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“Peking Man” – aka Homo erectus pekinensis – aka Sinanthropus Class Slides Set # 26A Tim Roufs’ section.

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Presentation on theme: "“Peking Man” – aka Homo erectus pekinensis – aka Sinanthropus Class Slides Set # 26A Tim Roufs’ section."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Peking Man” – aka Homo erectus pekinensis – aka Sinanthropus Class Slides Set # 26A Tim Roufs’ section

2 Time 23 July 2001

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4 Homo Genus Homo Species rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus –Java (Trinil) Pithecanthropus erectus –China (Beijing) Homo erectus pekinensis –Africa... –Europe... sapiens

5 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 238

6 Selected Major Discoveries / Events, ca Present "Peking Man" Choukoutien, China (now Zhoukoudian) Sinanthropus Homo erectus pekinensis mya 1920s

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8 Major Sites: China Choukoutien = Zhoukoudian ( Chou-kou-tien )

9 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 295

10 Zhoukoudian Cave. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 267

11 Homo erectus from Zhoukoudian Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225

12 Trinil Homo erectus from Zhoukoudian Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 227

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14 foraminia mentalia

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17 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Had larger cranial capacity cc avg. = 1075 Beijing people

18 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 317

19 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Had larger cranial capacity cc avg. = had fire Beijing people

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22 The First Men (Little Brown, 1973), p. 26

23 The First Men (Little Brown, 1973), p. 8

24 The First Men (Little Brown, 1973), p. 29

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30 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Had larger cranial capacity cc avg. = had fire 3.lived in caves Beijing people

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33 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Had larger cranial capacity cc avg. = had fire 3.lived in caves 4.had better tools Beijing people

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38 Chinese Tools from Middle Pleistocene sites. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 268 Quartzite chopper Flint point Flint Awl Graver or Burin

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40 Source: Campbell and Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed, p. 334 Movius Line

41 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Had larger cranial capacity cc avg. = had fire 3.lived in caves 4.had better tools 5.seemed inclined to eat their neighbor Beijing people

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46 Homo erectus pekinensis f2003 edit these out in favor of a separate file on cannibalism. Use ca-cannibalism.ppt Types of Cannibalism

47 Homo erectus pekinensis Survival Types of Cannibalism

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49 Homo erectus pekinensis Survival Gustatory Types of Cannibalism

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53 Cannibalism “ Bones Offer Evidence of a Neanderthal - Eat - Neanderthal World” Bones Offer Evidence of a Neanderthal - Eat - Neanderthal World 78 fragments from 6 skeletons ca. 100,000 ybp 30 September 1999 Moula-Gercy, France

54 (ABACNEWS.com/MagellanGeographix)

55 Fragment of a Neandertal Thigh bone (UCAL Berkeley / AP Photo)

56 Homo erectus pekinensis Survival Gustatory Ritualistic or Incorporative Types of Cannibalism

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58 Homo erectus Modern deposits and bones Sampoeng stratum (Neolithic) Ngandong stratum (Upper Pleistocene) Trinil stratum (Middle Pleistocene) Djetis stratum (Lower Pleistocene) Three or more strata (Pliocene) Java stratigraphy

59 Homo erectus pekinensis Beijing people were geographically isolated This shows up in...

60 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Mongoloid shovel-shaped incisors 2.taurodontism a.molars and premolars with enlarged pulp cavities extending downward into fused roots 3.mandibular torus a.heavy bony ridge on inside of lower jaw from canine to first molar on each side 4.extra foraminia mentalia a openings in lower jawbone through which pass the nerves and blood vessels

61 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Mongoloid shovel-shaped incisors

62 Shovel-shaped incisors, shown here in a modern Homo sapiens sapiens Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 263

63 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Mongoloid shovel-shaped incisors 2.taurodontism a.molars and premolars with enlarged pulp cavities extending downward into fused roots

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65 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Mongoloid shovel-shaped incisors 2.taurodontism a.molars and premolars with enlarged pulp cavities extending downward into fused roots 3.mandibular torus a.heavy bony ridge on inside of lower jaw from canine to first molar on each side

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67 Homo erectus pekinensis 1.Mongoloid shovel-shaped incisors 2.taurodontism a.molars and premolars with enlarged pulp cavities extending downward into fused roots 3.mandibular torus a.heavy bony ridge on inside of lower jaw from canine to first molar on each side 4.extra foraminia mentalia a openings in lower jawbone through which pass the nerves and blood vessels

68 Homo erectus pekinensis

69 Homo sapiens sapiens

70 Major Sites: China Lantian (Chenjiawo)

71 Homo erectus from Lantian (Chenjawo) Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225

72 Major Sites: China Hexian (Lontandong Cave)

73 Homo erectus from Hexian (Lontandong Cave) Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225

74 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 202.

75 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 203.

76 REM Homo erecti are hand axe people

77 Homo erectus in Africa Next:


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