Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Jiří Duspiva Nuclear Research Institute Řež, plc. Nuclear Power and Safety Division Dept. of Reactor Technology 11 th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Jiří Duspiva Nuclear Research Institute Řež, plc. Nuclear Power and Safety Division Dept. of Reactor Technology 11 th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jiří Duspiva Nuclear Research Institute Řež, plc. Nuclear Power and Safety Division Dept. of Reactor Technology 11 th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, 2005 Conclusions from Quench-03 Test Analyses with ICARE2 and MELCOR Codes

2 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Background of Quench analysis in NRI Řež Quench-03 test analysis with ICARE2 (Short summary of 10th QWS presentation) Comparison to MELCOR Improved model of Quench-03 Comparison to MELCOR Regressive application to Quench-01 Summary and conclusions Outline

3 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Background of NRI Quench Analyses First NRI – Quench activities were performed with MELCOR Code Own MELCOR input model was developed for Quench-01 [1], successfully also applied to Quench-06 [ISP-45 Blind phase] calculations Quench-03 Calculation was last with MELCOR [2] Temperature at onset of reflooding higher than Q-01 and Q-06 Temperature escalation was not predicted correctly Strong underestimation of Hydrogen production Under EU Project SARNET in TPA1/JPA1 (WP9: Early Phase of Core Degradation ST-1 Hydrogen Generation during Core Reflooding) started application of ICARE2 Code with following schedule [3] and [4] Step 1 – Preparation of model and calculation of Quench-01 test Step 2 - Sensitivity Study on the change of important parameters Step 3 – Calculation of Quench-03 test [1] J. Duspiva: Quench-01 Test Calculation with MELCOR Code, CSARP Meeting, May 7-9, 2001, Bethesda, Maryland [2] J. Duspiva: Quench-03 Test Calculation with MELCOR Code, 8 th International Quench Workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 29-31, 2002 [3] J. Duspiva: Quench Test Calculations with ICARE2 Code and Comparison with MELCOR Code Results, 10 th International Quench Workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 26-28, 2004 [4] J. Duspiva: Quench Test Calculations with ICARE2 Code and Comparison with MELCOR Code Results (Quench-01 and Quench-03 Test Analyses), Report NRI Řež, UJV T, March 2005

4 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, ICARE2 Input Model Quench Facility Nodalization Original model, received from L. Belovsky (ALIAS CZ), was prepared by G. Bandini (ENEA) Macrocomponents Unheated rod 8 heated rods of inner ring 12 heated rods of outer ring 3 Corner rods (withdrawal of one corner rod neglected) Grid spacers and Shroud with gap above heated zone One TH channel – FLUID2 type 41 axial levels 4 below heated part 21 in heated part 16 upper plenum First test on Quench-01 Sensitivity Matrix  Improvements

5 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Quench-01 Results of Reference Calculation Total Hydrogen production predicted correctly  tuned up by external resistivity Temperature profiles also predicted well until the beginning of reflooding Heat Balance was checked, based on methodology from ISP-45

6 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Quench-03 Input File Changes Changes done in comparison with Quench-01 calculation (identical approach as in MELCOR analyses of Quench-01 and Quench-03 tests) Redefinition of (initial and boundary conditions) Power per ring Inlet temperatures and mass flow rates (Ar, steam and water) Initial temperatures in bundle Time of reflooding beginning Timestep definition

7 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Quench-03 Hydrogen Production First step in the input modifications was done in tuning up of external resistivity  temperature instability in bottom part of bundle Tuned up external resistivity 2.1 m  /rod Quench-01 like external resistivity 3.09 m  /rod

8 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Quench-03 Temperature Profile at 2600 s Quench-01 like external resistivity 3.09 m  /rod Tuned up external resistivity 2.1 m  /rod Water injection onset at 2600 s

