Presentation on theme: "UNIT 5 LESSON 2 Demands for Civil Rights. Objectives Define key terms. Analyze the Plessy and Brown Supreme Court decisions. Compare the goals & strategies."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives Define key terms. Analyze the Plessy and Brown Supreme Court decisions. Compare the goals & strategies of early Civil Rights groups. Identify key events in the Civil Rights Movement.
Warm Up What caused African Americans to demand greater civil rights after World War II? Northern Migration – voting power in major cities Role in WW2 labor Reaction to Hitler’s racism
Defining Terms Segregation- De Jure- De Facto- Stereotype- Integration- Prejudice- Racism- Jim Crow Laws-
Defining Terms Segregation- separating ppl on basis of race De Jure- legal segregation De Facto- segregation as matter of custom Stereotype- false notion about (racial/ethnic) group Integration- to bring together Prejudice- unwarranted bias Racism- idea that race determines character/ability; fuels beliefs of superiority to & intolerance of others Jim Crow Laws- segregated public spaces & amenities in the South after the Civil War
Key Supreme Ct Decisions Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Homer Plessy (1/8 black) arrested for violating segregation law b/c he bought ticket & boarded 1 st class train. Argued violation of 14 th amendment (equal protection) Ct ruled “separate but equal” facilities don’t infringe upon rights. Brown v Topeka Bd of Ed 1954 Linda Brown denied admission to all-white school near house…sent over 1 m away to all- black school. NAACP - Violation 14 th ? Ct ruled separate was never equal & ordered desegregation public schools. “Southern Manifesto” – Congressional opposition to ruling as violation of states’ rights
Activity: Major Civil Rights Groups NAACP (1909) Leader(s): Goals: Strategies: CORE (1942) Leader(s): Goals: Strategies: SCLC (1957) Leader(s): Goals: Strategies: SNCC (1960) Leader(s): Goals: Strategies:
Activity: Major Civil Rights Groups NAACP (1909) Leader(s): WEB DuBois, Ida Wells Barrett Goals: Civil Rights & racial justice, improve legal, econ, educ experiences Strategies: lobbying, education, press, challenge through court system CORE (1942) Leader(s): James Farmer, Bayard Rustin Goals: equality & justice, desegregation public facilities Strategies: nonviolent direct action, sit- ins, jail, picket/boycott SCLC (1957) Leader(s): MLK, Ralph Abernathy, Rustin Goals: voter registration (power to vote) Strategies: sit-ins, drives, nonviolent protest SNCC (1960) Leader(s): John Lewis, Ella Baker, Stokely Carmichael Goals: student action to achieve change, voter registration Strategies: nonviolent but confrontational (Freedom Rides)
Timeline Activity Use your books and smartphones to place the key events in chronological order. Also, write a “catch phrase” that will help you remember the significance of these events.
Hand in your completed worksheet when finished!
Closure Which event do you think is most important to the history of civil rights in the US? Explain why.