2 What do you know about the 1920’s? No talking, just think in your head and create a list…Ready?Write down anything you kinda sorta think maybe might have happened in the 20’s
3 Immediate Post-War Issues The Great War is over, what now?Americans are disillusioned with foreign affairs…What do they do?Why, they return to isolationism, of course!!!!
4 Immediate Post-War Issues Economically…soldiers come back and need jobs,no more need for war supplies,factories closefarmers don’t have armies in Europe to feedWhat happens when there are no jobs and no one to sell things to?Recession (economic downturn)
5 Immediate Post-War Issues Politically…Time for a new PresidentRepublican Warren Harding is elected in 1920Read the bottom of p. 174List the ways that President Harding justifies returning to isolationism.
6 Red Scare In 1917 the Russian Czar was overthrown Who’s seen “Anastasia”?Later that year, Communists seized powerWhat does a good Communist do?Seek more power!They threatened to spread their revolutionIt started in the US in 1919And what did our fine citizens do?People freaked… “Red Scare” created a panicSorry to ruin the story, but she actually died with the rest of the family
7 Red Scare In January 1919 Italian anarchist sets off bomb Where you ask?Outside US Attorney General Mitchell Palmer’s houseThis was one of several in 8 American citiesAll attacks on judges, politicians, law enforcementWhatever should be done?Hmm… Lets think, what happened after 9/11?We changed laws and started gathering up “terrorists”
8 Red ScarePalmer RaidsPalmer was convinced there was a plot to overthrow the US gov’tIn 1920 he ordered round-up of 4,000 suspectsIn several citiesWITHOUT warrantsDirected by J.Edgar Hoover, his assistantMost released later, but 600 deported
9 Red Scare Sacco and Vanzetti Case Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti – Italian immigrantsConvicted of murder during a robberyRobbery supposedly to get funds for anarchist revolutionWorld demanded their releaseDid we release them?Of course not! We can’t look weak!With insufficient evidence, they were convicted and executedModern science says Sacco was probably guilty, but not Vanzetti
10 Red Scare Sacco and Vanzetti Case Your turn to think… It shouldn’t hurt too bad…Oh, but you do have to write…Given the situation of fear and panic, do you think Sacco and Vanzetti got a fair trial?Why or why not?
11 Rise of Nativism and Racism Oh My.mp4 Red Scare, bombings, and trials, Oh My…I am afraid, who should I blame?Foreigners!Nativists (think they’re native and don’t like foreigners)Believed White Protestant Americans were superiorEventually leads to immigration restrictions
12 Rise of Nativism and Racism Ku Klux Klan (KKK)Had been dead for decadesComes back in 1915Why? What changed?Where were most African Americans before the war?After?Racial tensions in cities grew after the warMajor race riots in citiesLynching continued and segregation in the SouthDid the KKK only target non-whites?Nope, they pretty much didn’t like anybody unless you were white, protestant, & “native”They harassed: immigrants, Catholics, and Jews too