Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk What Does Openness Mean For The Institutional Web Manager? Open Standards, Open.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk What Does Openness Mean For The Institutional Web Manager? Open Standards, Open."— Presentation transcript:

1 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk What Does Openness Mean For The Institutional Web Manager? Open Standards, Open Content and a Model For Openness Brian Kelly UKOLN University of Bath Bath UKOLN is supported by: Acceptable Use Policy Recording/broadcasting of this talk, taking photographs, discussing the content using , instant messaging, Blogs, SMS, etc. is permitted providing distractions to others is minimised. Acceptable Use Policy Recording/broadcasting of this talk, taking photographs, discussing the content using , instant messaging, Blogs, SMS, etc. is permitted providing distractions to others is minimised. This work is licensed under a Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 licence (but note caveat)

2 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 2 Contents This brief talk will cover: Open Standards Standards are great Standards don't always work  Layered approach developed by UKOLN Open Content Creative Commons Let's do it! A Model For Openness Beware the fundamentalist A risk assessment approach A user-focussed model for openness

3 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 3 Open Standards Are Great … HEI IT development / JISC's development programmes: Traditionally based on use of open standards to: Support interoperability Maximise accessibility Avoid vendor lock-in Provide architectural integrity Help ensure long-term preservation UKOLN's involvement in standards work: eLib Standards document (v1 – 1996, v2 – 1998) DNER Standards document (2001) NOF-digi Technical Standards Lots of standards development in metadata areas (e.g. Dublin Core, Collection Descrioption, …) Open Standards

4 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 4 … But Don't Always Work There's a need for flexibility: Learning the lesson from OSI networking protocols Today: Is the Web (for example) becoming over-complex  "Web service considered harmful"  The lowercase semantic web / Microformats Lighter-weight alternatives being developed Responses from the commercial world Open Standards RSS: Great lightweight standard  Well, two 'standards' with flawed governances, arguments, proprietary extensions & technical flaws But still provide valuable, user-focussed services RSS: Great lightweight standard  Well, two 'standards' with flawed governances, arguments, proprietary extensions & technical flaws But still provide valuable, user-focussed services Open Standards

5 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 5 The Context There will be a context to use of standards: The intended use:  Mainstream  Innovative / research  Key middleware component  Small-scale deliverable Organisational culture:  HE vs FE vs home …  Teaching vs Research  Service vs Development  … Available Funding & Resources:  Significant funding & training to use new standards  Minimal funding - current skills should be used … Contextual Issues An open standards culture is being developed, which is supportive of use of open standards, but which recognises the complexities and can avoid mistakes made in the past Open Standards

6 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 6 Quality Assurance External factors: institutional, cultural, legal, … The Layered Standards Model JISC JISC / project 3 rd Parties Owner Annotated Standards Catalogue PurposeGovernance MaturityRisks … Prog. nFundingResearchSector… Context: Policies ExternalSelf assessment Penalties Learning Context: Compliance JISC's layered standards model, developed by UKOLN. Note that one size doesn't always fit all Open Standards

7 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 7 Sustainability How do we Sustain, maintain & grow the standards catalogue? Develop a sustainable support infrastructure? Suggestions: More resources for support infrastructure Extend model to related areas to gain buy-in, etc Encourage participation from the wider user community (including IWMW 2006 delegates) Exploit learning gained by projects, reuse experiences, encourage sharing, etc.:  Build on QA Focus approach (briefing docs and case studies)  Contractual requirement for projects to produce end-user deliverables and deliverables related to development process Sustainability Open Standards

8 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 8 Creative Commons Creative Commons: Recognises importance of existing copyright legislation … … and build on this by allowing copyright owners to exercise their rights by allowing others to: Use, modify resources subject, if desired, to various conditions (attribution, non-commercial, …) Now has legal status in UK Open Content Creative Commons Note also Science Commons approach for open access to data

9 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 9 Using Creative Commons Creative Commons licences can be used: Blog postings, RSS feeds, Wiki pages to help clarify reuse of such resources On PowerPoint slides … Open Content Let's Free IT Support Materials! Paper by Kelly, Knight, Casey & Guy given at EUNIS 2005 conference Described business reasons for CC licences for QA Focus documents (see QA For Web handbook) to maximise impact of work & support take-up of ideas) Argued that support services should provide CC licences on their documents, training materials, etc. An opportunity for you! Creative Commons

