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© Boardworks Ltd 2003 1 of 11 Non-Fiction Instructions For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. This icon indicates the slide.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2003 1 of 11 Non-Fiction Instructions For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. This icon indicates the slide."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Non-Fiction Instructions For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. This icon indicates that teacher’s notes are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that a useful web address is included in the Notes page.

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Non-fiction instructions Do you know how to give instructions? What if someone asks you for directions? Or you want to write down a recipe? Or learn how to play a game?

3 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Instructions Boil the kettle. Take a teabag and place it in a cup. Pour the boiling water into the cup. Leave for a minute. Stir the teabag and then remove it from the cup with a spoon. Next, add milk and/or sugar. Allow the tea to cool slightly before you drink it. Read these simple instructions: What do you notice about the sentences?

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Instructions tend to have short, simple sentences often address the reader directly give commands use connectives use the present tense use the active voice. Instructions:

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Diagrams and illustrations can help the reader to understand what you are writing about. For example, it’s easier to understand where to stand in the playground during a fire drill if there is a labelled diagram of the playground. Can you think of some more examples of where diagrams may be useful to illustrate instructions? Diagrams

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 The verb

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 The imperative is formed by removing to from the verb. So to run becomes run The negative is formed by adding don’t: e.g. don’t run. The imperative Use the imperative of these verbs in the instructions below: to turn, to take, to go, to walk, to cross, to follow ______ down the road until the traffic lights. ______ over. ______ the next right. ______ the road round to the left. ______ past the school and then _____ right. My house is the second on the left.

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Conventions

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Modals Modals are verbs which, when used with another, are very useful for writing instructions. Here is a list of modal verbs. Which ones do you think will be the most useful for writing instructions? can, could, may, might, shall, should, must, will, would

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Modals Imagine you are designing a leaflet giving people instructions and advice on getting fit. Use modals to create a list of ten top fitness tips. For example: You must warm up. You can perform your exercises anywhere.

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 11 Activity Look in your school library for a book which contains instructions on how to do a magic trick. (Try looking under Hobbies – about 795 in the Dewey system). Choose a simple magic trick and rewrite the instructions using some of the following: imperatives (e.g. take the deck of cards in your left hand) modals (e.g. you can allow the audience to see …) bullet points, italics, headings/subheadings diagrams. Swap instructions with a partner. If they can do the trick your instructions have worked!


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