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Adjusting to Peace After WWI 1919-1921. What do you know about the 1920’s?  No talking, just think in your head and create a list…  Ready?  Write down.

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Presentation on theme: "Adjusting to Peace After WWI 1919-1921. What do you know about the 1920’s?  No talking, just think in your head and create a list…  Ready?  Write down."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adjusting to Peace After WWI 1919-1921

2 What do you know about the 1920’s?  No talking, just think in your head and create a list…  Ready?  Write down anything you kinda sorta think maybe might have happened in the 20’s

3 Immediate Post-War Issues  The Great War is over, what now?  Americans are disillusioned with foreign affairs…  What do they do?  Why, they return to isolationism, of course!!!!

4 Immediate Post-War Issues  Economically…  soldiers come back and need jobs,  no more need for war supplies,  factories close  farmers don’t have armies in Europe to feed  What happens when there are no jobs and no one to sell things to?  Recession (economic downturn) 1919-1921

5 Immediate Post-War Issues  Politically…  Time for a new President  Republican Warren Harding is elected in 1920  Read the bottom of p. 174  List the ways that President Harding justifies returning to isolationism.

6 Red Scare  In 1917 the Russian Czar was overthrown  Who’s seen “Anastasia”?  Later that year, Communists seized power  What does a good Communist do?  Seek more power!  They threatened to spread their revolution  It started in the US in 1919  And what did our fine citizens do?  People freaked… “Red Scare” created a panic Sorry to ruin the story, but she actually died with the rest of the family

7 Red Scare  In January 1919 Italian anarchist sets off bomb  Where you ask?  Outside US Attorney General Mitchell Palmer’s house  This was one of several in 8 American cities  All attacks on judges, politicians, law enforcement  Whatever should be done?  Hmm… Lets think, what happened after 9/11?  We changed laws and started gathering up “terrorists”

8 Red Scare Palmer Raids  Palmer was convinced there was a plot to overthrow the US gov’t  In 1920 he ordered round-up of 4,000 suspects  In several cities  WITHOUT warrants  Directed by J.Edgar Hoover, his assistant  Most released later, but 600 deported

9 Red Scare Sacco and Vanzetti Case  Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti – Italian immigrants  Convicted of murder during a robbery  Robbery supposedly to get funds for anarchist revolution  World demanded their release  Did we release them?  Of course not! We can’t look weak!  With insufficient evidence, they were convicted and executed  Modern science says Sacco was probably guilty, but not Vanzetti

10 Red Scare Sacco and Vanzetti Case  Your turn to think… It shouldn’t hurt too bad…Oh, but you do have to write…  Given the situation of fear and panic, do you think Sacco and Vanzetti got a fair trial?  Why or why not?

11 Rise of Nativism and Racism Oh My.mp4 Oh My.mp4  Red Scare, bombings, and trials, Oh My…  I am afraid, who should I blame?  Foreigners!  Nativists (think they’re native and don’t like foreigners)  Believed White Protestant Americans were superior  Eventually leads to immigration restrictions

12 Rise of Nativism and Racism Ku Klux Klan (KKK)  Had been dead for decades  Comes back in 1915  Why? What changed?  Where were most African Americans before the war?  After?  Racial tensions in cities grew after the war  Major race riots in cities  Lynching continued and segregation in the South  Did the KKK only target non-whites?  Nope, they pretty much didn’t like anybody unless you were white, protestant, & “native”  They harassed: immigrants, Catholics, and Jews too


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