Presentation on theme: "Privilege, Power and Difference"— Presentation transcript:
1Privilege, Power and Difference Think Paper #6 \Privilege, Power and DifferenceBy Allan G. JohnsonChapter 5/6
2Discuss what Johnson means by, “A Problem for Whom? Family relationshipsLiving up to “real men” imageFear of violenceTrue cross-gender friendshipp.64
3What is the Race trouble for whites? Enormous suffering caused by racismDiscomfort & fear around blacksDemonizing black men & boysNot being trustedMoral integrity, hypocrisy re: values of fairness, etc.
4Who is really affected by the “isms” (racism, sexism, ageism, Everybody! They affect more than women, homosexuals, racial & ethnic minorities.Because it’s impossible tolive in a world that generates so much trouble, injustice & suffering without being touched by it. (p67)
5Culture of denial and neglect that permeates society as a whole. How does the trouble around difference affect organizations, communities and society as a whole?DenialObliviousCrisis & scandalCulture of denial and neglect that permeates society as a whole.
6Why don’t dominant groups see privilege as a problem? (p74) B/C they don’t know it exists in the first place.Because they don’t have toBecause the think its just a personal problemB/C they want to hang on to their privilegeBecause they’re prejudiced-racist, heterosexist, classistBecause they are afraid
7We need a third choice (p82) What two strategies are most often used to try engaging CEOs and others in positions of privilege?Appeal to sense of fairness and decency or their good will toward those less fortunateThe business case – soscially responsible, organizations work better, raises morale, productivity and lowers costly turnovers, protects agains lawsuits, etc.We need a third choice (p82)
8What is the myth that everything is somebody’s fault? Individualism & individualistic thinkingSociety encourages us to think that the social world begins and ends with individuals.This is a narrow and distorted view of reality.The social world consists of a lot more than individuals, we are always participating in something larger than ourselves - social systems, more than a collection of people.
9Define the “path of least resistance”? Systems load the odds in certain directions for us to follow that are far more appealingIt’s the only one we seeIt’s more comfortableIt’s less scaryWe do what we are told to doWe smile, laugh or remain silent
10What is the “social system” that drives privilege, power and difference? We are connected to each other through a dynamid relationship.Patterns of oppression & privilege are rooted in systems that we all participate in and make happen.These patterns are built into paths of least resistance that we are drawn to follow every day.
11Privilege, Power & Difference As long as we participate in social systems, we don’t get to choose whether to be involved in the consequences they produce. We’re involved simply through the fact that we’re here. As such, we can only choose HOW to be involved, whether to be just part of the problem or also to be part of the solution. That’s where our power lies, and also our responsibility.
12How do systems of privilege work? 10. What does it mean to be involved in Privilege and Oppression? Pg 96)Through social systems and how individuals participate in them.Systems organized around privilege have three key characteristics: They are dominated by PG, identified with PG and centered on PG“members of PG are superior, thus deserving
13DominancePositions of power tend to be occupied by members of that group in ways that make it seem natural and normal.Consider the “Iron Lady” Margaret ThatcherMale dominance … describes a patriarchal system that both men and women participate in…gendered patterns of unequal power and paths of least resistance for men & women that support those patterns. p99
14Dominance (cont.)Patterns of dominance and the paths of least resistance that sustain them show up in every system of privilege.White dominance is reflected in an unequal racial balance of power in society and its institutions.
15Identified with Privilege Consider, “It’s a man’s world”, It’s a “White world”, or a “Straight world”.Privileged groups are usually taken as the standard of comparison that represents the best that society has to offer.Because privileged groups are assumed to represent society as a whole, “American” is culturally defined as white, despite diversity.
16Identified with Privilege (cont.) White identification means rarely if ever being identified as white, which is assumed.However, racial tags are common for everyone else, i.e. black physician, Asian actor, etc.There are NO words that culturally associate women with a valued quality of human relation in the way that fellow and fellowship do for men.
17Privilege at the Center Systems of privilege center on dominant groups, thus Black, Latino and female students are usually “invisible”.The well traveled path of least resistance makes invisibility a key part of the devaluing that lies at the heart of privilege & oppression.Marginalized groups cope by creating their own social systems.
18The ISMSRacism is the patterns of privilege and oppression themselves and anything- intentional or not- that helps to create or perpetuate those patterns. If we extend this to other forms of privilege, then sexism and heterosexism are also more than personal expressions of hostility or prejudice, but include everything that people do or don’t do that promotes male privilege and hetero priv.
19The ISMS (cont.)It’s not what people do or say but what they don’t. The Power of silence to promote privilege and oppression.Silence & not looking, or asking are in effect just as racist or sexists or heterosexist because oppression depends on them in order to continue.What counts isn’t just what they do, but even more what they don’t do.
20The ISMS and USdoesn’t mean that white people are consciously racist or that men are intentionally sexist, or that heterosexuals are overtly heterosexist. It does mean that there isn’t a single white person or man or heterosexual who doesn’t have these issue to deal with inside and in relation to the world around them. This is their legacy, handed to them when they were children…pg116