10 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 10 Support Infrastructure How do we integrate the standards catalogue with implementation experiences, etc. Linking to related information in Wikipedia (the world can help the updating) Uploading information to Wikipedia – the wider community can help to update and maintain it Making information available with CC licences – so others can use it, update it – and hopefully give feedback on enhancements Use of syndication technologies (RSS & OPML) Sustainability Note this is a Web 2.0 approach: Uses Web 2.0 syndication technologies Trusts users and benefits from a wide user base Contributes to Web 2.0 services Note this is a Web 2.0 approach: Uses Web 2.0 syndication technologies Trusts users and benefits from a wide user base Contributes to Web 2.0 services Open Content

11 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 11 What You Can Provide! JISC & JISC Services have an openness culture to help maximise impact (and organisations such as MIT & the OU which have made their teaching resources available) You can be part of this for the HE/FE sector: You are willing to help & share (cf web-support list) You can do more:  Use a Wiki to develop & maintain communal resources (e.g. Best Practices For CMSs / VLEs / Intranets)  Write a QA Focus briefing paper or Case Study  … Why? We'll all benefit Sharing the load can make it happen 75% of audience write a 2 page case study & 25% edit, proofread, etc – we've got a great resource Sustainability Open Content

12 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 12 Web 2.0 Aspect of Web 2.0 include: Reuse of content (syndication, mashups, …) Always beta (sometimes taking a risk) Trust Standards Web services, APIs, … Web 2.0 Web 2.0 applications and openness: Google Maps, GMail, … APIs, RSS, to allow use by others Web 2.0 applications and openness: Google Maps, GMail, … APIs, RSS, to allow use by others Web 2.0 and Openness

13 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 13 Web 2.0 & Maps University of Northumberland early Google Maps adopters This provides: Overlays Zooming Annotations Personalisation (e.g. from home) Note openness isn't just about open source & standards. It's about: A mixed economy Being user-focussed Risk management …

14 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 14 Ownership Challenge Traditional View Must own (buy) our mission-critical IT services Open Source Perspective Must/should/can download open source software for our mission-critical IT services Today: Should/ provide an appropriate and sustainable environment for the outcomes of the services The World Is Changing There's a need to revisit these (old and new) orthodoxies. There are risks, but there are also benefits. Organisations are increasingly out-sourcing services (why should we invest in virus scanning software, for example). IT is often innovative, changing existing ways of working – we now need to rethink our own orthodoxies The World Is Changing There's a need to revisit these (old and new) orthodoxies. There are risks, but there are also benefits. Organisations are increasingly out-sourcing services (why should we invest in virus scanning software, for example). IT is often innovative, changing existing ways of working – we now need to rethink our own orthodoxies Ownership Challenges

15 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 15 Risk Management Concerns? I can't use open source software 'cos … But open standards sometimes don't work IPR is scary – what about the risks of Creative Commons, … Bill Gates said "Free Culture advocates = Commies". Is he right? Can I trust Wikipedia, …? What happens if Google goes out of business? Risk Management Valid questions, which need to be addressed Need for a risk assessment/management approach Valid questions, which need to be addressed Need for a risk assessment/management approach Risk Management

16 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 16 IWMW 2006 & Risk Management IWMW 2006 has taken a risk management approach to its evaluation of Web 2.0 technologies: Agreements: e.g. in the case of the Chatbot. Use of well-established services: Google & del.icio.us are well-established & financially security. Notification: warnings that services could be lost. Engagement: with the user community: users actively engage in the evaluation of the services. Provision of alternative services: multiple OMPL tools. Use in non-mission critical areas: not for bookings! Long term experiences of services: usage stats Availability of alternative sources of data: e.g. standard Web server log files. Data export and aggregation: RSS feeds, aggregated in Suprglu, OPML viewers, etc. Risk Management

17 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 17 R=AxBxCxD Prof. Charles Oppenheim's (lightweight) formula (for copyright infringements): Risk = A (probability that you're illegal) X B (probability you'll be found out) X C (probability they'll want to do something) X D (extent of financial risk) Risk Management So you're probably OK if: You're legal; they don't know what you've done; they won't bother chasing you or they won't chase you for more than £1,000 So you're probably OK if: You're legal; they don't know what you've done; they won't bother chasing you or they won't chase you for more than £1,000 Risk Management

