Presentation on theme: "UNIT OVERVIEW & INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVEL"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIT OVERVIEW & INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVEL To Kill A MockingbirdBy Harper LeeUNIT OVERVIEW & INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVELCreated by Mr. S. Wilson
2 Contents of Presentation Goals of UnitUnderstanding plot, setting and character developmentUnderstanding the development of important themesIncreasing the use of vocabulary and languageDevelop ability to think critically about what is in a novel or other textLearning history of segregation, southern U.S.A., great depression and legal battlesIntroduction to NovelThe CharactersPlot SequenceThemes & SymbolsBackground IssuesAbout AuthorThings to Consider While ReadingImportant QuotesUsing Resources
3 Goals of UnitThere are several topics that we will be focusing on during our study of To Kill A Mockingbird.These topics will help you develop important skills that you will require in all subjects throughout high school, university and your career.This unit will focus on…
4 Plot, Setting & Character Development Goals of UnitPlot, Setting & Character DevelopmentThe main events that make up the beginning, middle and end of a story. Understand WHAT HAPPENS in a story is crucial to figuring out WHY things happen.What is PLOT?Essentially the setting is WHERE and WHEN the story takes place. To Kill A Mockingbird uses the setting of southern Alabama, the town of Maycomb and the courtroom to develop the storyWhat is SETTING?As the characters develop we see changes that are reflections of the plot. As things happen they learn things and move on, hopefully keeping the reader’s interest in the process.What is CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT?
5 Theme, Vocabulary, Critical Thinking and History Goals of UnitTheme, Vocabulary, Critical Thinking and HistoryTheme refers to the main idea and the purpose of the work. What is the novel trying to accomplish and/or teach the reader?What is THEME?To Kill A Mockingbird makes use of many words that you may not know. If you do not know the word you will not be able to understand the plot, setting, characters or theme. Therefore, this unit will focus on regular vocabulary improvement.Improve VOCABULARY!You will learn how to question why authors make decisions about the words they use, the decisions of the characters and the events of the plot and how these things tell the reader an important message.Think CRITICALLY!This novel makes mention of many historical aspects that require some knowledge in order for the novel to make complete sense. Therefore we will discuss some of the history within the novel before and during our study of To Kill A Mockingbird.Learn HISTORY!
6 Introduction to the Novel To help your understanding of the novel you will be first introduced to:CharactersPlot EventsBackground InformationThemes & SymbolsThe Author
7 Introduction to the Novel Atticus FinchLawyer and prominent citizenFamily has been in Maycomb for generationsFather of “Scout” and JemDefends Tom RobinsonStrong moralsJean-Louise “Scout” FinchFemale narrator of storyOften tells of her past, (so setting and timeline jumps a great deal)Daughter of AtticusExplores theme of “judgment” based on relationship with Boo RadleyCharles “Dill” HarrisBoy who visits Maycomb each summerSeven Years oldBefriends “Scout” and JemVery smart; enjoys reading and acting out storiesArthur “Boo" RadleyThirty-three year old recluse next doorAs a child committed a crime and was kept home by his fatherDoes not leave house later in his life except at nightRescues children and befriends “Scout”Bob EwellDaughter accuses Tom Robinson of rapeFeels ashamed that a white man made accusations about his familyTerrorizes Finch familyKilled towards end of storyTom RobinsonYoung black man accused of raping white girlWhen in court, clear evidence defending him is ignored due to discrimination at timeSentenced to deathShot dead during escape attemptThe Main Characters
8 Introduction to the Novel Plot SequenceThe “Boo Radley” PlotIntroduction to the characters including the Finch family history, “Scout” and Jem, “Dill” Harris and the interesting history of Arthur “Boo” RadleyDevelopment of the children’s antics in their pursuit of “Boo” Radley, which includes dares and games to get his attention. During this part Atticus Finch warns the children to not judge “Boo” – they need to live life in his shoes.Children trespass on Radley property and are shot at, causing Jem to lose his pants. This further develops “Boo’s” character as we witness his actions.
9 Introduction to the Novel Plot SequenceThe “Tom Robinson” PlotA white woman, Mayella Ewell, is raped. She accuses Tom Robinson, a black man. Atticus Finch agrees to defend Robinson, which angers and upsets Maycomb.Maycomb is furious about trial and collectively wants to lynch Robinson. Finch faces uphill battle based on black’s position in society.Trial becomes one-sided despite clear evidence in favour of Robinson. Robinson was in relationship with Ewell according to factual evidence but nonetheless, Robinson found guilt and sentenced to death. Robinson, clearly innocent, tries to escape the jail and is shot to deathEwell family attacks the Finch family due to the “shame and humilation” Atticus Finch subjected them to during the trial..
