Presentation on theme: "www.zlinskedumy.cz ŠkolaStřední průmyslová škola Zlín Název projektu, reg. č.Inovace výuky prostřednictvím ICT v SPŠ Zlín, CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0333 Vzdělávací."— Presentation transcript:
ŠkolaStřední průmyslová škola Zlín Název projektu, reg. č.Inovace výuky prostřednictvím ICT v SPŠ Zlín, CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Vzdělávací oblastJazykové vzdělání a komunikace Vzdělávací oborAnglický jazyk Tematický okruhOslavy TémaOslavy Tematická oblastOslavy NázevHalloween AutorMgr. Jitka Javorová Vytvořeno, pro obor, ročníkBřezen 2013, stavebnictví, 1. ročník AnotacePrezentace – Halloween Přínos/cílové kompetenceRozšíření učiva učebnice Opportunities, M 5, Celebration VY_32_INOVACE_16_19
WHAT IS IT? Halloween is a holiday in many English speaking countries that is celebrated on the night of October 31st. People sometimes dress up as ghosts, witches, goblins and other scary things for Halloween.
Typical festive Halloween activities include trick-or-treating (also known as "guising"), attending costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o'- lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, visiting haunted attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.trick-or-treatingguisingcostumepartiespumpkinsjack-o'- lanternsbonfiresapple bobbinghaunted attractionsprankshorror films WHAT ARE TYPICAL HALLOWEEN ACTIVITIES?
WHERE DOES THE NAME COME FROM? The current Halloween holiday comes from an old Celtic celebration called All Hallows Eve (translated to All Saints Day). During the festival they would bless and convert Pagans. We call it "Halloween" because "Hallow" means saints, and "-een" (originally e'en) means Evening. All Hallows Eve.
WHAT IS THE SYMBOL OF THE HOLIDAY?
A JACK-O'-LANTERN, ONE OF THE SYMBOLS OF HALLOWEENJACK-O'-LANTERN Turnip lanterns, sometimes with faces carved into them, were made on Samhain in the 19th century in parts of Ireland and the Scottish Highlands. As well as being used to light one's way while outside on Samhain night, they may also have been used to represent the spirits/fairies and/or to protect oneself and one's home from them. Another legend is that a trickster named Jack decided one day to trick the Devil. He trapped the Devil in a pumpkin and paraded him around town. Eventually, Jack let the Devil out and the Devil put a curse on Jack and forever made him a spirit in hell. On Halloween, Jack is released to terrorize the country all night. To protect themselves, the Irish would place a pumpkin with a face outside to scare Jack into believing it was the Devil. However, a Christian origin has also been proposed.
Snap-Apple Night (1832) by Daniel Maclise depicts apple bobbing and divination games at a Halloween party in Blarney, Ireland.Daniel Macliseapple bobbingdivinationBlarneyIreland
APPLE BOBBING Apples float in a tub or a large basin of water and the participants must use their teeth to remove an apple from the basin. We even bob for apples simply to honor a fruit god that the Celtics honored.
Children wear costumes and they go to peoples' homes saying "Trick or treat!" to ask for candy, sweets in the United Kingdom, or lollies in Australia, and then people give it to them. This practice originally involved a threat.costumesTricktreatcandysweetsUnited KingdomlolliesAustralia A threat is when someone says that they will do something bad if they do not get what they want. In this case the threat could be explained as: "Give me a treat or I will play a trick on you.„ Children today usually do not play tricks if they do not get treats. However, some children still get up to mischief (pranks or things to make fun of people; like putting toilet paper in trees; writing on windows with soap or throwing eggs at peoples' houses).mischiefsoap People sometimes dress up as ghosts, witches, goblins and other scary things for Halloween.ghostswitchesgoblins We dress up honoring the Celtics, who would wear masks to scare away evil spirits and prevent demons from identifying them as humans.
Trick-or-treaters. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, "Trick or treat?„candy The word "trick" refers to "threat" to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given
TRADITION The tradition of going from door to door receiving food already existed in Great Britain and Ireland in the form of "souling", where children and poor people would sing and say prayers for the dead in return for cakessouling A soul cake is a small round cake which is traditionally made for All Saints Day or All Souls' Day to celebrate the dead.  The cakes, often simply referred to as souls, were given out to soulers (mainly consisting of children and the poor)cakeAll Saints DayAll Souls' Day  Each cake eaten would represent a soul being freed from Purgatory.Purgatory
The 1891 song contains the following lyrics: A soul! a soul! a soul-cake! Please good Missis, a soul-cake! An apple, a pear, a plum, or a cherry, Any good thing to make us all merry. One for Peter, two for Paul Three for Him who made us all.
DIVINATION A traditional Scottish form of divining one's future spouse is to carve an apple in one long strip, then toss the peel over one's shoulder. The peel is believed to land in the shape of the first letter of the future spouse's name. Unmarried women were told that if they sat in a darkened room and gazed into a mirror on Halloween night, the face of their future husband would appear in the mirror. However, if they were destined to die before marriage, a skull would appear.skull
WHAT IS HAPPENNING IN THE PICTURE? In this Halloween greeting card from 1904, divination is depicted: the young woman looking into a mirror in a darkened room hopes to catch a glimpse of the face of her future husband.
Inflatable jack-o'-lanterns Various traditions of singing, lighting candles, and rituals to ward off evil spirits or put the dead at peace evolved in several different cultures.
VISITING HAUNTED ATTRACTIONS an example of a haunted attraction.
WHAT ARE CHILDREN GIVEN?
A candy apples are common Halloween treats made by rolling whole apples in a sticky sugar syrup, sometimes followed by rolling them in nuts
A candy pumpkin is a small, pumpkin-shaped, mellowcreme confection primarily made from corn syrup, honey, wax, and sugar.pumpkinconfectioncorn syrup
Candy corn is a confection in the United States and Canada, popular primarily around HalloweenconfectionUnited States Canada Halloween Candy corn is made primarily from sugar, corn syrup, wax, artificial coloring and binders.sugar corn syrup ] ] A serving of Brach's Candy Corn consists of nineteen pieces, and contains 140 calories and zero grams of fatBrach's
1. NOVEMBER Many Christian believers visit graveyards in order to place flowers and candles on the graves of their loved onces.graveyards