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Connecting Rural Burma/Myanmar to the Global Village (Community Telecommunication Project) SOME EXAMPLES AND SOME EFFORTS THOMAS KHAIPI #ICT4D.

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Presentation on theme: "Connecting Rural Burma/Myanmar to the Global Village (Community Telecommunication Project) SOME EXAMPLES AND SOME EFFORTS THOMAS KHAIPI #ICT4D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Connecting Rural Burma/Myanmar to the Global Village (Community Telecommunication Project) SOME EXAMPLES AND SOME EFFORTS THOMAS KHAIPI #ICT4D

2 Myanmar in World map

3 Map of Myanmar(Burma/Birma) Das Land stand seit 1962 unter einer Militärherrschaft, bis diese am 4. Februar 2011 einen zivilen Präsidenten als Staatsoberhaupt einsetzte. Amtssprache : Birmanisch Neue Hauptstadt : Naypyidaw Staatsform : Republik Fläche : km² Einwohnerzahl : (Volkszählung 2014) Bevölkerungdichte : 75,97 Einwohner pro km² Unabhängigkeit : 4. Januar 1948 (vom Vereinigten Königreich) Bruttoinlandsprodukt : Total(nominal) : $ 51,925 Milliarden Total (KKP) : $ 82,679 Milliarden BIP/Einw. (nominal) : $ 832 BIP/Einw. (KKP) : $ 1.325

4 Motivations  Technology is the currency for economic and social developement.

5 Agenda  What is Community WLAN?  Community Development Projects  Goals and Benefits of Wireless Network Project  Technologies  Regular Wifi Networks vs MESH Networks  About Open Hardware Project (Village Telco’s Mesh Potato)  Technogies ?? – for ICT4D  Project Locations ( 7 Villages)  Project Status  Risks and Lessons learned  Others advanced technologes and their efforts (Open GSM?)  Conclusion  Discussion

6 What is Community WLAN (Why Wifi Technology for rural area communication ?)  Community WLAN in Germany? Freifunk.net – Freie Netze werden von immer mehr Menschen in Eigenregie aufgebaut und gewartet. Jeder Nutzer im freifunk-Netz stellt seinen WLAN-Router für den Datentransfer der anderen Teilnehmer zur Verfügung. Im Gegenzug kann er oder sie ebenfalls Daten, wie zum Beispiel Text, Musik und Filme über das interne freifunk-Netz übertragen oder über von Teilnehmern eingerichtete Dienste im Netz Chatten, Telefonieren etc.

7 Community Development Projects  Educations  Communications  Healthcare  Etc..

8 Goals and Benefits of Wireless Network Project  Communication  Increase communication facilities in isolated rural areas by providing  Free Local VOIP Phone services  Free Internet Services  Video conferencing facilities  Healthcare  Establish a tele-hospital in rural health centers  Provide medicals assistances to the villagers through telemedicine program  Education  Increase opportunities for School Students  Creating a live tele-teaching program  Providing contents (in local languages??) to the students and villagers  Offline Wikipedia, Khan Academy,  Business Opportunity

9 Technologies  Regular Wifi Networks Wireless repeaters work by taking an existing wireless signal and re-broadcasting it.

10 Technologies  MESH Networking(AdHoc Networking) - mesh networks see every device on a network directly connected to every other device without the use of a central router or switch. - In a mesh network, data travels from device to device in short hops until it reaches its destination, rather than being directed by a central device.

11 Technologies  MESH Network - Routing protocols for Mobile Network  There are more than 70 competing schemes for routing packets across mesh networks. Some of these include:  B.A.T.M.A.N. (Better Approach To Mobile Adhoc Networking)  OLSR (Optimized Link State Routing protocol / proaktives Routingprotokoll) - RFC 3626 RFC 3626

12 Technologies  MESH Network – advantages  Using fewer wires means it costs less to set up a network, particularly for large areas of coverage.  They rely on the same WiFi standards (802.11a, b and g) already in place for most wireless networks.  Mesh networks are " self configuring ;" the network automatically incorporates a new node into the existing structure without needing any adjustments by a network administrator.  Mesh networks are " self healing," since the network automatically finds the fastest and most reliable paths to send data, even if nodes are blocked or lose their signal.  Wireless mesh configurations allow local networks to run faster, because local packets don't have to travel back to a central server.  Wireless mesh nodes are easy to install and uninstall, making the network extremely adaptable and expandable as more or less coverage is needed.

13 Technologies  MESH Network – Disadvantages  Complex Routing needed..  Need to store Routing Tabel in each Node  Each Node work as Router, -> 100 % need to run all the time  Higher power consumption on each Node

14 Technologies  About Open Hardware Project (Village Telco’s Mesh Potato)   MESH Potato  B.A.T.M.A.N  Gateway Server with Billing System  Entrepreneur  Up stream VOIP and PSTN  modest capital

15 Technologies  B.A.T.M.A.N – Routing Protocol  Distributed intelligence  Every node knows: Available nodes, total metric towards each destination and best next hop for each destination  No Information about the full routing path is necessary. Works well as nodes come and go.  Works well in practice (e.g. 500 node Freifunk network in Berlin,Germany)

16 Technologies for ICT4D  GNU Health (GNU Health is a Free Health and Hospital Information System)  Electronic Medical Record (EMR)  Hospital Information System (HIS)  Health Information System  OpenMRS  OpenMRS is a collaborative open source project to develop software to support the delivery of health care in developing countries.  SANA.MIT.EDU  Global Health Informatics to Improve Quality of Care

17 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village, Tedim Township, Myanmar

18 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

19 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

20 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

21 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

22 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Thuklai Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

23 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Khuasak Village/The Siyin Valley, Tedim Township, Myanmar

24 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Road to the Siyin Valley and Thuklai Village main road, Tedim Township, Myanmar

25 Project Locations Chin State,Myanmar  Voklak Village, Tedim Township, Myanmar

26 Project Status  9 active WLAN AP in Thuklai Village  All these APs need to replace with Mesh networking Technology

27 Risks and lessons learned  What can go wrong?  What happens when the trainers goes home?  Train the Community to fix problmes  Focus on keeping network running  Train many people, not just one expert  Sustainable Strategy/Plans ?  Is there Project Transparency?  How can we make the network more reliable?  Electricity problems, etc..  Do we need special licence for 2.4 and 5.0 Ghz frequency bands in Myanmar/Burma?

28 Others advanced technologes and their efforts (Open GSM?)  R H I Z O M A T I C A – Mobile Communications for All, Oaxaca Village, Mexico  UC Berkeley’s Technology and Infrastructure for Emerging Regions (TIER) research group Deliver Low Cost Cellular Service to Rural Indonesia  Billige Mobilfunk-Boxen für abgelegene Regionen, Heise.de Online

29 Conclusion The project is unfortunately finished yet to the full. However, we have been able to see many efforts from it. Many villagers and school students can now have acces to internet and get a lot of information from our local content server (Offline Wikipedia, Khan Academy Learnings Meterials etc..). With this project, we also have aimed and created the local free voip telephone system, which serves for and gives a huge advantage to all the villager.

30

31 References: - Village Telco Open Hardware project - Mesh Networking wireless.ictp.it/publications.html - Telecommunications/ICT4D Laboratory - The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics - Handbook for WIRELESS NETWORKING IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD -


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