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The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?

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Presentation on theme: "The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?

2 Thousands of Years Ago __________________ inhabit the southern part of the African continent Native people include ____________, ____________, ____________, and ____________

3 1652 The first Europeans – the __________ – arrive & settle at the ________________. First settlement called the ___________________. Consider themselves Afrikaners Enslave the Africans Many Dutch were farmers, or _____

4 VOCABULARY _______________ – Dutch settlers in South Africa (Dutch for “African”) _______________ – language of the Afrikaners; South African version of “Dutch” language _______________ – Dutch settlers in South Africa (Dutch for “farmer”)

5 1806 The _______________ show up! Take the Cape from the Dutch and enforce British law 1833 British Empire ________________ around the world (angers Afrikaners)

6 The __________________: The _________ move into the interior to get away from British rule & lang. Afrikaners clash with ____________ over land in several African wars, such as the ____________________. The Afrikaners create two “Boer states”: ___________ & ___________

7 __________ (1869) and __________ (1870) are found in the interior by the Boers! British use force to gain control over the area and use ___________________.

8 The _______________: War between _______ & _______. British wanted _______________; Boers wanted _______________. In their effort to win, the British: scorched the Boer’s earth (farms) put Boers in concentration camps

9 1910 South Africa gains its independence from Britain: ______________________ ______________ are in control of government ______________ is policy throughout all South Africa

10 1912 _________________ (ANC) formed Africans fight back _____________ Non-violent methods inspired by _________ New segregation policies: All blacks must carry _____________ Native Land Act (1913) prevents native Africans from owning their own land

11 1948 ___________________ wins election _________________ wins by uniting Afrikaners of all classes – theme of white supremacy _____________ becomes the law of the land apartheid = legal segregation of the races in South Africa; “apartness”


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