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Sustainable Peatlands for People and Climate SPPCwww.wetlands.org A project implemented by Wetlands International, Deltares, University Gadja Mada, WI-Indonesia,

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Peatlands for People and Climate SPPCwww.wetlands.org A project implemented by Wetlands International, Deltares, University Gadja Mada, WI-Indonesia,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sustainable Peatlands for People and Climate SPPCwww.wetlands.org A project implemented by Wetlands International, Deltares, University Gadja Mada, WI-Indonesia, WI-Malaysia, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) NORAD financial support: NOK Presentation by Marcel Silvius Further information:

2 SPPC goal Enhanced awareness about the socio-economic, ecological and climate issues of unsustainable developments in tropical peat swamp forest landscapes; especially carbon emissions, land subsidence & related flooding issues and options for stopping and reversing this

3 Inside primary peat swamp forest (Belait peat swamp forest, Brunei)

4 Palm oil and pulp wood plantations: Major drivers of peatland degradation in SE Asia

5 Peatlands: Threatened carbon stores Peatlands store large amounts of carbon Peatland degradation leads to CO 2 emissions which contribute to global warming Current peatland degradation results in -6% of all global carbon emissions -25% of crop related emissions Rajang delta, Sarawak From Miettienen et al 2011

6 Indonesian peatlands: largest carbon source

7 Soil subsidence: The forgotten issue Subsidence: Drained peat compacts and then oxidates into the air  Result: flooding & salt water intrusion: loss of arable land CO 2

8 1.Prevent peatland degradation Conservation 2.Rewet drained peatlands Restoration 3.Paludiculture Sustainable economic development Priorities for achieving sustainable landscapes and reducing emissions Needed 4.Sustainable finance REDD+ / Carbon markets 5.Policy embedding Including safeguards for biodiversity & social issues

9 Main target groups Industry –Palm oil sector: RSPO –Pulp wood sector APKI, RAPP/APRIL, APP Governments of Indonesia & Malaysia -Central: relevant ministries, departments -Key peat provinces / states International platforms -UNFCCC, IPCC NGOs & Science sector -Local NGOs and universities New P&C on peat & GHG

10 SPPC key activities Strengthen science base on peat issues (subsidence, emissions) Develop science based information Target palm oil and pulp wood sectors to reduce and reverse their impacts on tropical peatlands Promote options for up-scaling of community-based approaches for sustainable management and rehabilitation of tropical peatlands Capacity building of NGOs/CSOs and key government agencies to understand and address peatland issues Promote investments in alternatives (e.g. Paludiculture) Review and strengthen national REDD+ policies, and stimulate private sector REDD+ investment target regional and global policy platforms (UNFCCC, CBD) and influential scientific and civil society platforms (IPCC, RSPO, IPS)

11 More information on We need to start a paradigm shift from unsustainable practices to Net Positive Impact


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