Presentation on theme: "NORTHWEST TERRITORY. The A of C Despite weaknesses, the A of C government accomplished important tasks Greatest achievement was establishing a fair."— Presentation transcript:
The A of C Despite weaknesses, the A of C government accomplished important tasks Greatest achievement was establishing a fair land policy for lands west of App. Mtns
NORTHWEST TERRITORY The NW Territory was a huge area of land west of the App. Mtns. The NW Territory was given up to the U.S. by England in 1783 as part of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War.
NORTHWEST TERRITORY The NW Territory was important because it was the first territory that the new U.S. gov organized for settlement. It developed the pattern for how future states would be added to the Union. The A of C contained no provision for adding states and congress knew it had to extend its authority over the area.
NORTHWEST TERRITORY Since the A of C government did not have the power to collect taxes, they passed two laws in 1785 and 1787, establishing a system for dividing and selling govt land
LAND ORDINANCE of 1785 With this law, regions were surveyed and divided into squares, called townships, which measured six miles on each side. Each township was subdivided into sections of 640 acres, each to be sold at auction for $1/acre
EDUCATION The Land Ordinance of 1785 also required that one 640-acre section in each township be used to support public schools in the region; Section 16 would be saved for schools.
LAND ORDINANCE of 1787 Better known as the NW Ordinance, this law created the NW Territory. It divided the territory into smaller districts and gave Congress the power to appoint a governor and judges in each one. When 5000 voters lived in a territory, it could elect a legislature and send a nonvoting delegate to Congress. When 60,000 free residents live in a territory, it could apply to Congress for statehood. This process for admitting states into the Union it still in effect today.
NORTHWEST TERRITORY Each new state would come into the Union with the same rights and privileges as the original states: Freedom of Religion Property Rights Right to trial by jury In addition, there would be no slavery or involuntary servitude in the new territories.
The Northwest Ordinance Consider the idea of new members joining an established club Label the club’s established members (existing states) Need to include the 5 new members (new territories)