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Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality & Gender Chapter 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality & Gender Chapter 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality & Gender Chapter 6

2 Defining Race Ideology of racism and its evolution

3 The great chain of being: naturalizing human differences, linking difference to inferiority, the standard of whiteness.

4 Political smear from 1867, against George C. Gorham ’ s gubernatorial bid in California

5 Atlantic Ocean became a highway as a result of the slave trade, 16 th -19 th Centuries. Brazil & the Caribbean leading destinations for African slaves. Fueled by racist ideology (naturalness of otherness) and demand for labor.

6 Geographies of Race and Racism – How does race “make place”? – Spatial expression of institutionalized racism Chinatown: San Francisco & Vancouver, B.C. South Africa

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8 San Francisco ’ s Chinatown in the 1890s, photograph by Arnold Genthe

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10 Race and Racism on the landscape of South Africa *Evolution of Apartheid Dutch Boers, Afrikaners Afrikaner Nationalist Party Baaskap

11 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Apartheid’s goal: to produce a society segregated on a racial and territorial basis. Segregation will protect the racial purity of the white South Africans. Allow for separate cultural and economic development of each racial group.

12 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Apartheid’s Scales: Grand (national), Petty (individual) and Township (neighborhood)

13 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

14 Soweto Uprising, June 16, 1976 Soweto, former Black Township of Johannesburg, South Africa

15 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. First democratic elections in South Africa are held in 1994, three years after the repeal of Apartheid laws. Nelson Mandela was elected president.

16 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

17 What is Ethnicity?

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19 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. This map shows the ancestral “roots” of the U.S. population based on census data. Note how widespread German ancestry is. Identification of an “American” ancestry may stem from the fact that a person’s forebears have been in the country for several generations, or that making a selection is impractical or not suitable.

20 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. U.S. census form questions on race. The U.S. Census form is sent to all households every 10 years. Note that Hispanic origin is represented as something other than race.

21 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. U.S. population composition from two perspectives. The pie chart on the left shows Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin for the population. The pie chart on the right shows the count and percentage of those who selected just one racial category.

22 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Leading minority group, by county. White, non-Hispanic is the majority population group. Excluding that data enables us to map and see the distribution of minority groups. California, Hawaii, New Mexico, Texas, Washington D.C., and Puerto Rico are majority- minority, meaning that more than half of the population is minority.

23 Ethnic Interaction: Assimilation Pluralism Heterolocalism Some 40,000 Vietnamese live in and around Washington D.C., but at the level of the Census tract nowhere do they make up more than 18% of the population. By contrast, they accounted for less than 1% of the population in most census tracts.

24 Ethnic Settlements: Ethnic Islands Ethnic Neighborhoods Ethnoburbs Location quotients The Hopi and Navajo Reservations (population approximately 7000 and 174,000 respectively) are ethnic islands and enclaves in the US. When mapped, we can see that they also form enclaves of each other.

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26 Ethnic Conflict Darfur, Sudan Ethnic Cleansing

27 Population by race/ethnicity and proximity to a toxic release facility. Notice how the composition of population groups changes with increasing distance from the toxic release facility. Environmental Justice: San Francisco Bay Area

28 Households within one mile of a toxic release facility by income, race/ethnicity.


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