one experiences life n African worldview: focus on group, its survival, and on harmony with nature (Nobles, 1976) n European worldview: focus on individual, survival of the fittest, control of nature

8 Racial/Ethnic Identity Development n stage model : progresses through pro-White, anti-minority to pro- minority-anti-White, to appreciative of all groups with recognition of diversity n typology models: grouping individuals based on resolution of racial issues

9 Locus of Control/Responsibility n European perspective: internal locus of control and responsibility n African perspective: internal locus of responsibility and external locus of control

10 Career Intervention Models zLeong and Hartung zLeung zFouad and Bingham

11 Leong and Hartung (1997) zRecognition of vocational problems zHelp seeking and use of career services zEvaluation of career problems zImplement career interventions zOutcome of intervention

12 Leung (1995) zFocuses on career interventions zSystemic level zGroup level zOne-to-one level zIncorporates educational outcomes

13 Establish rapport/ Culturally appropriate relationship Identification of career issues: -cognitive -social emotional -environmental -behavioral -external barriers Assess impact of cultural variables on career issues Setting culturally appropriate counseling process and counseling goals Culturally appropriate intervention: -cognitive -social emotional -environmental -behavioral -external barriers Decision-making: career choice role integration adjustment information seeking Implementation of career plans and follow up Re-clarify issues Preparation for counseling: Culturally Competent Counselor and Client with concerns. Enter counseling Exit counseling in Fouad, N.A. & Bingham, R. ( in press) Career counseling with racial/ethnic minorities In W.B. Walsh & S.H. Osipow (Eds). Handbook of Vocational Psychology, 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Fouad and Bingham-CACCM

14 Preparation for Counseling : n Cultural sensitivity: openness and enjoyment of clients' cultural experiences n knowledgeable about cultural groups n knowledge of cultural strengths n openness to clients as cultural teachers

15 Preparation (cont.) n Knowledge of own worldview n Knowledge of own racial identity n become comfortable with clients of diverse backgrounds

16 Step 1- Establish Relationship n Listen to and observe client's comments n Respond to client's main words and construct (using basic attending skills) n Check out statements with client n Set context for working consensus

17 Step 2: Identification of Career Issues n Cognitive Issues n Social/Emotional Issues n Behavioral Issues n External Issues--working conditions n External Barriers: Discrimination, Oppression, racism/sexism

18 Step 3: Assess Impact of Cultural Variables n How do cultural variables influence career decisions?

19 Step 4: Setting appropriate goals Appropriate Process- Appropriate Goals

20 Step 5: Appropriate Interventions n Group interventions n involve the family n role models n native language usage n ethnicity/gender similarity n community resources n appropriate assessment

21 Step 6: Decision- making n Career Choices n Adjustment n Clarification

22 Step 7: Implementation and Follow-up n Support mechanisms n Follow-up

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