THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE I.CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE A.Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory). Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B.Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation). NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE II.LAND ORDINANCE of 1785: Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory. A.Rectangular Survey System – carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 1.Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 2.Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 3.Acre – the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre. The average size farm was 40 acre. So, it sold for $40.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B.Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township. How much went for education? Answer: $640
III.THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 this document establishes… the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 A.Statehood: 1.When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can: a.elect it’s own legislature. b.send non-voting members to Congress.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 2.When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can: a.can write a state constitution and apply for statehood. b.If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Five states: Indiana (1816) Ohio (1803 ) Illinois (1818) Michigan (1837) Wisconsin (1848)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Rights Guaranteed: 1.Trial by jury 2.Public education 3.Freedom of religion 4.Prohibition of slavery