Presentation on theme: "Biodiversity Mrs. Zazzali Room 205. Lesson 1- What are organisms? Class consensus-period 1 What are organisms? AliveMoves GrowsReproduces DiesHas to eat."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 1- What are organisms? Class consensus-period 1 What are organisms? AliveMoves GrowsReproduces DiesHas to eat Living thingsRemove Waste Respond to changesRespond to changes in environment Have Cells
Lesson 1-What are organisms? Consensus Pd. 2 Living ThingsEat Complete life processesHave cells or a cell Dispose WasteNaturally brought into world Adapts to surroundingsReproduce Have to dieDifferent species
Lesson 1-Pd. 3 What are organisms? Pd. 3 Consensus Living thingMade of cells Find it in other living thingsReproduce Smallest particles in a substance*** Grow die
Lesson 1-Pd. 5 What are organisms? Consensus p.5 Living Thing/creaturesHumans Plants InsectsTake in nutrients AdaptCarry out life processes Require energy
Lesson 1 – Pd. 6 What are organisms? Class consensus says… Living ThingReproduce GrowRespond to environment Adapt to changesNeed energy CellsTake in nutrients Help or destroy habitatsGet rid of waste Get their own food and get energy from other living things Move
Lesson 1 – Pd. 7 What are organisms? Class consensus says… Living thingReproduce Let out wasteHas at least 1 cell Need foodNeed energy/nutrients Grow
What is a habitat? All classes said… Place where an organism lives depending on the organism ex. Monkey lives in the jungle Where a species finds food Its’ environment and where an organism reproduces, gets rid of waste (Ha Ha pd. 6 ) Natural home or shelter of an animal Lives according to their needs Adapts and responds to environment And carries out life processes!
What should I know about Taxonomy? Taxonomy-the science of naming and classifying organisms (Thank you Linnaeus!) All Taxonomic Categories go from the most broad category to the most specific and include: Taxonomic CategoryMnemonic/trick to help you remember KingdomKing PhylumPhillip ClassCame OrderOver FamilyFor GenusGreat speciesSpaghetti
The Scientific Name-Avoid the confusion! Scientists refer to organisms with their Scientific Names to avoid confusion, a universal language. Remember all the confusion when I asked you to find the difference between a cougar, puma and mountain lion. You know now that they are really the same organism or animal known Scientifically as Puma concolar!
Scientific Name cont. Scientific Name is made of the Genus and species name. The first letter in the Genus is always spelled with an upper case letter and the species first letter is always lower case. The species is the most specific taxonomic category. Examples: Genusspecies Homosapien Canisfamiliaris Pantheraleo
Lesson 1 Bonus/Challenge Words Cellular Respiration-cells turning food into usable energy. Cladogram-branching diagram that shows how species have evolved from a common ancestral line Digestion-food is broken up physically and chemically and absorbed by the body Excretion-substance is excreted/let out from the body
Lesson 2 Compound Light Microscope- Uses 2 lenses and light to make a specimen visible. *Look over your Microscope worksheet, know the parts* Dry-Mount Slide- A microscope slide on which no water is used. (Our WOWBug slides)
Our WOWBug! What did we learn? (All Periods-look at blog) www.zsciencespot.blogspot.com
WOWBug and insect parts Head- 1 st body segment in insects (contain eyes, antennae and mandibles or jaw) Thorax- 2 nd body segment in insects, between the head and abdomen Abdomen- A segment of the body of many animals, the third body segment in insects
Microscope Views of Specimen- Bonus/Challenge words Lateral- side view of a specimen Ventral- abdominal view of a specimen Dorsal- back view of a specimen
Lesson 3 – Investigating Lumbriculus variegatus or the Blackworm What did you learn? Blackworms can regenerate both head and tail to break free from predators. Lives in Ponds, Marshes and Lakes in N. America, and Europe. Contain male and female sex organs. Tail end used for sensing. Can have 150—250 segments. Under a microscope, you can monitor their pulse in bpm’s.
Key Vocabulary Anterior – toward the front, or head, of an animal body. Posterior – toward the back end of an animal. Regeneration – process by which organisms produce new body parts.