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Introduction to Natural History Master Naturalist Program University of Maryland Extension Author: Sylvan Kaufman.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Natural History Master Naturalist Program University of Maryland Extension Author: Sylvan Kaufman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Natural History Master Naturalist Program University of Maryland Extension Author: Sylvan Kaufman

2 What is Natural History? The study of the natural world – Plants, animals, rocks, planets, weather, … Illustration from Mark Catesby’s Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands

3 Geology The Earth’s physical structure Sideling Hill Photo by Paul Breeding,

4 Formation and Structure of the Earth

5 Movement of Continents

6 Plate Tectonics

7 Formation of the Appalachians on=com_content&view=article&id=63&Itemid=83

8 Types of Rocks Igneous – from volcanic activity Sedimentary – from erosion, deposition Metamorphic – from heat and/or pressure

9 Maryland’s Physiographic Provinces

10 Geologic Time ul/1393/images/fig59.jpg

11 Important Events for Maryland Formation of Earth 4.56 bya one-celled organisms Chesapeake Bay bolide lands Insects, mollusks, fish, amphibians, primitive plants Pangaea forms 3.5 bya1.8bya500 mya oxygen increasing in atmosphere Precambrian 3.5-1bya Paleozoic mya 230mya35 mya Mesozoic mya Pangaea breaks apart Dinosaurs, birds, first mammals, seed plants Cenozoic 65 mya - present North America splits from Laurasia 65mya Mammals dominate on land ya2mya Glaciation periods, spruce forests, tundra, grasslands End of Wisconsin glaciation Appalachians forming 50mya Extinction of dinosaurs 10000ya Humans settle eastern North America Chesapeake Bay forms (not to scale)

12 Atmosphere

13 Climate

14 Historic climate change Image from:

15 Recent climate change

16 Future climate change Warmer winters and summers Wetter autumns and springs, drier summers Increase in storm severity Sea level rise

17 Weather

18 Maryland Watersheds

19 Chesapeake Bay

20 Formation of Dead Zones

21 Native Americans in Maryland Paleo Indians Archaic period Woodland Period

22 Human Population Growth Year Population

23 Hydrological Cycle

24 Soils Figure from:

25 Industrial Mining Mine tailings in the Savage River Image from Limestone quarry in Cockeysville, MD

26 Forest Products Building lumber Shipping crates and pallets Shelves and furniture Chips for fuel pellets Mulch Pulp for paper planning/sfla/socioeconomic.htm

27 Wildlife – Hunting and Fishing Deer Black bear Rabbits Muskrats Squirrels Game birds Waterfowl Fish Shellfish Image from: news.maryland.gov

28 Loss of Habitat

29 Skills for Naturalists Observation Recording Research Reporting Nature journal page from Margan Glover, used with permission from the author.

30 Famous Maryland Naturalists – You could be next! Rachel Carson Benjamin Banneker Chandler S. Robbins Mary Elizabeth Banning Charles Wilson Peale


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