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English II. Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. uses exaggerations.

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Presentation on theme: "English II. Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. uses exaggerations."— Presentation transcript:

1 English II

2 Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. uses exaggerations or alterations to make a particular point ---- not just stating the facts. Examples: Imagery Simile Metaphor Symbolism Allegory Allusion

3 The use of vivid language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. Used to create an image or spark a memory by stimulating one of the five senses. Examples: “Muddy banks covered in tangled water plants lead to large rocks that increase in size” ---Used to describe the setting in Hunger Games "The Radley place jutted into a sharp curve beyond our house...The house was low, was once white with a deep front porch and green shutters, but had long ago darkened to the color of the slate-grey yard around it. Rain rotted shingles drooped over the eaves of the veranda; oak trees kept the sun away.” ---- Description of Radley house in TKaM

4 Definition: a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using the word like or as Example: “She looked and smelled like a peppermint drop”. --Scout describing Miss Caroline "The Radley Place fascinated Dill. In spite of our warnings and explanations it drew him as the moon draws water…”. --Scout describing Dill’s obsession with Boo Radley’s house

5 Definition: a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unrelated things without using like or as Example: “Then I heard Atticus cough. I held my breath. Sometimes when we made a midnight pilgrimage to the bathroom we would find him reading”. Compares a trip to the bathroom with a pilgrimage “I had never thought about it, but summer was Dill by the fish pool smoking string, Dill’s eyes alive with complicated plans to make Boo Radley emerge; summer was the swiftness with which Dill would reach up and kiss me when Jem was not looking…”. Compares summertime to Scout’s relationship with Dill

6 Definition: the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense. Example: Hunger Games: Mockingjay is a symbol for rebellion TKaM: Mockingbird is a symbol for good and innocence

7 Definition: a literary representation in which a literary work actually has a deeper meaning; sometimes the actions, events, people and things on the surface level of the story actually represent ideas. Example: Atticus shooting the rabid dog (Chapter 10) The dog itself symbolizes racism. Atticus's willingness to shoot the dog, parallels his willingness to take on Tom Robinson's case. The dog is described as being just as dangerous dead as alive. So, too, is the racism in the town. While Atticus may attack that racism in court, no matter what the outcome of the trial, the racism is still rampant, still dangerous whether dead (an acquittal) or alive (a conviction).

8 Definition: an indirect reference to a famous person, place, event, or literary work. Examples from Chapter 1: Andrew Jackson: 7th President of the United States ( ). disturbance between the North and the South: The Civil War ( ). Dracula: the 1931 film version of the famous vampire story. John Wesley: Founder of the Methodist Church. Merlin: King Arthur's adviser, prophet and magician. Mobile: a city in southwest Alabama. nothing to fear but fear itself: an allusion to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first Inaugural Address

9 Decide whether the following is an example of a simile, metaphor, symbolism, allegory, or allusion.

10 On Valentine’s Day, many boys turn into Romeos.

11 “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”.

12 The murderer’s eyes were as black as coal as he stared down his next victim.

13 The color of the murderer’s eyes is being compared to the color of coal using “as”.

14 On the surface, C.S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe is a novel about four children that visit an enchanted land and meet a talking lion. However, the lion is actually a symbol for Jesus Christ, and the character of Edmund is a symbol for Judas. Through these symbols and classic story of betrayal is told.

15 The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe seems, at it’s basic level, like an everyday child’s story. However, the characters and plot line have a deeper figurative meaning.

16 Time is a thief that steals our youth, our memories, and, finally, our breath.

17 Time is being compared to a thief that steals things without using ‘like’ or ‘as’.

18 “All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players; they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts”. What are the stage and actors? William Shakespeare, As You Like It

19 Shakespeare is using the idea of a play and actors as symbols for people living their day-to- day lives. BONUS! Because this quote literally says one thing but figuratively means another, it can also be considered what?

20 Write your name, date, and period Answer the following questions with complete sentences. What are the 6 types of figurative language we discussed today? What is an example of a SYMBOL from everyday life? Why do authors use Figurative Language in their writing?


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