Presentation on theme: "Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality & Gender"— Presentation transcript:
1Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality & Gender Chapter 6
2Defining RaceIdeology of racism and its evolution
3The great chain of being: naturalizing human differences, linking difference to inferiority, the standard of whiteness.
4Political smear from 1867, against George C. Gorham’s gubernatorialbid in California
5Atlantic Ocean became a highway as a result of the slave trade, 16th-19th Centuries. Brazil & the Caribbean leading destinations for African slaves. Fueled by racistideology (naturalness of otherness) and demand for labor.
6Geographies of Race and Racism How does race “make place”?Spatial expression of institutionalized racismChinatown: San Francisco & Vancouver, B.C.South Africa
23Ethnic Interaction: Assimilation Pluralism Heterolocalism Some 40,000 Vietnamese live in and around Washington D.C., but at the level of theCensus tract nowhere do they make up more than 18% of the population. By contrast, they accounted for less than 1% of the population in most census tracts.
24Ethnic Settlements: Ethnic Islands Ethnic Neighborhoods Ethnoburbs Location quotientsThe Hopi and Navajo Reservations (population approximately 7000 and 174,000 respectively) are ethnic islands and enclaves in the US. When mapped, we can see that they also form enclaves of each other.
27Environmental Justice: San Francisco Bay Area Population by race/ethnicity and proximity to a toxic release facility. Notice how the composition of population groups changes with increasing distance from the toxic release facility.
28Households within one mile of a toxic release facility by income, race/ethnicity.