18 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 18 R=f(A, B, C, D) Brian Kelly's adaptation to open standards & Web 2.0: Open standards risk (R os ) is a function of: Maturity of standard bodyOSI=100% (ISO) Support within communityOSI=10% (UK HE,..) Commercial take-up, competition,..OSI=1% Architectural meritOSI=1% …. Web 2.0 risk (R web2.0 ) is a function of: Maturity of service provider Risk culture within organisation & members Dangers of data/service loss Significance of loss … Approach reflected in "Matrix for Selection of Standards" and "Top Tips For Selecting Open Source Software" docs & in "Risk Assessment For Making Use Of Web 2.0 Services" Risk Management Example Risk Management Also need to consider R web2.0

19 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 19 Beware The IT Fundamentalist! We need to avoid simplistic solutions to the complexities: Open Standards Fundamentalist: we just need XML Open Source Fundamentalist: we just need Linux Vendor Fundamentalist: we must need next version of our enterprise system (and you must fit in with this) Accessibility Fundamentalist: we must do WAI WCAG Ownership Fundamentalist: must own everything we use User Fundamentalist: we must do whatever users want Legal Fundamentalist: it breaches copyright, … Perfectionist: It doesn't do everything, so we'll do nothing Simplistic Developer: I've developed a perfect solution – I don't care if it doesn't run in the real world User Focus IT Director, March 2006 "I could give names of the individuals in my department!" Risk Management

20 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 20 RANDP There's a need to recognise: Institutional cultures Departmental cultures (e.g. IT services, Marketing, Library and Academics) We also need to recognise personal perspectives (personal beliefs, prejudices, etc.) We need to ensure these are: Reasonable And Non-Discriminatory Prejudices ("No MS cos I don't like Bill Gates" is discriminatory) Reasonable And Non-Discriminatory Preferences is better An open debate about future plans isn't helped by immutable prejudices Risk Management

21 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 21 Pollard Model Computer Says No! Time to ditch this catch phrase User Focus Folksonomies? Library says no Skype? UKERNA says no Wikis? IT Services says no Folksonomies? Library says no Skype? UKERNA says no Wikis? IT Services says no Yer, but, no, but, yer Time to embrace the ambiguities & complexities acknowledged by Vicky Pollard Yer, like Wikis are well cool, but, OK so I copied my homework, but, like I always copy my homework Images from BBC Web site X Risk Management

22 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 22 User-Focussed Approach There is a need for a user-focussed approach to address the benefits & problems if openness, rather than dogma, ideology or political correctness We are 100% committed to open source / access /standards Even if it doesn't work; even if it alienates users? We strive to make use of open source / access / standards in order to provide richly functional, widely accessible & interoperable … for our broad user communities A user-focussed approach, which allows for flexibility of the open stuff doesn't work User Focussed Approach

23 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 23 Other Examples Science Commons Promote science by lowering costs of sharing scientific data Free Our Data Guardian-led campaign Your Views Absolutely – and relates to other aspects of openness Thatcherite trick to reduce public investment – OS maps will be like the trains 

24 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 24 What Openness is Not IMHO openness is not: An excuse to knock Microsoft, or the commercial company you'd like to knock Getting things for free A simplistic slogan A stepping stone to the eradication of western capitalism Openness is also: Not infallible May need changes in culture, in law, etc. in order to fufill promises

25 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 25 Why Openness? Openness: Reflects our broad educational & research goals (benefits to society, …) Reflects personal beliefs, for many Can bring benefits …..but sometime doesn't So:  Be tolerant  Take a risk assessment approach  But have an open culture Openness helped if we are providers of open resources and not simply consumers  Don't just talk openness, do it!

26 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 26 Let's Do It!! Why us? The Web management community based on trust, openness, collaboration & willingness to experiment Social networks provide exponential benefits as nos. grow (cf. the telephone) What: Contributing to Wikis Using Creative Commons licences on resources Sharing staff development resources; case studies; … Exploiting collaborative software …

27 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 27 Map-A-Campus Day? Background: Northumbria Univ. has campus map available on Google Maps Benefits if all of us did likewise (end users; sharing of best practices, code, etc.; involvement with others e.g. students) Ideas Get students (Comp Sci., Geography) with GPS devices mapping buildings, providing metadata. Engage with Google Maps API experts. Discuss best ways of doing this. etc, etc. Ideas Get students (Comp Sci., Geography) with GPS devices mapping buildings, providing metadata. Engage with Google Maps API experts. Discuss best ways of doing this. etc, etc.

28 A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk 28 Questions Any questions? Feedback Note resources cited in the talk & accompanying paper are bookmarked in del.icio.us using tag '' iwmw2006-plenary-kelly-metcalfe "


Download ppt "A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk What Does Openness Mean For The Institutional Web Manager? Open Standards, Open."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google