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A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC. I've got tapes I've got CD's I've got my Public Enemy My lily white ass Is tickled pink When I listen to the music That.

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Presentation on theme: "A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC. I've got tapes I've got CD's I've got my Public Enemy My lily white ass Is tickled pink When I listen to the music That."— Presentation transcript:

1 A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC

2 I've got tapes I've got CD's I've got my Public Enemy My lily white ass Is tickled pink When I listen to the music That makes me think – Anthony Kiedis, Red Hot Chilli Peppers song: Power of Equality album: Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991)

3 ISSUES PURPOSE VIETNAM WAR NORTH IRELAND WOMEN’S ISSUES BY GENRE (ROCK, METAL, PUNK, COUNTRY/FOLK, POP, AUSTRALIAN, ROOTS) PROTEST MUSIC IN FILM MUSIC EVENTS CRITICISM GET INVOLVED

4 Anti-war Social issues eg. Racism, class, inequality, labour movements, human rights, wrongful imprisonment, police brutality, women’s rights, indigenous rights, injustice Anti-Government Anti-Corporate / Anti-Globalisation Environmental / Conservatism / Anti - Nuclear

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6 Criticise Raise awareness Issues you don’t hear on the news Question the info you do get – find out more for yourself Incite action Or is it just good material for writing music? Can be literal or metaphorical INTERPRETING LYRICS IS NEVER CONCRETE – EVERYONE CAN TAKE A DIFFERENT MEANING (N.B - Meanings listed herein have been taken from interviews and quotes from musicians)

7 1960s – Time of social upheaval and dissent Flower Power – hippie movement Woodstock Festival My Lai Massacre Student Protests GREAT MUSIC !

8 Bob Dylan – Blowin’ In the Wind (1963) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ced8o50G9kg Bob Dylan – Masters Of War (1963) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=iWkWSLEW-Ds Jimi Hendrix (written by Dylan) – All Along The Watchtower (1968) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BCwCBh0z3Hs The Doors – Unknown Soldier (1968) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=TdfkYe3c5XI Country Joe – I feel like I’m fixin’ to die (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=s5btZWbViPA Edwin Starr – War (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=I5GE5AsPOBo&feature=related Creedence Clearwater Revival - Fortunate Son (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JBfjU3_XOaA Jefferson Airplane - Volunteers (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SboRijhWFDU&feature=related

9 Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Ohio (1970) about Kent State Shootings. http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JCS- g3HwXdc&feature=related John Lennon – Give Peace a Chance (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=I- NRriHlLUk John Lennon – Imagine (1971) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=jEOkxRL zBf0 Bruce Springsteen – Born In the USA (1984) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BjwzxKz vWUE Also deals with treatment of veterans and unemployment under Reagan in the 80s

10 U2 – Sunday Bloody Sunday (1983) from the album ‘War’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JFM7Ty1EEvs The Cranberries – Zombie (1994) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=HJEySrDerj0

11 eg. RACISM / POVERTY / INEQUALITY / POLICE BRUTALITY Marvin Gaye – What’s Goin’ On (1971) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=Y9KC7uhMY9s&feature=related Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five – The Message (1982) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=k3kRuJhIVIo&feature=related Public Enemy – Fight The Power (1989) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=CuTi9UZtPbw&feature=related NWA – Fuck Tha Police (1988) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=WiX7GTelTPM&feature=related Body Count – Cop Killer (1992) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BSvD5SM_uI4 “I’m a cop killer / Fuck police brutality” – Ice T

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13 Ani DiFranco - Lost Woman Song (1993) – Abortion http://www.last.fm/music/Ani+DiFranco/_/Lost+Woman+ Song Sonic Youth – Swimsuit Issue (1992) - Women as objects, sexual harassment http://www.last.fm/music/Sonic+Youth/_/Swimsuit+Issue “Don't touch my breast / I'm just working at my desk Don't put me to the test / I'm just doing my best” - Kim Gordon, Sonic Youth

