Presentation on theme: "Understanding Culture to Help Foster a Culturally Proficient Workforce."— Presentation transcript:
Understanding Culture to Help Foster a Culturally Proficient Workforce
Activator Stand up if….
Check-In Sign-In Reflection Packet with Articles Vocabulary Partners
The Data 78 students dropped out of Sun Prairie Schools over the last 3 years. 49 – 63% were boys 43 – 56% were African-American
In the school year, there were 306 disciplinary incidents that resulted in out-of-school suspensions. 114 or 37% of those students were Black.
Last year 218 students in grades 9-12 took at least one Technical Education Course. 8 or 3% were English Language Learners 12 or 9% were girls
A Black student in Sun Prairie is 5 times more likely than a White student to be referred for Special Education evaluation by Sun Prairie staff members. A Black male student is 11 times more likely than a White male student to end up labeled Emotionally/Behaviorally Disabled.
Last year a total of 260 Advanced Placement (AP) exams were taken by Sun Prairie Students. Only 19 or 7% of those AP exams were taken by students of color.
Having a disability is the greatest barrier to participation in 'performance music' when students enroll for 6th grade. Greater than language, race, or poverty.
For Sun Prairie students, race is a greater factor over poverty in reading and math achievement.
The Vision All students, families, school employees, and community members unified by mutual respect and the shared purpose of seeking successful learning for every student.
The Priority Goal District Goal #4 Develop a highly qualified, diverse, and culturally proficient district workforce Action plan 4c Ensure that every employee receives training in skills of cultural proficiency
Agenda Reflection on Culture Privilege and Racism Culturally Responsive Practices
Workshop Goals To develop an understanding of my own culture and how it impacts my beliefs, values, and actions
Workshop Goals To understand how institutional racism marginalizes groups of people
Workshop Goals To develop an awareness of white privilege and its influence on my belief, values, and actions
Ground Rules Everyone has a right to express his/her point of view. Listen respectively to others without judging. Share “air time” with others. Limit sidebar conversations.
What is culture? “What is culture?”
Culture Thoughts, feelings, attitudes, beliefs, values, customs, behaviors and artifacts that are shared by racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups of people.
Why do I need to understand my culture? Culture shapes the way we see the world, ourselves, and others. It is the predominant force in shaping behaviors, values, and institutions. The more we understand ourselves, the better able we are to understand others.
Factors that Influence Culture Me Personality Traits Gender Religion Race Ability Economic Class
Dimensions of Culture Language Space/proximity Attitude towards time Gender roles Family roles Grooming and presence Life cycles Status of age Education
Exploring the Features of Culture Reflection Activity #2 Review/Read the following documents: Identity Quilt Features of Culture Complete the Features of Culture Survey. Reflection Packet
Partner Share Share the completed survey with your 12 o’clock partner.
Culture is Like an Iceberg
Iceberg Activity Reflection Activity #3 Using the features of culture list within Activity #2 in your Reflection Packet, place the number of features that you believe are observable above the surface of the water and the number of the features that are not directly observable below the surface of the iceberg.
Cultural Features Below the Surface #3, #4, #6, #8, #9, #10, #16, #17, #18, #22, #23, #24
Table Discussions On chart paper at your table, list specific examples of how features below the surface influence your behavior.
What is my cultural identity? Reflection Activity #4 How did my cultural identity develop? Who are the people who have been influential in shaping my beliefs, values, and actions? What experiences within my family, school, church, and community shaped me? How did the media influence my thinking? How has my cultural identity changed over time?
Diverse Views Reflection Activity #5 Based upon your cultural biography, write down a belief or value that you hold. Next, write down another view of that value/belief. Where may this differing viewpoint have originated? What could be an advantage to having a differing viewpoint?
Appreciate Diverse Views Resist the urge to make a judgment about people or behaviors, instead make a conscious effort to understand their cultural perspective.
Power and Privilege: The Invisible Feature of Culture Whenever one group of people accumulates more power than another group, the more powerful group creates an environment that places its members at the cultural center and the other groups at the margins.
Race Political concept Arbitrary division of humans according to physical traits and characteristics
Connecting Power and Privilege People in the more powerful group are accepted as the norm, so if you are in that group it can be very hard for you to see the benefits you receive. This accounts for the reason that whites have difficulty recognizing their privileges in society.
What is white privilege? advantages that whites as a group hold in society.
“White privilege is like an invisible weightless knapsack of special provisions, maps, passports, codebooks, visas, clothes, tools, and blank checks.” Peggy McIntosh
“White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” by Peggy McIntosh
I can, if I wish, arrange to be in the company of people of my race most of the time.
I can turn on the television or open to the front page of the paper and see people of my race widely represented.
When I am told about our national heritage or about “civilization,” I am shown that people of my color made it what it is.
I can be sure that my children will be given curricular materials that testify to the existence of their race.
I can go into a music shop and count on finding the music of my race represented, into a supermarket and find the staple foods which fit with my cultural traditions, into a hairdresser’s shop and find someone who can cut my hair.
Whether I use checks, credit cards or cash, I can count on my skin color not to work against the appearance of financial reliability.
I can arrange to protect my children most of the time from people who might not like them.
I do not have to educate my children to be aware of systemic racism for their own daily physical protection.
I can swear, or dress in second hand clothes, or not answer letters, without having people attribute these choices to the bad morals, the poverty, or the illiteracy of my race.
I can do well in a challenging situation without being called a credit to my race.
I am never asked to speak for all the people of my racial group.
I can be pretty sure that if I ask to talk to the “person in charge”, I will be facing a person of my race.
