2 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.
3 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory).Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)
4 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation).NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land
5 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE LAND ORDINANCE of 1785: Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory.Rectangular Survey System – carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.
6 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.Township6 MILES
8 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.Section
9 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Acre – the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre.The average size farm was 40 acre. So, it sold for $40.OHIO STATEBUCKEYES102030405040302010ACRE
10 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township.How much went for education?Answer: $640
11 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 this document establishes… the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
12 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Statehood:When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can:elect it’s own legislature.send non-voting members to Congress.
13 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can:can write a state constitution and apply for statehood.If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.
14 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Five states:MinnesotaOhio (1803)Indiana (1816)MichiganWisconsinIllinois (1818)Michigan (1837)IllinoisWisconsin (1848)OhioIndiana
15 THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Rights Guaranteed:Trial by juryPublic educationFreedom of religionProhibition of slavery