14 Bob Marley – Get up Stand Up (1973) – about Rastafarian religion http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=DgTD0QS4 dO0 Billy Bragg – Between The Wars (1985) – poverty, plight of the working class in UK http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lj2Sp11m_ xk&feature=related "I'll give my consent to any government who will not deny a man a living wage.“ – Billy Bragg

15 “Music has the power to cross borders, to break military sieges and to establish real dialogue. There's two things to do: you can either take an escapist pill, or you can deal with music which deals with the realities of the situation." - Tom Morello, Rage Against The Machine

16 RATM – Killing In The Name (1992) - Police and Klu Klux Klan (KKK) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fkuOAY-S6OY RATM - Freedom (1992) - massacre of American Indians by FBI, jailing of Leonard Peltier, AIM leader http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=vqcM5lVoteQ RATM - People Of The Sun (1996) - poverty and persecution of Zapatistas in Mexico (also see Battle Of Mexico City DVD) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=7hQgCJGNspI&feature=related

17 System Of A Down – BOOM! (2002) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=K7yAO- QCSWA&feature=related SOAD also publicise the Armenian genocide by Turkey (1915 – 1917), prison rates, Iraq war, bias media coverage, war profiteering Axis Of Justice (Tom Morello – RATM and Serj Tankian – SOAD) www.axisofjustice.org “During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.” – George Orwell, Author

18 Alice in Chains – Rooster (1993) - Vietnam war, ‘democracy’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=vpH5i3xD7tA Pearl Jam – Bushleaguer (2002) - anti-Bush http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=5nhyhlzLwIw Pearl Jam – Do the Evolution (1998) - technology, ‘progress’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=FS69fuCOhTM&feature=related Pearl Jam – World Wide Suicide (2006) - Iraq war, Afghanistan War, death of football player turned soldier Pat Tillman by ‘friendly fire’ got plenty of coverage – what about regular people dying? ‘collateral damage’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=RAY-4V_DdsM “Democracy might have a chance at working if people educate themselves on these issues and make their opinions known” – Eddie Vedder, Pearl Jam

19 Black Sabbath – War Pigs (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=_4cx1pk0P3o Megadeth – Symphony of Destruction (1993) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=67bTpVQfB6U Megadeth – Holy Wars (1991) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=- YczYC2yHTM&feature=related Megadeth – Peace Sells But Who’s Buying? (1986) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=1DWoJBHibhM&f eature=related

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21 Metallica – One (1988) – soldier badly injured in WW1 http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JwW9L_qzqp8&feature=related Soundgarden – Hands All Over (1989) – environment damage http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=tiZ2wg1ZBxc Sepultura – Territory (1993) – Palestine/Israel conflict http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fba9Nllm9x0 “Bad presidents make good music.” - Max Cavalera (ex-Sepultura, Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy)

22 The Clash – White Riot (1977) - class and race issues in UK http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=y_C78zw5i8U Sex Pistols – God Save the Queen (1977) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=8z2M_hpoPwk Crass – Nagasaki Nightmare (1981) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=8aHFRwGD47M&feature=related The Exploited – Fuck The USA (1982) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lqpoWkG_pYI&feature=related

23 The Ramones – Bonzo Goes To Bitburg (1986) - anti-Reagan http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=cDUFyvTAHUA&feature=related Dead Kennedys – Stars And Stripes Of Corruption (1985) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lfGXF3gXXKw&feature=related "Rednecks and bombs don't make us strong/ We loot the world, yet we can't even feed ourselves“- Jello Biafra, Dead Kennedys Pennywise - Fuck Authority (2001) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SXZVc0h8Gok Propagandhi - Today's Empires, Tomorrow's Ashes (2001) http://www.last.fm/music/Propagandhi/_/Today's+Empires,+Tomorrow's+Ashes Bad Religion – Los Angeles is Burning (2004) from Empire Strikes First http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BxoD9zWY9Rg Green Day – American Idiot (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=M5mjN32G1iI Also see: Black Flag / Henry Rollins, NoFX, Raised Fist, Anti-Flag, Rise Against

