Presentation on theme: "Creating The Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1Creating The Constitution 1776 - 1790 Governing A New NationChapter 7 Section 1Pages
2“Americans sought to create a republic in which the states had more power than the central government.”- Background Knowledge (P. 204)What is a “republic”?THOUGHT:Americans did not want to give up state powers for a strong central (Federal) government.
3Government By The States 1776 – 1777Most states created their own constitutions to establish the boundaries for their government so as not to allow them to gain too much power.CONSTITUTIONA document that stated the rules under which a government could operate.
4State Constitution Executive Governor Legislative Congress Judicial Court System
5No Cruel/Unusual Punishment BillOFRightsVirginia was the first state to add a Bill of Rights to their state Constitutions, but many others soon followed.Freedom of PressRight To Trial By JuryFreedom of ReligionNo Cruel/Unusual Punishment
6Articles of Confederation Powers of Central GovernmentCould make lawsCould declare warCould make/borrow moneyCould operate a postal systemCould deal with Indians/Foreign Countries outside of 13 statesLimitations of Central GovernmentStates had more power than central governmentCould NOT control tradeCould NOT collect taxesCould NOT enforce lawsOnly one Branch (Legislative)Weak Central GovernmentState Constitutions
7Articles of Confederation All 13 states had to approve (ratify) the Articles of Confederation before it became official.Maryland refused to approve them until all states gave up their land claims west of the Appalachian Mountains. (See page 207 Map)Virginia was the last state to give up their land claims in 1781 and only then did Maryland give their approval to the Articles.While Congress adopted the Articles in 1777, they were not ratified until 1781.Ratification of theArticles of Confederation
8Why was it important for the central (federal) government to receive the land claims from the 13 states?
9Land Ordinance of 1785 6 Miles 6 Miles The Land Ordinance of 1785 created a “Grid System” by which new lands would be organized into townships.ie. Pike Township / German Township6 Miles6 Miles
10Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Three Step Process For Becoming A State:1. Congress appointed a governor,secretary, and 3 judges to each newterritory.2. Upon gaining 5,000 free adult malesettlers, it could elect a legislature.3. It needed 60,000 free adults to be considered for statehood.Five States would be carved out of the Northwest Territory:Ohio MichiganIndiana Wisconsin IllinoisThe NW Ordinance of 1787 established the method for new lands to become an official state in the United States.
12Creating The Constitution 1776 - 1790 The Constitutional ConventionChapter 7 Section 2Pages
13Constitutional Convention of 1787 WHO: 55 delegates from 12 statesWHAT: Constitutional ConventionWHEN: Summer of 1787WHERE: Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaWHY: Revise Articles of Confederation/Create New ConstitutionHOW: “The Great Compromise”
1455 Total Delegates George Washington Ben Franklin Roger Sherman James MadisonGeorge MasonAlexander Hamilton55 Total Delegates
15Virginia Plan Strong Central Government PRESIDENT Congress James MadisonExecutive – Carry Out The LawsPRESIDENTStrong Central GovernmentLegislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The LawsUpper HouseLower HouseCongressBased Upon Population
16New Jersey Plan Strong Central Government PRESIDENT Congress William PatersonExecutive – Carry Out The LawsPRESIDENTStrong Central GovernmentLegislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The LawsCongressOne HouseEach State = VotesExpanded the powers of congress to raise money and control trade.
17The Great Compromise July 16, 1787 Strong Central Government PRESIDENT Executive – Carry Out The LawsPRESIDENTStrong Central GovernmentRoger ShermanLegislative – Make The LawsJudicial – Interpret The LawsHouse of RepresentativesBased Upon PopulationCongressSenateEach State Gets 2 Senators
18S L A V E R Y COMPROMISE North Wanted South Wanted Slaves not to be counted toward the population of the south.To eliminate the buying and selling of slaves anywhere in the U.S.Slaves to count as people toward the population of the south.To have freedom to buy and sell slaves anywhere in the U.S.COMPROMISESlaves would count as 3/5 of a person toward the population count.Slaves could be imported for 20 more years (until 1808) and then the U.S. could eliminate the importation of slaves.
19Articles of Confederation U.S. Constitution The Articles were a pact between separate states.U.S. ConstitutionThe Constitution was created to form “a more perfect union” and got its power from the people of the U.S.
20Creating The Constitution 1776 - 1790 Debating The ConstitutionChapter 7 Section 3Pages