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Recent results and future prospects of the K bar NN search via the (K-,N) reaction at J-PARC F. Sakuma, RIKEN for the J-PARC E15 collaboration Results.

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Presentation on theme: "Recent results and future prospects of the K bar NN search via the (K-,N) reaction at J-PARC F. Sakuma, RIKEN for the J-PARC E15 collaboration Results."— Presentation transcript:

1 Recent results and future prospects of the K bar NN search via the (K-,N) reaction at J-PARC F. Sakuma, RIKEN for the J-PARC E15 collaboration Results of the E15 1 st physics run Future prospects of E15 Summary Achievements and Perspectives in Low-Energy QCD with Strangeness, ECT*, /27-31

2 Kaonic Nuclei Kaonic nucleus is a bound state of nucleus and anti-kaon (K bar NN, K bar NNN, K bar K bar NN,...) 2 Y.Akaishi & T.Yamazaki, PLB535, 70(2002). Density [1/fm 3 ] T.Yamazaki, A.Dote, Y.Akiaishi, PLB587, 167 (2004).

3 K - pp Bound State 3 A.Gal, NPA914(2013)270 K - pp : the simplest K bar -nuclear state All theoretical studies predict existence of the K - pp  However, B.E. and  are controversial Y.Ichikawa, EXA2014

4 Experimental Principle of E15 A search for the simplest kaonic nucleus, K - pp, using 3 He(in-flight K -,n) reaction 4 two-nucleon absorption hyperon decays CAN be discriminated kinematically

5 Experimental Setup 5 15m

6 E15 1 st Stage Physics-Run 6 ~1% of the approved proposal Production run of ~1% of the approved proposal was successfully performed in All detector systems worked well as designed. Primary-beam intensity Secondary-kaon intensity Duration Kaons on target (w/ tgt selection) March, 2013 (Run#47) 14.5 kW (18 Tppp, 6s) 80 k/spill30 h1.1 x 10 9 May, 2013 (Run#49c) 24 kW (30 Tppp, 6s) 140 k/spill88 h5.3 x 10 9 * production target: Au 50% loss, spill length: 2s, spill duty factor: ~45%, K/pi ratio: ~1/2 * ~70% of beam kaons hit the fiducial volume of 3 He target

7 Summary of E15 1 st 7 3 He(K -,n)X M.M. Formation Channel Semi-Inclusive 3 He(K -,n)X No significant bump structure in the deeply bound region Excess below the threshold attributed to 2NA of  *n? FINUDA/DISTO Decay Channel Exclusive 3 He(K -,  p)n Hint of the excess around the threshold Cannot be from 2NA of  *n (final state =  pn)  p I.M. of 3 He(K -,  p)n

8 Formation Channel, Semi-Inclusive 3 He(K -,n)X 8 T.Hashimoto et al., arXiv: , submitted to PLB

9 9 Semi-Inclusive Spectrum Quasi Elastic K He  K - + n + p s + p s d  /d   =0deg ~ 6mb/sr Charge-Exchange K He  K 0 + n + d s K 0   + +  - d  /d   =0deg ~ 11mb/sr and The tail structure is not due to “the detector resolution”

10 10 Background Evaluation evaluated using empty-target data 1/  distribution for  /n (Phys. BG) (Exp. BG)

11 11 Spectrum below the Threshold FINUDA/ DISTO No significant bump-structure in the deep-binding region Statistically significant excess just below the threshold

12 12 Comparison between E15 and Other Results M(K+p+p)  NE PRL94(2005) A(stopped K -,  p) PRL104(2010) p + p  (  + p) + K 2.85GeV

13 13 Comparison between E15 and Other Results d(  +, K + 1.7GeV/c EXA2014 conference M(K+p+p) Bump structure in the deep-binding region reported from other experiments was NOT seen in E15 Excess near the threshold can be seen only in E15

14 14 95% C.L. Assumptions K - pp   p decay mode (isotropic decay) K - pp shape = Breit-Wigner U.L. depends on the decay mode U.L. of the deeply-Bound K - pp K - pp   p CDS tagging eff.

15 15 U.L. of the deeply-Bound K - pp PLB728(2014)616  + d  K + +  GeV E15(K He): (UL) 0.5-5% of QF FINUDA(stopped K - ): ~0.1% of stopped K - DISTO(p+p): larger than  2.85GeV LEPS(  +d) (UL) % of  N  K +  - Y Upper limits (CS) can be directly compared with QF yield. 95% C.L. K - pp   p

16 16 Spectrum below the Threshold No significant bump-structure in the deep-binding region Statistically significant excess just below the threshold ?