9 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, ICARE2 to MELCOR Comparison Similar behaviour of both analyses for H 2 production when all settings from Q-01 are applied in Q-03 (change of initial and boundary conditions) Also temperature evolutions had a lot of similarities Relatively good agreement of temperature prediction in lower and middle part of heated zone No temperature escalation results in underestimation of H 2 production [2] J. Duspiva: Quench-03 Test Calculation with MELCOR Code, 8 th International QUENCH Workshop, Karslruhe October 29-31, 2002 End of 10 th QWS 2004 NRI Contribution Summary

10 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Identification of Critical Point Application of ATLAS Postprocessor At 2600 s Significant underprediction of temperatures in hot zone From analyst point of view identified as overestimation of heat losses through shroud in area of hot zone From Q-03 test point of view identified as “loss of heat removal” GRS postprocessor ATLAS ICARE2 results reprocessing by MELCOR

11 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Modelling Approach Used More possible ways exist Definition of material properties was separated for BZF2-5 BZF1 Conductivity of solid material was modified for temperature above 550 K Final values were defined iteratively based on temperature profiles at onset

12 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Improved Prediction Temperature Profile at ______ Temperature profiles are in agreement with measured values Significantly lower temperature of Zirconia fiber layers All three types of rod are degraded, shroud remains intact  Visualization 2500 s 2520 s 2540 s 2560 s 2580 s 2590 s 2600 s 2610 s 2620 s 2630 s 2640 s 2650 s 2660 s 2670 s 2680 s 2690 s 2699 s Reflooding phase observations Overprediction of temperatures in bottom part Oscillations of swollen water level Quench front level remains at bottom Continuation of calculation is problematic due to unconvergency and too small timestep (< s) Calculation of whole Q-03 was not finished and is not planned 2710 s

13 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Application of New ZF Properties to MELCOR Analysis “Identical” figure of temperature profiles with modified ZrO 2 Fiber Conductivity At 2600 s Significant reduction of ZF temperatures as in ICARE2 run Slightly underpredicted temperatures of hot zone H 2 production underpedicted 22 g Reason  trick in shroud modelling to allow its oxidation

14 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Bundle Reflooding in MELCOR Analysis At 2725 s Reflooding phase observations Correct prediction of water level Agreement in temperature drop due to quenching Rod and shroud degradations are not predicted so intensive as in ICARE2 run Code stability – no termination of run

15 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Summary and Conclusions Application of new postprocessing (using GRS ATLAS tool via MELCOR code) made a possible to identified cause of modelling troubles Three screens prepared – one of them for both of codes used  direct comparison Working term of phenomenon identified: “loss of heat removal through shroud in hot zone” Modelling of this feature was done by changing of Zirconia fiber conductivity Improved modelling resulted in very good agreement in temperature profiles at the time of water injection onset in ICARE2 analysis In MELCOR analysis - agreement was not found, but temperature profiles were improved too  trick in shroud oxidation modelling with fixed heat transfer coefficient (COR00011 input row) ICARE2 calculation of reflooding phase results in unconvergency and timestep reduction, oscillation in swollen water level occurred MELCOR run was more stable during reflooding phase

16 J. Duspiva11th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe, Germany, October 25-27, Summary and Conclusions Application of ICARE2 code allowed to identify cause, which was not possible to identify with integral code due to its modelling simplifications, but conclusions are relevant to both of codes (new features of MELCOR1.8.6 will allow more direct validation on Quench tests) Regressive application of Zirconia fiber properties to Quench-01 analysis with ICARE2 code resulted in strong overpediction of temperatures and hydrogen production Phenomenon occurred in Quench-03 test only, not in Quench-01, so it is not possible to use the same model for analysis of both tests Final identification and description of phenomenon, which occurred in Quench-03, should be done by experimenters from FZK, only one of possible analytical approaches to model this test was presented Specificity of Quench-03 results from shroud behaviour Not objective of Quench program Unimportant for plant applications  no another analysis are needed Output from effort is available in Report UJV T (2)


Download ppt "Jiří Duspiva Nuclear Research Institute Řež, plc. Nuclear Power and Safety Division Dept. of Reactor Technology 11 th International QUENCH Workshop Karlsruhe,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google