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Edwards, 2007. THINK ABOUT THIS “Learning who you are…creating who you want to be.” Lisa Froemming.

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Presentation on theme: "Edwards, 2007. THINK ABOUT THIS “Learning who you are…creating who you want to be.” Lisa Froemming."— Presentation transcript:

1 Edwards, 2007

2 THINK ABOUT THIS “Learning who you are…creating who you want to be.” Lisa Froemming

3 Definitions ” The term Latino is a new and ambiguous invention.”.”

4 Definitions The term Latino has meaning only in reference to the US experience.”

5 Identity ”…Latino population’s sense of self and its collective history are still far from having a definitive impact on the understanding of race, ethnicity, and nationhood in the US.”

6 Identity ”One student, in particular, explained that all the members of her family had answered the racial question differently, depending on their own self-identities.”.”

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10 THINK ABOUT THIS “Every hour you spend with others you become more like the people around you.” David Brooks

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14 Generational Differences 1.) First Generation Person –Different view of America, different sense of identity, & different sense of entitlement. 2.) Native Born Person –Role of parents’ perceptions/experiences, experience in school system, minority person, race/ethnic relations.

15 CULTURAL STRENGTHS 1.) Ethnic Identity 2.) Biculturalism 3.) Familismo Edwards, Lisa, Marquette University, 2007

16 Ethnic Identity The meaning or importance of ethnicity to an individual at a given time. Includes: –Exploration & Search –Affirmation, Commitment & Belonging Edwards, Lisa, Marquette University, 2007

17 Multi-Group Ethnic Identity Measure Exploration & Search –Items 1, 2, 4, 8, 10 –Add up and divide the total by 5 Affirmation, Commitment & Belonging –Items 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12 –Add up and divide the total by 7 Edwards,Lisa, Marquette University 2007

18 Think About This “As you develop, the world changes … what’s put away does not go away”. UNKNOWN

19 BICULTURALISM The ability to navigate multiple cultural contexts. --Retaining one’s culture of origin while still adapting to majority culture --Can be challenging, but can also be a strength. Edwards, Lisa, Marquette University, 2007

20 FAMILISMO Familism can be defined as, “a strong identification and attachment of individuals with their families and strong feelings of loyalty, reciprocity and solidarity among members of their family.” (Triandis et al., 1982)

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23 “RACISM, NO LONGER A BLACK/WHITE BINARY PARADIGM". THIS RACISM PERMEATES THROUGH TO LATINO CITIZENS OF THIS COUNRTY, EITHER AS A PERCEIVED RACISM OR AS REAL. THERE ARE ALSO SOME RACIST-BASED VIEWS BETWEEN AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND LATINOS. Source--New York Times, January 15, 2008

24 “RACISM, NO LONGER A BLACK/WHITE BINARY PARADIGM". WITHIN THE LATINO COMMUNITY, RACISM IS NOT STRICKLY A SKIN-COLOR ISSUE, THOUGH IT CERTAINLY IS. I’S ABOUT LAST NAME, FORM OF SPEAKING, AND MANNER OF DRESS, AS WELL. Source--New York Times, January 15, 2008

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26 THINK ABOUT THIS “There is power in naming racism for what it is, in shining a bright light on it, brighter than any torch or flashlight. …allows us to root it out of the darkness and hushed conversation where it likes to breed like roaches” Jesmyn Ward, New York Times, August, 11, ‘13

27 ACCULTURATION Includes and influences ethnic identity Comprised of various domains: –Language –Social Affiliation –Daily Living Habits (Food, Music) –Identification and Pride Edwards, Lisa, Marquette University, 2007

28 Models of Acculturation Lisa Edwards, Marquette University, 2007 Latino Culture Anglo Culture Bidimensional Model Bicultural Identity

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31 THINK ABOUT THIS “…Cultural repression was always the first, easiest, and most effective means of political control…it’s a subtle move to destroy a society.” Robert Rauschenberg

32 Languages/Identities “”Language, the medium through which all culture is learned and transmitted, is a powerful lens through which we can detect the ways in which use different voices…as members of different groups, at different times, even same time.”

33 Languages/Identities “…facilitate the adoption of new words and ways of speaking that reflects new ethnic and racial identities. Help understand how linguistic codes help construct identities, including how and where the boundaries between linguistics codes are drawn...advocated anthropolitical linguistics.”

34 Languages/Identities “…of the fact that critics denounce hybrid identities as evidence of cognitive confusion, as watered-down versions of one culture or another, and even as unpatriotic abandonment of a core culture.”

35 Languages/Identities “Anthropolitical linguistics assumes that the ways in the US speak English and Spanish cannot be divorced from socioeconomic and political realities.”

36 THINK ABOUT THIS “I have seen many Anglo-Americans have an easier time mastering the Spanish language, but with Chicanos [Latinos], there seems to be a barrier, a phobia that is more psychological than people realize. There is a resentment for past treatment. We have scars, and they appear when we talk our mother tongue.” Jose Antonio Burciaga

37 Gender, Ethnicity, & Race ”The boys’ experience of the `Mexicanness’ and gender approximates a process of racialization, with the associated difficulties of engagement and entry, whereas the girls’ experience approximates a process of ethnicization.’

38 METRO AREAS & RACE GAP, NYT, May-18-’10 METRO % WHITE % WHITE AREAOVER 65 UNDER 18GAP Phoenix, Az85%44%41 Riverside, Ca Tucson, Az Bakersfield, Ca Fresno, Ca Modesto, Ca Ft. Myers, Fl Dallas, Tx Las Vegas, Nv San Diego, Ca Stockton, Ca622734

39 Millennials, …have been depicted more recently by employers, professors and earnestly concerned mental-health experts as entitled whiners who have been spoiled by parents who over-stoked their self- esteem, teachers who granted undeserved A’s and sports coaches who bestowed trophies on any player who showed up. New York Times Magazine, May 30, 2010

40 THINK ABOUT THIS “Membership in a group often means embracing shared beliefs, values, and traditions that are passed on through generations.” Michael J.A. Wohl


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