Presentation on theme: "Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination"— Presentation transcript:
1Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination Chapter 7Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination
2The Social Construction of Minorities What is race?What is the basis of race?Biology or Genetics?Is it blood?The law?Or is it social?What about ethnicity?
3The Social and Political Construction of Race and Ethnicity There are no biological or legal foundations that prove that “races” are distinct categories of people.Evidence from the historical, anthropological, and sociological record indicates that “race” and ethnicity are socially and politically determined categories that change over time and place, and which, are arbitrary and subjective.
4The Social Construction of Minorities What are Minorities?Subordinate segments of a complex societyTend to have special physical characteristics that are seen as undesirable by the dominant segments of societyDevelop a group consciousness, “we”One is born into itTend to practice endogamyDoes not refer to a group’s numerical strength
5The Continuing Struggle for Minority Civil Rights Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Civil Rights Act, & subsequent legislationsThe discrepancy between legal equality and actual inequality has remained in societyThe terrorist attacks on the US in 2001Immigrant groups highlight the problems of minority status in the United States
6Defining Racism, Prejudice, and Discrimination The belief that human “races” have distinctive characteristics that determine abilities and culture… Also involves a belief in the superiority of one’s “race”PrejudiceAn irrational attitudeDiscriminationDifferential treatment of individuals who belong to a particular social group
7Institutional Discrimination Stems from ongoing routines of societies’ social institutions -work or educationIs different from other types of discrimination- not always a conscious intent to discriminateHarvard Project on School Desegregation found a pattern of schools’ resegregation
8Institutional Discrimination Racial ProfilingEducationDejure Segregation and Defacto SegregationUnequal Access to High-Quality SchoolingJonathan KozolHousingEmployment and IncomeRace, Wealth, and Intergenerational Poverty
9Institutional Discrimination JusticeImprisonment and Employment DiscriminationRacial inequalities in Capital PunishmentPolitical DiscriminationFelony Disenfranchisement
10Institutional Discrimination Anti-Voter Fraud CampaignsCivil rights groups note that recent state & federal efforts to investigate voter fraud & institute newsystems of voter identification can be seen as attempts to block higher minority voter turnouts
11Table 7-2: Mean Earnings, by Highest Degree Earned
12Table 7-3: Black-White Segregation in 30 Metropolitan Areas
13Figure 7-3 & 4: Median Net Worth of Families; Effect of a Criminal Record
14Some Consequences of Prejudice and Discrimination Is Affirmative Action necessary?