Presentation on theme: "Wrapping Up Agriculture. Aim: How do land survey systems help us organize space? Do Now: Imagine you are riding in an airplane (window seat) travelling."— Presentation transcript:
Cadastral Systems Land survey systems Way to subdivide and describe land Defines property lines to allow land ownership 3 main types in the U.S. 1. Metes and Bounds 2. Long Lots 3. Township and Range
“Beginning at the black oak on the east bank of walnut creek, thence north 65 poles to the large standing rock, north 30 east 70 poles to the large oak tree, thence south 30 poles across the creek, thence east 40 poles to beginning.” Poles = 16 ½ foot lengths 1. Metes and Bounds System
http://www.fairview-industries.com/gismodule/PartOneMetes&Bound.html Example of how it would apply to farmland surrounding a river 1. Metes and Bounds System
British system Found mostly where the 13 colonies were Uses natural features (such as trees, streams, rocks) to demarcate irregular parcels of land
Land Ordinance of 1785 Set forth how the government would measure, divide and distribute the land it had acquired from Great Britain north and west of the Ohio River at the end of the American Revolution Set up rectangular survey system
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 No process for how a territory becomes a state in the constitution so Northwest Ordinance legislation passed For a territory to become a state: –60,000 residents –Constitution –Proposed borders http://www.history.com/topics/us-states/ohio/videos/ohio- and-the-west?m=5189719baf036&s=All&f=1&free=false
3. Township and Range System Most popular in the U.S. Proposed by Thomas Jefferson in Land Ordinance of 1785 after Revolutionary War Rectangular survey system: based on a grid Made division and settlement of land easier - land bought and sold in whole, half, or quarter sections Land out west sold to railroads who gave land to immigrants who promised to farm it for five years Railroads made money from farmers transporting crops to markets out east
3. Township and Range System Homestead Act (1862) –allowed citizens to settle on up to 160 acres of surveyed but unclaimed public land –receive title to it (own it) after making improvements and living there for five years
Property Inheritance Primogeniture – all land passes to the eldest son
Dispersed Settlements Land is intensely cultivated by machine, not by hand Typically found in the United States Midwest Isolated from neighbors as opposed to living side by side
Nucleated (or Clustered) Settlements Land is intensely cultivated by people and animals Number of families living in close proximity with fields surrounding houses and farm buildings Most prevalent rural residential pattern in agricultural areas
World Areas of Agricultural Innovations Carl Sauer identified 11 areas where agricultural innovations occurred.
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