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Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY STRUCTURAL RACISM RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY Response to STRUCTURAL.

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Presentation on theme: "Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY STRUCTURAL RACISM RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY Response to STRUCTURAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY STRUCTURAL RACISM RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY Response to STRUCTURAL RACISM Lois J. Carson Don Mathis

2 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Ford Foundation funded by the Ford Foundation Participating Agencies Georgia California RACIAL EQUITY AND ECONOMIC SECURITY New York Action for a Better Community Rochester, NY New Mexico Community Action New Mexico Albuquerque, NM (statewide project) Wisconsin Social Development Commission Milwaukee, WI Fulton Atlanta Community Action Authority Atlanta, GA Florida Northeast Florida Community Action Agency Jacksonville, FL Mississippi Bolivar County Community Action Program Cleveland, MS Kentucky Community Action Council for Lexington-Fayette, Bourbon, Harrison and Nicholas Counties Lexington, KY Community Action Partnership of Riverside County Riverside, CA

3 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change STRUCTURAL RACISM

4 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Disparate Outcomes Poverty Poverty Level for family of 4: $18,100 (US Dept of HHS, 2002)

5 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Disparate outcomes Educational Attainment Source: The Education Trust, 2002

6 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Justice System Adult Population and Proportion Incarcerated in State and Federal Prisons, 2002 Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. “Prisoners in 2002” U.S. Department of Justice, July 2003; U.S. Census Bureau. Disparate Outcomes

7 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Why are “race” and “racism” such difficult issues to grasp and deal with? We often fail to acknowledge the ways that RACE has been a fundamental axis of social organization in the US We often prefer to address symptoms rather than the roots of social problems We are generally more comfortable discussing issues of Class and Gender They resonate with our deeply held beliefs about “success” and “failure” We are still struggling over the meanings of race and equality We are often reluctant to acknowledge the legacies of race

8 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change What is race and how do we understand it? Social construct No biological or scientific basis behind it Best understood in social and political terms

9 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Leaders who work on racial equity need… A language to talk about race A framework for understanding how race and ethnicity operate in modern America (post-civil rights legislation) New ideas and strategies for reducing racial inequities in key opportunity domains and promoting racial equity

10 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change New Language We need to identify and talk about: The ongoing advantages associated with being" white” – sometimes referred to as a white privilege and The ongoing disadvantages associated with being a person of “color”—which we refer to as structural racism

11 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Common explanations of entrenched racial and/or ethnic disparity Structural Institutional Individual How is Structural Racism Different?

12 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Racism at the individual or inter-group level: Personal prejudice Racial slurs, the n-word Inter-group tensions Diversity and multi-culturalism Cultural competence …these are important, and these personal attitudes and beliefs color decision-making and actions

13 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change The bigger problem … Racism at the institutional and structural levels

14 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Environment Health Housing Education Employment Criminal Justice Institutional Racism

15 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Institutional Racism For example: Discriminatory practices (whether intentional or not) Racial profiling Redlining or “steering” Occupational segregation

16 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Environment Health Housing Education Employment Criminal Justice Institutional Racism: A Systems Perspective

17 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change It describes the complex ways that history, public policies, institutional practices and cultural representations (e.g., stereotypes, norms) interact to maintain racial hierarchy and inequitable racial group outcomes; thereby allowing privileges associated with “whiteness” and disadvantages associated with “color” to endure and adapt. What is Structural Racism ?

18 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Environment Health Housing Education Employment Criminal Justice Structural Racism

19 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Internalized White Privilege “…an invisible package of unearned assets which I can count on cashing in each day, but about which I was meant to remain oblivious….” Peggy Macintosh, “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.”

20 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Contents of the Knapsack: I can if I wish arrange to be in the company of people of my race most of the time. If I should need to move, I can be pretty sure of renting or purchasing housing in an area which I can afford and in which I would want to live, and I can be pretty sure that my neighbors will be neutral or pleasant to me. I can go shopping alone most of the time, pretty well assured that I will not be followed or harassed. I can turn on the television or open to the front page of the paper and see people of my race widely represented. If a traffic cop pulls me over or if the IRS audits my tax return, I can be sure I haven't been singled out because of my race.

