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Presented by Lt. Scott Fleck. Background  Lt. Scott Fleck Firefighter/EMT, Hazmat technician ○ Specializations in strategy and tactics, safety, hazmat.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by Lt. Scott Fleck. Background  Lt. Scott Fleck Firefighter/EMT, Hazmat technician ○ Specializations in strategy and tactics, safety, hazmat."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by Lt. Scott Fleck

2 Background  Lt. Scott Fleck Firefighter/EMT, Hazmat technician ○ Specializations in strategy and tactics, safety, hazmat operations/terrorism response, pre- hospital emergency medical care Undergraduate degree in political science and history, IU Currently pursuing 2 nd bachelors degree in human biology

3 Bloomington Township Fire Department  Opened for service in 1971  Combination fire department 11 career firefighters (3 per shift, 2 admin during week) Approx. 8 part-time/fill in positions Approx. 35 volunteers  Provides coverage 24/7/365  Fire suppression/prevention, EMS, rescue, hazmat capabilities

4 Bloomington Township Fire Department  Cover approximately 140 square miles  Mutual aid throughout the county  Regional training facility

5 Hazmat Response  Goal is mitigation Stop the hazmat from hurting people, property and the environment Note: not clean up!  Respond in Monroe County, 5 surrounding counties, 8 counties of District 8, potentially anywhere in the state of Indiana  4 piece hazmat response unit Approximately $1,000,000 in equipment

6 Hazmat Challenges  Known materials Usually can trust multiple sources of information to assure chemical is properly identified Usually just a monitoring problem  Unknown materials Must attempt to identify by risking people and equipment to acquire paperwork, samples, etc.

7 Key Concepts  Detection Usually a binary determination ○ Present/not present  Monitoring Already know what the material is Determine levels over time ○ PPM/PPB, mg/cc, % Can be intermittent or continuous

8 Strategic Concepts  Protect life Emergency responders Unaffected public Affected public  Protect property  Protect environment

9 Current State of Technology  “Dumb” technology Detection papers ○ pH, lead acetate, M8/M9 Binary chemical tests ○ 20/20 anthrax test Chemical detection strips/patches ○ Chem strips ○ Smart strips Colorimeter tubes

10 Current State of Technology  “Dumb” technology continued CMS ○ Chem tests on a chip BADD ○ PCR bio reaction M256 kits Radiation detectors

11 Current State of Technology  “Semi-smart” technology Single and 4 gas detectors ○ CO, HCN, CL 2, NH 3 ○ O 2, explosive gas (LEL), CO, H 2 S Photo Ionization Detector ○ Uses polarized light to sense the presence of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) Does not identify the chemical, only that something is present that shouldn’t be and at a specific level

12 Current State of Technology  “Smart” technology APD2000 ○ Chem warfare agent/gamma rad detector Ahura First Defender ○ Ramen IR signature against library SensIR/TravelIR ○ FT-IR

13 Current State of Technology  Unavailable locally Flame Ionization Detector Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spec

14 Field Use/Response  When hunting unknowns, start with dumb and/or semi-smart, then use smart to confirm  Always pH first! Strong acids/bases eat electronics for lunch!  Add most appropriate for situation, take as many as possible during recon trip

15 Field Use/Response  Also use general indicators Lowered/raised oxygen levels Visual indicators ○ Green stripped from grass or tree tops ○ Puddles, pools, gas clouds ○ Fish floating on the surface of water ○ Birds falling from the sky

16 Important Hazmat Points  EVERYTHING EXCEPT PEOPLE IS ULTIMATELY CONSIDERED DISPOSABLE!  If it can’t be decontaminated, it must be disposed of

17 Technological Shortcomings  Many devices with many interfaces Difficult to learn and use in field  Many devices do not talk to each other No unified format No automated data collection  Technology is expensive  Technology is not hardened “Firefighter” proof

18 Technological Shortcomings  High maintenance Labor intensive Frequent out of service period  Lack of stand off detection Most must be in close proximity to the material to detect Must be carried into the situation and operated by a human

19 Areas of Improvement  Fewer devices, more capabilities  Stand off range Detect from a distance or remotely operate  Transmit data  Unified control/report console Report/document for legal purposes  Linked to database/information  Photo capable  Decreased power needs

20 Important Features  Must be disposable or hardened and decontaminatable  Intrinsically safe  Economical  “Firefighter” proof Durable Oversized buttons, screens, etc Intuitive, easy to use

21 Other Areas of Technology  GPS tracking systems  Training systems  Robotic sensing  ???

22 Questions?  ???


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