Presentation on theme: "LETS GET SOME LAND!!!. Until about 1780 the lands of the Northwest Territory were claimed by several existing states including New York and Virginia."— Presentation transcript:
Until about 1780 the lands of the Northwest Territory were claimed by several existing states including New York and Virginia. These states soon ceded their territorial holding to the central government and by the time the American Revolution ended in 1783, specific measures were needed to guide the settlement and division of the Northwest territory. The Ordinance of 1784, drafted by Thomas Jefferson and passed by Congress divided the territory into a handful of self- governing districts. It stipulated that each district could send one representative to Congress upon attaining a population of 20,000, and it would become eligible for statehood when its population equaled that of the least populous existing state. This ordinance was superseded by the Ordinance of 1787 WHERE DID THEY GET THIS LAND???
Provided for the scientific surveying of the territory’s lands Provided for a systematic subdivision of this land Land would be subdivided according to a rectangular grid system; the basic unit of land grant was the township which was a square area measuring six miles on each side. A township could then be subdivided into a number of rectangular parcels of individually owned land. The minimum land sale was set at one square mile (640 acres), and the minimum price per acre was $1. Once section in each township was to be set aside for a school. These procedures formed the basis of the American public land policy until the Homestead Act of 1862. LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
The Most important of these Land Acts Laid the basis for the government of the Northwest Territory and for the admission of its constituent parts as states into the Union. Under this ordinance, each district was to be governed by a governor and judges appointed by Congress until it attained a population of 5,000 adult FREE males, at which time it would become a territory and could form its own representative legislature The Northwest Territory must eventually comprise a minimum of three and a maximum of five of five states. An individual territory could be admitted to statehood in the Union after having attained a population of 60,000. Under the ordinance, slavery was forever outlawed from the lands of the Northwest Territory. Freedom of religion and other civil liberties were guaranteed The resident Native Americans were promised decent treatment; and education was provided for. Under this ordinance, the principle of granting new states equal rather than inferior status to older ones was firmly established. The ordinances were a major accomplishment of the often-maligned government under the Articles of Confederation. NORTHWEST ORDINANCE OF 1787