21 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Contents of the Knapsack: I do not have to educate my children to be aware of systemic racism for their own daily physical protection. I am never asked to speak for all the people of my racial group. I can worry about racism without being seen as self-interested or self- seeking. I can take a job with an affirmative action employer without having my co-workers on the job suspect that I got it because of my race. If my day, week or year is going badly, I need not ask of each negative episode or situation whether it had racial overtones. I will feel welcomed and "normal" in the usual walks of public life, institutional and social. If I have low credibility as a leader I can be sure that my race is not the problem.

22 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change It means four types of changes in the way we work: Internal change Policy change Practice change Cultural/representational change What does the Structural Racism Framework mean for people who want to reduce inequalities?

23 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change “Internal” change, accepting and establishing racial equity as a central tenet and operating principle in our work to improve outcomes for youth and in our internal work environment…for example Focus not just on improving outcomes for all but also on reducing racial gaps Focus not just on diversity in the workplace, but also on racial equity in opportunities for advancement and leadership What does the Structural Racism Framework mean for people who want to reduce inequalities?

24 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change “Policy” change, working on the fundamental rules of the game within your organization and your field, and not shrinking from challenging traditional power bases and networks For example: focus on the fundamental distribution of resources in terms of money, infrastructure, opportunities within your organization and outside your organization by examining its programs and alliances What does the Structural Racism Framework mean for people who want to reduce inequalities?

25 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change “Practice” change, focusing carefully on all of the ways in which standard practices reproduce – or fail to counteract – racially disparate outcomes For example by critically examining informal practices within your organization and their impact on racial and ethnic minorities (e.g., mentoring, access to positions which lead to leadership opportunities, visibility etc.) What does the Structural Racism Framework mean for people who want to reduce inequalities?

26 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change “Cultural” or “representational” change, reframing and changing stereotypical messages, images and interpretations of information about people of color For example, by challenging the assumptions that employees, board members, policymakers, and the citizens of our communities, and other key actors bring to discussions about people of color because these assumptions “frame” how problems are perceived and how solutions are developed What does the Structural Racism Framework mean for people who want to reduce inequalities?

27 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change END

28 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change Riverside County REES Project

29 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change SUB-COMMITTEES POLICY ADVISORY to establish the rules of engagement for the “Big View” Meetings and Community Dialogues TECHNICAL ADVISORY to eliminate Racial Disparity in the provision and access to Quality Child Care

30 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change BIG VIEW MEETINGS Human Rights Commission Human Relations CouncilHuman Relations Commission City of Palm Springs of City of Riverside Hemet- San Jacinto-Menifee May 15 TBA TBA To be followed with dialogues at Colleges/Universities, In Churches and other Venues

31 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change 1.LET US TREAT EVERYONE WITH RESPECT 2.LET US KEEP AN OPEN MIND 3.LET US SEARCH FOR CONSENSUS 4.LET US NOT INTERRUPT OTHERS 5.LET US STRIVE FOR HONESTY 6.LET US REFRAIN FROM PERSONAL ATTACKS 7.LET US SHARE PERSONAL STORIES FOR ENLIGHTENMENT 8.LET US SEARCH FOR NEW WAYS TO DISCUSS RACE INTELLECTUALLY 9.LET US RECRUIT GROUPS TO HOST A BIG VIEW MEETING 1.LET US TREAT EVERYONE WITH RESPECT 2.LET US KEEP AN OPEN MIND 3.LET US SEARCH FOR CONSENSUS 4.LET US NOT INTERRUPT OTHERS 5.LET US STRIVE FOR HONESTY 6.LET US REFRAIN FROM PERSONAL ATTACKS 7.LET US SHARE PERSONAL STORIES FOR ENLIGHTENMENT 8.LET US SEARCH FOR NEW WAYS TO DISCUSS RACE INTELLECTUALLY 9.LET US RECRUIT GROUPS TO HOST A BIG VIEW MEETING

32 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change STRUCTURAL RACISM Racial Equity and Economic Security D escribe Structural Racism in their own words and would help to make them more confident about sharing their knowledge. Question for Round Table Discussion


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