If a traffic cop pulls me over or if the IRS audits my tax return, I can be sure I haven’t been singled out because of my race.
I can easily buy posters, post-cards, picture books, greeting cards, dolls, toys and children’s magazines featuring people of my race.
I can go home from most meetings of organizations I belong to feeling somewhat tied in, rather than isolated, out-of-place, outnumbered, unheard, held at a distance or feared.
My culture gives me little fear about ignoring the perspectives and powers of people of other races.
I am not made acutely aware that my shape, bearing, or body odor will betaken as a reflection on my race.
I can worry about racism without being seen as self-interested or self-seeking.
I can take a job with an affirmative action employer without having my co-worker on the job suspect that I got it because of my race.
If my day, week, or year is going badly, I need not ask of each negative episode or situation whether it had racial overtones.
I can be late to a meeting without having the lateness reflect on my race.
I can be sure that if I need legal or medical help, my race will not work against me.
I have no difficulty finding neighborhoods where people approve of our household.
I can arrange my activities so that I will never have to experience feelings of rejection owing to my race.
Partner Share Find your 9 o’clock partner and respond to the following questions: How did you feel as you read the slides? Of which aspects of white privilege were you aware? Which were surprising to you?
Power and Privilege Lead to Institutional Racism Institutional racism or systemic racism describes forms of racism which are structured into political and social institutions.
Institutional Racism Institutional racism is the most difficult to recognize and counter, because it reflects the assumptions of the dominant group and is viewed as the norm.
The Meritocracy Myth The myth that everyone in the United States has an equal opportunity to achieve success.
Institutional Racism in Schools Power and privilege disparities within schools create inequitable educational opportunities and outcomes for students of color.
What does institutional racism look like in schools? More likely to be in segregated urban, high poverty school settings Pull out and low track programs Over representation in remedial and Special Education programs Under representation in gifted and advanced level courses Less likely to be taught by qualified teachers Higher drop out rates than white peers Lower achievement than white peers
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) 47% of black students, 51% or Hispanics, and 5% of white students attend high poverty schools.
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) Students in high poverty schools were more than twice as likely to be taught by an out-of-field teachers than low poverty schools
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) Black students account for 17% of the public school population, but are disproportionately represented in Special Education, accounting for 33% of students classified as CD, 27% EBD, and 18% SLD.
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) White students with disabilities were more likely than students of any other race/ethnicity to spend 80% or more of their day in a regular classroom. Black students with disabilities were more likely than students of any other race/ethnicity to spend less than 40% of their day in a regular classroom, resulting in inconsistent, fragmented instruction.
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) Proficient or Advanced on 4 th Grade Reading Achievement 18% American Indian 42% Asian 13% Black 16% Hispanic 41% White
National Statistics on U.S. Schools (2005) Proficient or Advanced on 4 th Grade Math Achievement 17% American Indian 40% Asian 13% Black 19% Hispanic 47% White
National Statistics on High School Graduation Rates(2008) 64% American Indian 91% Asian 62% Black 64% Hispanic 81% White
Students of color Called on less frequently Praised less often and reprimanded more often Punished more severely Given answers more frequently by teachers Not encouraged to develop higher order thinking Not encouraged to elaborate on statements Rewarded for following rules and being “nice ” Gay(2000)
The Hidden Curriculum “…..schools teach more than the knowledge and content that is explicitly stated in the formal curriculum scope and sequence. In fact, children are always learning in school, but may be learning more about their “place” in society, the expectations (often low) that others hold of them, the value, or lack of value, attributed by society to their particular cultural group, gender, or community that they learn about the core content.” Michael Haralambos
Racism Video clip: A Gardener’s Tale
Table Discussion How did you feelings change throughout the video clip? What are the stereotypes that institutional racism reinforce about the character and abilities of people of color? Using the gardener’s tale allegory, how are the levels of racism (institutional, interpersonal, and intra personal) exhibited in schools?
Why does culture matter? Often misunderstandings about the role of culture in behavior, communication, and learning lead to assumptions about the abilities of children to be successful in school.
Why does culture matter? An awareness and understanding of the different values and behaviors that accompany culture can remove unintentional barriers to a child’s success.
How do we remove barriers for students? By implementing culturally responsive practices and becoming a culturally responsive workforce.
Culturally Responsive Practices
Aware A Culturally Responsive Sun Prairie Employee is constantly aware that one’s cultural identity impacts behavior. He/she understands that there are specific, sometimes differing beliefs, past experiences, values, and feelings that contribute to the way the he/she and others act.
Appreciative A Culturally Responsive Sun Prairie Employee recognizes similarities and differences between his/her own cultural identity and that of others. He/she accepts and associates freely with individuals of differing beliefs, appearances, and/or lifestyles, even while maintaining his/her own cultural identity.
Sensitive A Culturally Responsive Sun Prairie Employee Understands the dangers of stereotyping and other biases; he/she is aware of and sensitive to issues of sexism, racism, and other prejudice. He/she is able to recognize biased messages about persons of differing cultural identities, and works to eliminate or discredit their impact whenever possible.
Knowledgeable A Culturally Responsive Sun Prairie Employee has ever increasing knowledge of differing cultural identities and groups in the school, the community, the United States and other countries in the world. He/she is able to take on and/or consider perspectives of non-majority groups at times.
Interactive A Culturally Responsive Sun Prairie Employee works positively with individuals who have other cultural identities and actively seeks out individuals and/or resources and perspectives.
Table Discussions Looks Like Feels Like Sounds Like
Reflection on Today’s Workshop Reflection Activity : Goal Setting What one characteristic of the culturally responsive practices will you focus on to implement in your work space over the next 3 months?