Presentation on theme: "Leaf and Tree Finder. Red Hickory (Carya ovalis)"— Presentation transcript:
Leaf and Tree Finder
Red Hickory (Carya ovalis)
Red Hickory – Hickory wood is often used in the creation of sporting goods--for example, in the shafts of golf clubs, tennis racquets, or even baseball and softball bats. In addition, hickory is often used to form the handles of "striking-tools," such as hammers, picks, et cetera. Finally, hickory can be used as a plywood face or veneer--and recently, rustic hickory has become more and more in demand as "distressed" hardwood flooring has increased in popularity.
Black Willow (Salix nigra) Black willow roots are very bitter, and have been used as a substitute for quinine in the past. Ethnobotanical uses of black willow by various Native American tribes include basketry, and treatment of fever, headache, and coughs. The bark of the tree contains salicylic acid, a chemical compound similar to aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid).quinine salicylic acid aspirin
River Birch (Betula nigra) Native AmericansNative Americans used the boiled sap as a sweetener similar to maple syrup, and the inner bark as a survival food. It is usually too contorted and knotty to be of value as a timber tree.sap sweetenermaple syruptimber
Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Green Ash is one of the most widely planted ornamental trees throughout the United States. It is very popular, used in making electric guitars because it can be somewhat lighter than white ash without sacrificing too much in tone. ornamental treesUnited Stateselectric guitars
American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Humans use American Sycamore wood for many uses, including furniture, flooring, butchers' blocks, particle board, boxes, crates, and baskets.
White Oak (Quercus alba) White Oak is used for barrels. The USS Constitution is made of White Oak.
White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla)
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
Red Maple (Acer rubrum) The wood of red maple is soft and may be used for smaller materials such as clothes hangers, clothespins, box veneer, interior finish, and some types of furniture.
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana) Eastern Redcedars are used by people in many ways. The wood of this tree is very attractive, and workable, so it is used for fenceposts, poles, paneling, furniture, woodenware, pencils, bedding for pets, and chests. It has some insect-repelling properties, so it is used to help repel clothes moths. Shavings are put into closets, or liners.
Yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) The wood is light, soft, easily worked, with wide cream-colored sapwood and greenish- yellow heartwood. It is used for lumber, trim, veneers, flake and chip boards, plywood, core stock of furniture, paper pulp and fuel. Sprouts and buds are a major food of deer, and birds and squirrels eat the seeds. The flowers are an important nectar source for honey production.
Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) The tree branches pruned during the fall season (after the leaves have fallen) are cut and used to make durable baskets supporting agriculture and animal husbandry.
Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black gum wood is heavy, strong, and soft. It is used for furniture, lumber pulp, gunstocks, and flooring. Because of its brilliant autumn color, it is sometimes planted as an ornamental. The flowers are the source of a honey.
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) Loblolly Pine is the most important and widely cultivated timber species in the southern United States. Because it grows rapidly on a wide range of sites, it is extensively planted for lumber and pulpwood.
Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) The fruit of Prunus serotina is suitable for making jam and cherry piesThe wood of P. serotina is also used for cooking and smoking foods, where it imparts a unique flavor.jam cherry piessmoking
Water Oak (Quercus nigra) Water Oak has been used for timber and for fuel by people in the southern states since the 17th century. The wood is generally sold as "red oak", mixed with the wood from other red oaks. fuel
Post Oak (Quercus stelleta) The wood of post oak, commercially called white oak, is classified as moderately to very resistant to decay (16). It is used for railroad ties, lathing, siding, planks, construction timbers, mine timbers, trim molding, stair risers and treads, flooring (its highest volume finished products), fenceposts, pulp, veneer, particle boards, and fuel. The bark provides tannin, decorative and protective mulch in landscaping, and fuel.
American Elder (Sambucus canadensis) Only the blue or purple berries of elderberry are edible. Edible berries and flower are used for medicine, dyes for basketry, arrow shafts, flute, whistles, clapper sticks, and folk medicine.
American Elm (Ulmus americana) The wood of American elm is moderately heavy, hard, and stiff. It has interlocked grain and is difficult to split, which is an advantage for its use as hockey sticks and where bending is needed. It is used principally for furniture, hardwood dimension, flooring, construction and mining timbers, and sheet metal work. Some elm wood goes into veneer for making boxes, crates, and baskets, and a small quantity is used for pulp and paper manufacture.