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Racism: Majority and Minority Identity Development Social Psychology.

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1 Racism: Majority and Minority Identity Development Social Psychology

2 I. Definition A.Racism = Discrimination + power Discussion Question: How do people w/ racist beliefs have power? B.Racism is the routine, institutionalized mistreatment of a person based on his/her membership in a group on the downside of power.

3 II. Effects of Racism A.Economic--keep demands for higher wages & better working conditions down. B. Social--segregation, leading to ignorance between groups of people. C.Political--fragmentation, which leads to the impairment of acting in unison for the better good. D.Personal--ignorance & fear leads to limitations in personal choice & personal growth.

4 III. Group formation A.Two groups form with any type of discrimination: 1.Majority – the larger group or the group with more power 2.Minority – the smaller group or the group with less power

5 IV. Minority Identity Development Model A.PRE-ENCOUNTER STAGE –programmed to think of the world as non-minority or anti-minority –act in ways that devalue their minority development –Ex: forceful / violent demonstration of power ( Black Power movement) B.ENCOUNTER STAGE –gain awareness of being a minority –begin to validate themselves in terms of minority identity.

6 C. IMMERSION STAGE –reject all non-minority values –fully immerse themselves in minority culture –Ex: only associate w/ other minorities and support other minorities. D. INTERNALIZATION STAGE –develop a secure and self-confident minority identity –comfortable expressing preferences and interests for experiences from non-minority cultures –Ex: Step away from exclusive minority groups and embrace all groups

7 V. Majority Identity Development Model A.PRE-EXPOSURE STAGE –Little thought to multicultural issues & role as a majority group member in a racist and oppressive society. –Ex: never considered the issues minority groups face or don’t consider it a problem

8 B. EXPOSURE STAGE –confronted with the realities of racism & prejudice –forced to examine own role as a majority group member –Anger and guilt arise. Anger due to feeling convinced society was accepting Guilt due to naivety and membership in racist society

9 C. ZEALOT-DEFENSIVE STAGE One of two reactions: 1. Become active in minority causes –Reacting to guilt –Ex: reading literature or joining groups that promote minority causes 2. Become defensive of majority view –Attempt to connect with majority for support –Ex: “that minority group is overreacting, they already get too much or are paid too much attention to”

10 D. INTEGRATION STAGE –overly strong feelings of the Zealot- Defensive Stage subside –more balanced view takes its place –deeper appreciation of one's own culture –secure, self-confident identity –appreciation of other cultures

11 Allophilia

12 Allport’s Scale Antilocution (hate speech) Avoidance Discrimination Physical Attack Extermination


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