Presentation on theme: "an olden days for dental treatment., they used needle-nose pliers designed by fauchard in the late 17 th century to use in prosthodontics.. The first."— Presentation transcript:
an olden days for dental treatment., they used needle-nose pliers designed by fauchard in the late 17 th century to use in prosthodontics.. The first book focused solely on densitry was the artzney buchlein in 1530 and the first called operator for the teeth by Charles allen in 1685.
Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial area.
1: Crown 2: Root 3: enamel 4: dentin & 4: dentin & dentin tubules 5: pulp chamber 6: blood vessels and nerve 7: periodontal ligament 7: periodontal ligament 8: apex and periapical region 9: alveolar bone
Do AND Don’ts of oral hyigene a new born child should visit the doctor in 6 months of birth or before the 1 st birthday of the child. AAPD (American academy of pediatrics dentistry) has said that its is important to establish a comprhensive and accessiable on goin relationship between the dentist and patience. Every 3 moths once change the tooth brush and visit the dentist. Go under proprer treatment. Gourgle your mouyh after eating sweets. Promote the dental health of children as serve as educational resource for parents
The majority of dental treatments are carried out to prevent or treat the two most common oral diseases which are dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease (gum disease or pyorrhea). Common treatments involve the restoration of teeth, extraction or surgical removal of teeth, scaling and root planing and endodontic root canal treatment.oral diseasesdental cariesperiodontal diseaserestoration of teethextractionscaling root canal Dentists also encourage prevention of oral diseases through proper hygiene and regular, twice yearly, checkups for professional cleaning and evaluation. Conditions in the oral cavity may be indicative of systemic diseases such as osteoporosis, diabetes, or cancer. Many studies have also shown that gum disease is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and preterm birth. hygieneosteoporosisdiabetes cancergum diseaseheart disease preterm birth
Special needs dentistry (also called special care dentistry)Special needs dentistry Veterinary dentistry, ( veterinary medicine )Veterinary dentistry veterinary medicine Pediatric dentistry (also called pedodontics)Pediatric dentistry Geriatric dentistry etc….Geriatric dentistry Endodontics (also called endodontology)Endodontics Oral and maxillofacial pathologyOral and maxillofacial pathology Oral and maxillofacial radiologyOral and maxillofacial radiology Prosthodontics (prosthetic dentisty)Prosthodontics r
Endodontic(surgery involing the pulp or root of the tooth) 1.Root canal * Pulpectomy(the opening of the pulp chamber of the tooth to allow an infection to drain..,usally a precursor to a root canal * pulpectomy(the removal of the pulp from the pulp chamber to temporarily relieve pain..,usally a precursor to a root canal 2. Apicoectomy * A root canal alone will not be enough to relieve pain & the tooth, called the apex,will be removed by entering through the gingiva & surgically extracting the diseased material.
It include crowns., veneers., bridges., implants., dentures Crowns (tooth must be reshaped to accommodate these these fixed restorations) Veneers (aesthetic purpose only) Bridges ( replace a missing tooth or teeth) Implants ( artificial tooth) Dentures (false teeth)
Ertraction (this can be done under local or general anesthesia & very common) apiectomy ( treatment as part of the underlying bone structure must be done) Fiberotomy (a procedure to severe the fibers around a tooth,preventing it from relapsing
The French surgeon Pierre Fauchard became known as the "father of modern dentistry". Despite the limitations of the primitive surgical instruments during the late 17th and early 18th century, Fauchard was a highly skilled surgeon who made remarkable improvisations of dental instruments, often adapting tools from watch makers, jewelers and even barbers, that he thought could be used in dentistry. He introduced dental fillings as treatment for dental cavities. He asserted that sugar derivate acids like tartaric acid were responsible for dental decay, and also suggested that tumors surrounding the teeth, in the gums, could appear in the later stages of tooth decay.Pierre Fauchardsurgeonwatch makersjewelersbarbersdental fillingsdental cavitiessugar tartaric aciddental decaygums
What is Cancer? Division – uncontrolled cell division Growth – formation of a lump (tumour) or large numbers of abnormal white cells in the blood Mutation – changes to how the cell is viewed by the immune system Spread – ability to move within the body and survive in another part
Lung Breast Colon/Rectum Stomach Liver Prostate Cervix uteri Oesophagus Bladder Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukaemia Oral cavity Pancreas Kidney Ovary Men Women From: D.M. Parkin The Lancet Oncology 2: (2001) (Thousands) Incidence Mortality million cases 3.5 million deaths 4.7 million cases 2.7 million deaths The Global Burden of Cancer
Types of Cancer Carcinomas Sarcomas Lymphomas Leukaemias Adenomas
What are the differences in the features of normal and cancer cells?
What causes cancer?
Smoking Single biggest cause of cancer 25-40% smokers die in middle age
To Avoid Cancer 2. Avoid exposure to other known carcinogens, including aflatoxin, asbestos and UV light. 4. Eat fresh fruit and vegetables several times a day. 5. Be physically active and avoid obesity. 6. Have vaccination against, or early detection/treatment of, cancer causing chronic infections. 7. Have the right genes. 3. Enjoy a healthy diet, moderate in calories, salt and fat, and low in alcohol. 1. Don’t smoke
Summary Cancer is a disease of Division, growth and spread It has a number of causes many of them preventable The survival of the patient is determined by the stage of the disease, the earlier the detection or the smaller the tumour the better the survival
How teeth is affected when cancer is there??? If a patient has cancer in any part of the body they undergo radiation treatment which is very harmful and passes harmful rays which will affect the mouth by germs so they may causes decay to the tooth….! Cancer people usualy get ulcer. If it comes in mouth they wont be able to brush properly which may cause damage to the tooth. If we eat beetal leaves it may cause cancer and harm the teeth
Done By Seven wonders of the world…! Tharun Om Yogesh Devendra Shloka Palak vishaka