17 Detector acceptance and all known K - N interactions are taken in to account: – Cross-section [ CERN-HERA ] – Fermi-motion – Angular distribution Simple assumptions: –  tot = 2*  K-p +  K-n (~150mb) 17 Excess = Elementary Processes? SIM The tail structure is NOT reproduced by well known processes would be attributed to the imaginary part of the attractive K bar N  Multi-NA? K - pp?  decay contributions DATA (BG subtracted)

18 18 Excess =  N,  NN, etc? Each process is simulated with unreasonably large CS of 100mb  contributions in the binding region are negligible

19 BW shape with PDG values 19 Excess =  * N, etc?  N/  N branches are negligibly small  (1405)n branch seems to reproduce the excess – need rather large CS of ~5mb/sr –  (1405) shape is controversial  careful quantitative analysis is required For further study, exclusive measurement of  N is important. CS of each process : 0 degrees (consistent with KEK-PS E548) “semi-inclusive measurement would distort the spectrum” by Magas et al., PRC81(2010)

20 20 Excess = Loosely-Bound K - pp? CDS tagging eff. K-pp? The excess is assumed to be fully attributed to the bound K - pp state d  /d  (  lab =0 o ) of the excess is ~ mb/sr  decay contributions DATA (BG subtracted) (Excess/QF < ~10%)

21 Comparison between E15 and Calc. 21 Koite, Harada, PRC80(2009) integrated CS: ~mb/sr Yamagata-Sekihara, et al., PRC80(2009) integrated CS: ~0.1 mb/sr CS is roughly consistent with KH Loosely-bound K-pp state ???  N measurement is an important key DATA (BG subtracted) DATA (BG subtracted) semi-inclusive inclusive

22 Decay Channel, Exclusive 3 He(K -,  p)n 22

23 Exclusive 3 He(K -,  p)n events K -3 He   (  0 )pn events can be identified exclusively – # of  (  0 )pn events: ~190  0 pn contamination: ~20% 23 n 1GeV/c K - beam p  p missing n  CDS

24 Dalitz plot 24 Observed events seem to be scattered widely in the phase-space of K He->  +p+n 3NA: e.g. K -3 He   pn

25 K - pp form.: K -3 He  (K - pp)n, K - pp   p 2NA: e.g. K -3 He   pn s Dalitz plot 25 2NA+2step: e.g. K -3 He    pn s,  0 n s   n 2NA+2step: e.g. K -3 He    np s,  0 p s   p 2NA+2step: e.g. K -3 He   pn s,  pn s  pn

26 K-induced vs  -induced 26 [1] D. Gotta, et al., PRC (1995) [2] P. Weber et al., NPA (1989) [3] G. Backenstoss et al., PRL (1985)   stopped [1] – 2nucleon absorption &FSI (50%/  stopped ) are clearly seen – 3nucleon absorption <3% /  stopped   in-flight [2],[3] – 2nucleon absorption 0.85 ± 0.17mb (266 MeV/c) – 3nucleon absorption 3.7 ± 0.6 mb(220 MeV/c) – 3NA/2NA ~ 4 in-flight K stopped  Data suggests that 3NA reactions are dominant?

27  p Invariant Mass 27 SIM 2NA K-pp B.E = 50MeV  = 50MeV 3NA Excess around the threshold? Further study is ongoing, such as contribution from 2NA+2step. 0p0p pp FS =  (   ) pn  cannot be from 2NA of  *n

28 28 ~190 events total CS : ~200  b – when phase-space distributions are assumed Excess around the threshold? IM(  p) (~ 0.1% of total cross section of K -3 He) IM(  n) Comparison with Phase-Space

29 data cannot be reproduced by the phase-space? Comparison with Phase-Space 29 cos(  p)cos(  n) pp p pnpn

30 Formation + Decay Channel, Kinematically Complete 3 He(K -,  pn) 30

31 Kinematically-complete measurement of 3 He(K -,  pn) Minimum momentum transfer of the 3 He(K -,n) reaction  would enhance the S=-1 di-baryon production More beam time is required 31 only ~15 events

32 Future Prospects of E15 32

33 E15 2 nd stage (approved) E15 2nd : 50x10 9 kaons on target 33 x10 The goal of the E15 2nd 1.derive  N decay information in 3 He(K -,n)X reaction 2.confirm the spectral shape of the  p invariant-mass by the exclusive measurement of 3 He(K -,  p)n 3.explore the neutron spectrum at  lab =0 O with the kinematically complete measurement of 3 He(K -,  pn) in 2015

34 Summary of E15 1 st 34 3 He(K -,n)X M.M. Formation Channel Semi-Inclusive 3 He(K -,n)X No significant bump structure in the deeply bound region Excess below the threshold attributed to 2NA of  *n? FINUDA/DISTO Decay Channel Exclusive 3 He(K -,  p)n Hint of the excess around the threshold Cannot be from 2NA of  *n (final state =  pn)  p I.M. of 3 He(K -,  p)n

35 The J-PARC E15 Collaboration 35


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