# Basketball and Gravity Objective: Students will apply what they have learned about gravity and free falling objects to the sport of basketball.

## Presentation on theme: "Basketball and Gravity Objective: Students will apply what they have learned about gravity and free falling objects to the sport of basketball."— Presentation transcript:

Basketball and Gravity Objective: Students will apply what they have learned about gravity and free falling objects to the sport of basketball.

What is Gravity??? Force that exists between any two objects that have mass. Gravity is the pulling force (pulling towards the center of the Earth or the force pulling objects together).

Gravity and Basketball Where do you aim a basketball when taking a free throw? Do you aim toward the rim, the backboard, or the basket? Toward the basketball or the backboard

Activity You will work in groups of 4 You will work in groups of 4 Your group will work on steps 1 and 2 of the activity sheet. Your group will work on steps 1 and 2 of the activity sheet. Group # is identified by the index card on your desk. Group # is identified by the index card on your desk. Every member needs to participate in the activity. Every member needs to participate in the activity. Read over Steps 1 and 2 Read over Steps 1 and 2 10 – 15 minutes will be given for this activity. 10 – 15 minutes will be given for this activity.

What does the path of the ball look like?

What causes the ball to fall? GRAVITY

Free Throw When you shoot a free throw the path of the ball is an arc. Gravity causes the ball to fall as it travels. Parabola is the term used for the arc created by the act of gravity on the basketball.

Activity Continue with step #3 Continue with step #3 Students should throw until each member of the team has made a basket directly and as a banked shot. Students should throw until each member of the team has made a basket directly and as a banked shot. 10 – 15 minutes will be given for this activity. 10 – 15 minutes will be given for this activity.

Space Basketball What would be different in playing basketball in space? What would be different in playing basketball in space? Astronauts would not be able to make shots that require arcs. Astronauts would not be able to make shots that require arcs. Arcs are impossible in space because of the free fall environment. Arcs are impossible in space because of the free fall environment.

Free Fall What is this????? Free fall is motion with no acceleration other than that provided by gravity. Free fall is motion with no acceleration other than that provided by gravity. Free fall is experienced in space or on the shuttle. Free fall is experienced in space or on the shuttle.

Space Background Astronauts in the space shuttle are seen “floating” about with no floor to stand on. Astronauts in the space shuttle are seen “floating” about with no floor to stand on. The same gravity force that keeps you in your chair also keeps the astronauts, and the Moon, in orbit. The same gravity force that keeps you in your chair also keeps the astronauts, and the Moon, in orbit. If Earth’s gravity were turned off, orbiting astronauts, and everything else held by Earth, would fly off into interplanetary space. If Earth’s gravity were turned off, orbiting astronauts, and everything else held by Earth, would fly off into interplanetary space.

Why do objects float in space? The shuttle is falling toward Earth just as you would be if your chair suddenly broke. The shuttle is falling toward Earth just as you would be if your chair suddenly broke. The shuttle is traveling so fast that Earth curves away from it as it falls. The shuttle is traveling so fast that Earth curves away from it as it falls. Floating is due to falling in space…….8 km/sec or 5 miles/sec Floating is due to falling in space…….8 km/sec or 5 miles/sec

Step 4 Now imagine playing basketball while circling Earth in the space shuttle. The spacecraft and the astronauts are falling around Earth at the same rate. As a result, everything inside the shuttle seems to float. Now imagine playing basketball while circling Earth in the space shuttle. The spacecraft and the astronauts are falling around Earth at the same rate. As a result, everything inside the shuttle seems to float. Predict: Could an astronaut make a banked shot in space? Predict: Could an astronaut make a banked shot in space? Could an astronaut toss the ball directly into the hoop? Could an astronaut toss the ball directly into the hoop? What kind of trick shots could an astronaut make? What kind of trick shots could an astronaut make?

Homework Find one example in your daily lives in which you use the arc of a falling object to complete the task…… Find one example in your daily lives in which you use the arc of a falling object to complete the task……