Presentation on theme: "Governing A New Nation Chapter 7 Section 1 Pages 204 - 209."— Presentation transcript:
Governing A New Nation Chapter 7 Section 1 Pages
“Americans sought to create a republic in which the states had more power than the central government.” - Background Knowledge (P. 204) What is a “republic”? THOUGHT: Americans did not want to give up state powers for a strong central (Federal) government.
1776 – 1777 Most states created their own constitutions to establish the boundaries for their government so as not to allow them to gain too much power. CONSTITUTION A document that stated the rules under which a government could operate.
Executive Governor Legislative Congress Judicial Court System State Constitution
Virginia was the first state to add a Bill of Rights to their state Constitutions, but many others soon followed.
State Constitutions Weak Central Government Powers of Central Government 1.Could make laws 2.Could declare war 3.Could make/borrow money 4.Could operate a postal system 5.Could deal with Indians/Foreign Countries outside of 13 states Limitations of Central Government 1.States had more power than central government 2.Could NOT control trade 3.Could NOT collect taxes 4.Could NOT enforce laws 5.Only one Branch (Legislative)
All 13 states had to approve (ratify) the Articles of Confederation before it became official. Maryland refused to approve them until all states gave up their land claims west of the Appalachian Mountains. (See page 207 Map) Virginia was the last state to give up their land claims in 1781 and only then did Maryland give their approval to the Articles. While Congress adopted the Articles in 1777, they were not ratified until 1781.
Why was it important for the central (federal) government to receive the land claims from the 13 states?
6 Miles The Land Ordinance of 1785 created a “Grid System” by which new lands would be organized into townships. ie. Pike Township / German Township
The NW Ordinance of 1787 established the method for new lands to become an official state in the United States. Three Step Process For Becoming A State: 1. Congress appointed a governor, secretary, and 3 judges to each new territory. 2. Upon gaining 5,000 free adult male settlers, it could elect a legislature. 3. It needed 60,000 free adults to be considered for statehood. Five States would be carved out of the Northwest Territory: OhioMichigan IndianaWisconsin Illinois
The Constitutional Convention Chapter 7 Section 2 Pages
WHO: 55 delegates from 12 states WHAT: Constitutional Convention WHEN: Summer of 1787 WHERE: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania WHY: Revise Articles of Confederation/ Create New Constitution HOW: “The Great Compromise”
Ben Franklin Roger ShermanJames Madison George MasonAlexander Hamilton George Washington
James Madison Executive – Carry Out The Laws Legislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The Laws Strong Central Government PRESIDENT Upper House Lower House Based Upon Population
William Paterson Executive – Carry Out The Laws Legislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The Laws Strong Central Government PRESIDENT Each State = Votes One House Expanded the powers of congress to raise money and control trade.
Executive – Carry Out The Laws Legislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The Laws Strong Central Government PRESIDENT House of Representatives Based Upon Population Senate Each State Gets 2 Senators Roger Sherman
North WantedSouth Wanted Slaves not to be counted toward the population of the south. To eliminate the buying and selling of slaves anywhere in the U.S. Slaves to count as people toward the population of the south. To have freedom to buy and sell slaves anywhere in the U.S. Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person toward the population count. Slaves could be imported for 20 more years (until 1808) and then the U.S. could eliminate the importation of slaves.
Articles of Confederation The Articles were a pact between separate states. U.S. Constitution The Constitution was created to form “a more perfect union” and got its power from the people of the U.S.
Debating The Constitution Chapter 7 Section 3 Pages