Presentation on theme: "Racism: Majority and Minority Identity Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Racism: Majority and Minority Identity Development Social Psychology
2 I. Definition Racism = Discrimination + power Discussion Question: How do people w/ racist beliefs have power?Racism is the routine, institutionalized mistreatment of a person based on his/her membership in a group on the downside of power.
3 II. Effects of RacismEconomic--keep demands for higher wages & better working conditions down.Social--segregation, leading to ignorance between groups of people.Political--fragmentation, which leads to the impairment of acting in unison for the better good.Personal--ignorance & fear leads to limitations in personal choice & personal growth.
4 III. Group formation Two groups form with any type of discrimination: Majority – the larger group or the group with more powerMinority – the smaller group or the group with less power
5 IV. Minority Identity Development Model PRE-ENCOUNTER STAGEprogrammed to think of the world as non-minority or anti-minorityact in ways that devalue their minority developmentEx: forceful / violent demonstration of power ( Black Power movement)ENCOUNTER STAGEgain awareness of being a minoritybegin to validate themselves in terms of minority identity.
6 D. INTERNALIZATION STAGE C. IMMERSION STAGEreject all non-minority valuesfully immerse themselves in minority cultureEx: only associate w/ other minorities and support other minorities.D. INTERNALIZATION STAGEdevelop a secure and self-confident minority identitycomfortable expressing preferences and interests for experiences from non-minority culturesEx: Step away from exclusive minority groups and embrace all groups
7 V. Majority Identity Development Model PRE-EXPOSURE STAGELittle thought to multicultural issues & role as a majority group member in a racist and oppressive society.Ex: never considered the issues minority groups face or don’t consider it a problem
8 B. EXPOSURE STAGE confronted with the realities of racism & prejudice forced to examine own role as a majority group memberAnger and guilt arise.Anger due to feeling convinced society was acceptingGuilt due to naivety and membership in racist society
9 C. ZEALOT-DEFENSIVE STAGE One of two reactions: 1. Become active in minority causesReacting to guiltEx: reading literature or joining groups that promote minority causes2. Become defensive of majority viewAttempt to connect with majority for supportEx: “that minority group is overreacting, they already get too much or are paid too much attention to”
10 D. INTEGRATION STAGEoverly strong feelings of the Zealot- Defensive Stage subsidemore balanced view takes its placedeeper appreciation of one's own culturesecure, self-confident identityappreciation of other cultures