Presentation on theme: "Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified By Nature."— Presentation transcript:
Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified By Nature
Who wrote the document? Here one wants to know not just the name of the author, but as much as possible about his or her background; one may want to consider such factors as occupational status, class, education, religion, nationality, race, interests, etc. Karl Pearson, a British Mathematics Professor
For whom was the document created? Every author writes to communicate with someone else. One needs to consider questions about the audience’s background similar to those raised for authors. Those wanting to learn about Social Darwinism. College students – the next generation of leaders Most likely “the white man” and “good Britons.”
What is the document about? Some sources tell a story, some list information, some ask for something; one needs to understand the subject matter and historical context. The document is describing the beliefs of Social Darwinism. The main concept is that higher intellect and physical efficiency can be achieved by eliminating inferior races and allowing only the “fittest” to survive.
What kind (genre) of document? Historical sources, even just written sources, come in many different forms; for example, personal letters, official government papers, fiction, propaganda. The type of document affects the kind of message that can be conveyed. Lecture
Why was it written? Every document of whatever type is written to achieve some purpose. One needs to consider why the author would write it, why the audience would read it, and what effects it would have had. Karl Peason, the author wrote it to inform people of the beliefs of Social Darwinism and spread these ideas to the public. The audience would read it to inform themselves on the topic. The effects it would have would depend on if people embraced this idea or not. One major effect was racism.
What does this source tell us about its author/ audience/ subject/ historical context? Author – supports and promotes Social Darwinism Audience – needs to be educated on topic Subject – that society should follow “survival of the fittest” and leave the inferior races behind. Historical Context – one of the reasons racism is around today is because it was promoted in the 1900s.
Why do we care? (Does the information we can gain from this document relate to other things we know or would like to know?) This believe system was basically racism and even 100 years later, is still sadly around today. This helps us know how people thought / were taught at this time. Remember Pearson was an educated professor!
People truly believed that they were better than others – this was a sincere conclusion drawn by many including the highly educated of the day.