10 Introduction to the Novel Plot SequenceConnecting the Two PlotsOver the course of the novel, Dill, “Scout” and Jem continue to build a relationship with “Boo” Radley, trying to get him to come out of the house during the dayAfter the trial of Tom Robinson, the actions of Bob Ewell, (father of “victim” Mayella Ewell, progress from menacing the Finch family to breaking into the judge’s house until he finally attacks Jem and “Scout”.“Boo” Radley save Jem and “Scout” and Bob Ewell dies. “Boo” is then forced to return to hiding in the Radley house“Scout” finally understands what her father said about not judging a person and this reinforces her belief in the ultimate goodness of man.
11 Introduction to the Novel Exploring ThemesGood vs. EvilMoral reasoning by Atticus FinchActs of “Boo” RadleyLoss of innocenceActs of the Ewell family: deception, harassment, lies and violenceMorals: Right and WrongPerspective: Life in someone else’s shoesAtticus Finch defending Tom Robinson“Boo” Radley and his backgroundSocial Inequality, Racism and DiscriminationThe treatment of Tom RobinsonRacial divide between blacks and whites during time periodTreatment of whites who defend blacks
12 Introduction to the Novel Exploring Symbols…Be on the lookout for:SYMBOL:A word or object that represents another word or objectSmall-Town Life“Boo” RadleyMockingbirds / BirdsWhat do these symbols represent!?
13 Introduction to the Novel Background InformationTo Kill A Mockingbird includes several references to historical events. Knowing some information about this events is important for understanding the novel.
14 Introduction to the Novel Background InformationEven those with jobs were affected because nothing was being producedAverage family income dropped to 50% by 193525% of population had no jobGREATDEPRESSIONStock Market Crash caused people to lose billions. Entire banks were wiped out and by 1933 over 60% of population was considered poorHundreds of thousands lost homes, farms and possessionsA period of extreme drought, poverty and hardships during the 1930s.The novel takes place during the mid-1930s at a time when the government was attempting to stop the Great Depression. The President at the time, Franklin Roosevelt, famously said, “the only thing to fear is fear itself” as his government created programs to create jobs, house the homeless and feed the starving.
15 Introduction to the Novel Background InformationAlthough slavery was abolished in the 1890s racism and discrimination were alive and well during the time of the novel.The novel is based on many historical facts that help to drive the story, (and allow the readers to explore a sad time in American history) including:Racism and Social ClassesJim Crow Laws (1890s – 1960s)Scottsboro Trials (1931)Social Inequality (Forever)
16 Introduction to the Novel Background InformationWealthyWhite Town/Country People“White Trash”Black PeopleSocial InequalityThe FinchesWhite folks of Maycomb &Maycomb CountyThe Ewell FamilyTom RobinsonEven the law was one-sided: Juries were always all-white and all-male. The word of a black man meant nothing against the word of a white man.
17 Introduction to the Novel About the AuthorTo Kill A Mockingbird is semi-autobiographical for a number of reasons:Lee grew up in AlabamaFather was prominent lawyerExperienced Great Depression, Scottsboro Trials“Scout” based on her life; “Dill” based on life of childhood friend Truman Capote
18 Things to Consider While Reading The first time you read the novel should be to get a general idea of the setting, characters, plot and themes. However, because this novel can be difficult you are provided with some things to think about while reading that will help you understand the novel.
19 Things to Consider While Reading Important QuotesAs you read be on the lookout for these important quotes from the novel:“Remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it. “Your father's right,” she said. “Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird.”“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.”-Atticus Finch“Neighbours bring food with death, and flowers with sickness, and little things in between. Boo was our neighbour. He gave us two soap dolls, a broken watch and chain, a knife, and our lives.” ”Scout” Finch“Why reasonable people go stark raving mad when anything involving a Negro comes up, is something I don't pretend to understand… I just hope that Jem and Scout come to me for their answers instead of listening to the town. I hope they trust me enough…” -Atticus Finch
20 Things to Consider While Reading Using ResourcesHaving difficulty understanding the novel? Try these resources:Sparknotes – Free Web Resource:TKM Student Survival GuideWikipedia.org: To Kill A MockingbirdDon’t forget about me! Ask me questions you may have!
21 To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee www.wilsonteacher.ca Presentation created by Mr. S. WilsonGeraldton Composite High School – Geraldton, Ontario