24 Punk Voter http://www.punkvoter.com/http://www.punkvoter.com/ Rock Against Bush by Fat Wreck Chords (2004) compilation with a huge list of punk bands, didn’t work Bush was re-elected

25 Dixie Chicks – Not ready To Make Nice (2006) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fwc5YSAc-7g Made anti Bush comments - CDs crushed, death threats, banned from radio Neil Young – Let’s Impeach the President (2006) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=k4kTnP5VJ1k Anti-Bush, Hurricane Katrina, Iraq - won a Grammy

26 George Michael – Shoot The Dog (2002) – UK PM Blair lap dog to Bush http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ji3XgKTziUQ Pink – Dear Mr. President (2006) - war, homosexuality, abortion, homelessness http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=4eRApNHSRRk Black Eyed Peas – Where is the Love (2003) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=MJpyskHMwRs Outkast – Bombs Over Baghdad (2000) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=-XBgXBvI8a0 NOT A PROTEST SONG – Andre 3000 just liked the phrase

27 Eric Bogle – And The Band Was Playing Waltzing Matilda (1972) – Gallipoli http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=WG48Ftsr3OI Red Gum – I was only 19 (1983) –Vietnam, psychological and Agent Orange http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=Urtiyp-G6jY&feature=related The Herd – I was only 19 (2005) – hip hop cover http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ns82tHhJOr0&feature=related Paul Kelly – From Little Things Big Things Grow (1991) - first land rights case http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=_tHEGo-g3mw Midnight Oil – Beds Are Burning (1987) – land rights, Howard’s favourite http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=td1ZLqrEpXI Yothu Yindi – Treaty (1991) - reconciliation http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=S7cbkxn4G8U

28 JBT - Something’s Gotta Give (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fxP8utX3Xrw Xavier Rudd – Better People (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=IxZijEeTCXY Kora – Politician (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SxdPi3jS634 Blue King Brown – Stand Up (2005) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lUOC2o8XR6Y& feature=related Blue King Brown – Check Your Head (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=zuagzdTXqLA&f eature=related “There is this real awakening happening.” - Natalie Pa’apa’a, Blue King Brown

29 Heavy Metal In Baghdad http://www.heavymetalinb aghdad.com/ http://www.heavymetalinb aghdad.com/ Soundtrack To War http://www.soundtrackto war.com/ http://www.soundtrackto war.com/ See also: Apocalypse Now, Full Metal Jacket, Platoon, Casualties of War, Forrest Gump, Fahrenheit 9/11

30 BAND AID (1984, 1989, 2004) LIVE AID (1985) WAVE AID (2003) MAKE POVERTY HISTORY (2006)

31 Naomi Klein - author / journalist, part of anti-globalisation movement, has attacked the “Bono-isation” of protests saying events aren’t as dangerous as grass roots campaigns. Many artists get behind political parties (eg. US election) - can turn people off – some would rather artists stick to playing music. BUT acts like RATM or JBT gain loyal following because people feel they are making a difference - even if they are doing nothing more than listening to the music. Some artists jumping on the bandwagon? Against Me – White people For Peace (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=eU0d2hWaSZc - questioning the validity of bands’ anti-war stance

32 Freeza http://www.freeza.vic.gov.au/http://www.freeza.vic.gov.au/ The Push http://www.thepush.asn.au/http://www.thepush.asn.au/ Muso Network (Dandenong Freeza Group) http://www.greaterdandenong.com/ http://www.greaterdandenong.com/

33 VUT www.vu.edu.auwww.vu.edu.au RMIT www.rmit.edu.auwww.rmit.edu.au NMIT www.nmit.vic.edu.au/www.nmit.vic.edu.au/ Box Hill Tafe www.bhtafe.edu.au/www.bhtafe.edu.au/ Also many other courses eg. Music, Sound Engineering, Event Management plus double degrees incorporating law, marketing etc


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