Liver Function Carbohydrate metabolism Fat metabolism Protein metabolism Removal of drugs & hormones Excretion of bile Synthesis of bile salts Storage of vitamins, minerals and glycogen Phagocytosis of WBC’s and RBC’s Activation of vitamin D Removal of toxins (includes ammonia) Manufactures heparin
Bile Bile consists of water, bile salts, cholesterol, phospholipids, bile pigments and ions. Bile pigment consists of iron, globin, and bilirubin (from the heme). Iron and globin are recycled some bilirubin is excreted in bile.
Pancreas Islets of Langerhans produce insulin and glucagon Acini produce pancreatic juice – –Sodium bicarbonate –Amylase –Trypsin –Lipase –Ribonuclease –Deoxyribonuclease
Intestinal Juice Water and mucus Maltase, Sucrase and lactase Peptidase Ribonuclease Deoxyribonuclease Lactose intolerance = no lactase