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AMERICANIZATION AND CANADIAN NATIONALISM AFTER WORLD WAR 1 BRITAIN WAS WEAKENED ECONOMICALLY AND HAD TO DEVALUE THE POUND THE UNITED STATES EXPERIENCED.

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Presentation on theme: "AMERICANIZATION AND CANADIAN NATIONALISM AFTER WORLD WAR 1 BRITAIN WAS WEAKENED ECONOMICALLY AND HAD TO DEVALUE THE POUND THE UNITED STATES EXPERIENCED."— Presentation transcript:

1 AMERICANIZATION AND CANADIAN NATIONALISM AFTER WORLD WAR 1 BRITAIN WAS WEAKENED ECONOMICALLY AND HAD TO DEVALUE THE POUND THE UNITED STATES EXPERIENCED A BOOM AND INCREASED THE VALUE OF THEIR DOLLAR AMERICAN INVESTMENT OVERTOOK BRITISH AS THE SOURCE OF FOREIGN MONEY IN CANADA –AMERICAN INVESTORS WANTED TO BUY SHARES AND CONTROL IN COMPANIES WHILE BRITISH HAD PREFERRED AN ARMS LENGTH RELATIONSHIP WITH BONDS IN 1923 CANADIAN EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES WERE GREATER THAN THOSE TO BRITAIN $ £

2 BY 1925 CANADIAN BUSINESS IS EXPERIENCED A REBOUND FROM THE POST-WAR ADJUSTMENTS AMERICAN PROTECTIONISM EASED –PRICES FOR MANY CANADIAN STAPLES INCREASED WHEAT PULP & PAPER MINERALS LUMBER CANADIAN PLANTS PRODUCED AUTOMOBILES BOTH AS BRANCH PLANTS AND INDEPENDENTLY –BY 1930, ¾ OF CANADIAN AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION WAS THROUGH AMERICAN COMPANIES BRANCH PLANTSWERE BECOMING COMMON 1908 MCLAUGHLIN MADE IN OSHAWA

3 CANADIAN CULTURE BLOSSOMED IN THE DECADE AFTER THE WAR BUT FACED AMERICAN PRESSURE WHEN IT EXISTED IN A COMMERCIAL FORMAT –DISTINCTIVE CANADIAN ART FROM THE GROUP OF 7 IN CENTRAL CANADA AND EMILY CARR IN B.C. UKRANIAN FARMER IN ALBERTA 1907 A RUSHING SEA OF UNDERGROWTH – BY EMILY CARR HILLTOPS – BY FRANK CARMICHAEL

4 CANADIAN MOVIE INDUSTRY STARTED OUT STRONG BUT WAS QUICKLY ECLIPSED BY HOLLYWOOD –BY 1929 THE TOP 5 AMERICAN STUDIOS MADE 90% OF ALL FEATURE FILMS –SOME MOVIES WERE MADE ABOUT CANADA BUT RARELY WERE SHOT HERE CANADIAN RADIO STARTED EARLY WITH CFCF MONTREAL IN 1920 AND 60 STATIONS BY 1930 –CANADIAN PROGRAMMING CONSISTED OF NEWS, LECTURES & RECORDED MUSIC –AMERICAN RADIO PRODUCED COMEDY, DRAMA & LIVE VARIETY SHOWS THAT CANADIAN STATIONS ALSO BROADCAST –1928 THE AIRD COMMISSION REVIEWED PUBLIC BROADCASTING, RECOMMENDING A PUBLIC MONOPOLY –CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION (CBC) WAS FORMED IN 1932 CANADIAN MARY PICKFORD MOVED TO HOLLYWOOD AND BECAME “AMERICA’S SWEETHEART”

5 HOCKEY AND FOOTBALL BECAME INCREASINGLY PROFESSIONAL –AFTER MERGERS AND COLLAPSE THERE WAS ONLY ONE MAJOR PROFESSIONAL LEAGUE – THE NHL WITH 5 TEAMS EACH FROM CANADA IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1927 –BY THE END OF THE DECADE THERE WERE JUST 2 CANADIAN TEAMS TO THE AMERICAN 4 DANCE CRAZES OF THE 1920s FOLLOWED AMERICAN TRENDS –FOX-TROT, CHARLESTON MUSIC FOLLOWED AMERICAN TRENDS WITH RADIO AND THE PHONOGRAPH BRINGING MUSIC TO MORE PEOPLE THE LAST NON-NHL TEAM TO WIN THE STANLEY CUP WAS THE VICTORIA COUGARS IN


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