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Composite Functions

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Objectives Add, subtract, multiply, and divide functions. Find compositions of one function with another function.

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Unless a function has a stated domain, its domain is the set of real numbers.

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● The denominator cannot be zero. Numbers that cause the denominator to be zero are called restrictions. ● An even root cannot have a negative result within the radical sign. These, too, are called restrictions. ● Unless we have these previous two conditions resulting in restrictions, then all other equations have a domain of all real numbers. ● All real numbers are denoted by (- ∞, ∞)

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Let f and g be two functions. The sum of (f + g) (x) = f(x) + g(x) Simply add the two equations and simplify. The domain of f(x) + g(x) is the set of all real numbers common to the domains of f and g.

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Simply add the two expressions and simplify. What is the domain?

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Let f and g be two functions. The difference of (f - g) (x) = f(x) - g(x) Simply subtract the two equations and simplify The domain of f(x) - g(x) is the set of all real numbers common to the domains of f and g.

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Simply subtract the expressions and simplify.

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Let f and g be two functions. The product of (fg) (x) = f(x) g(x) Simply multiply the two equations and simplify The domain of f(x) g(x) is the set of all real numbers common to the domains of f and g.

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Simply multiply the two equations.

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Let f and g be two functions. The quotient of (f/g) (x) = f(x)/g(x) Simply divide the two equations and simplify The domain of f(x) / g(x) is the set of all real numbers common to the domains of f and g, provided g(x) is not equal to zero.

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Can the function be simplified?No Therefore, the above function is the answer.

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(f ◦ g) (x) = f(g(x)) Substitute the expression for g(x) into every x for the equation of f(x). Given: f(x) = 3x – 4 and g(x) = x² - 2x + 6 Find (f ◦ g) (x). (f ◦ g) (x) = f(g(x)), so substitute x² - 2x + 6 for x in the expression 3x – 4. To be continued

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Substitute x² - 2x + 6 for x in the expression 3x – 4.

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(g ◦ f) (x) = g(f(x)) Substitute the expression for f(x) into every x in the equation of g(x). Given: f(x) = 3x – 4 and g(x) = x² - 2x + 6 Find (g ◦ f) (x). (g ◦ f) (x) = g(f(x)), so substitute 3x – 4 for x in the expression x² - 2x + 6. To be continued

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Substitute 3x – 4 for x in the expression x² - 2x + 6.

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Find (g ◦ f)(1) (g ◦ f) (x) = 9x² - 30x + 30 Substitute 1 for every x 9(1)² - 30(1) + 30 9 – 30 + 30 = 9 (g ◦ f)(1) = 9

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Lesson 2-8: Operations of Functions

Lesson 2-8: Operations of Functions

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