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COMM 1010 By: Heather Harmon Priya Rudelich Justin Weiss.

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Presentation on theme: "COMM 1010 By: Heather Harmon Priya Rudelich Justin Weiss."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMM 1010 By: Heather Harmon Priya Rudelich Justin Weiss

2 Candy or Dressing Up???

3 Trick-Or-Treating from olden days to modern day. From all across the world.

4  Souling  The act of children and poor people would sing and say prayers for the dead in return for cakes.  They would go out on Hallowmas (November 1) and the prayers were for All Souls Day (November 2)  Some practices for the dead were found as far south as Italy. Soul Cakes

5  “dookin” for apples” – remove an apple from a basin of water with either a fork in your mouth or biting it.  “neep lanterns” – made by scooping out a turnip and cutting through the skin to create eyes, nose, and mouth.

6  The Christian festival of All Hallows (Saints) day on November 1 st was set to coincide with the last day of the year in the old Celtic calendar of October 31 st.  It was regarded as the feast of the dead.  It included ritual fires to ensure that the sun would rise the following spring.  There is still a lingering belief that children born on Halloween have supernatural powers.  Guising – Children disguised in costumes going from door to door for food and coins.

7  st reference in North America to ritual begging on Halloween occurred when a newspaper reported seeing children guising from 6 to 7 pm on Halloween, they were rewarded with small treats for their rhymes and songs.  1927 – Earliest known print of the term trick-or- treat in Alberta, Canada.  1920s & 1930s – Halloween postcards are produced with no depiction of trick or treating.  1930s – Trick or treating becomes a widespread tradition, but still not accepted by all.  First use of trick-or-treating in a national publication.

8  1946 – The Jack Benny Show.  1947 – Jack and Jill, children’s magazine.  1948 – The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.  Peanuts comic strip.  1952 – Walt Disney cartoon called Trick or Treat.

9  Sweden – Children dress up as witches on the Thursday before Easter.  Denmark – Children dress up in various attires on Fastelavn (Shrove Monday).  Norway – Children go trick-or-treating between Christmas and New Years Eve.  Finland - Easter witch tradition is done on Palm Sunday.  Germany & Austria - Children go door to door on Nov 11 th with home made beet lanterns or with paper lanterns singing songs in return for treats.  Northern Germany and Southern Denmark – Children dress up in costumes and go trick-or- treating on New Year’s Eve for “Rummelpott.”

10  North America has adopted all of these traditions and has made trick or treating what it is today in the modern world.  What we call trick-or-treating has had many names: souling to guising to begging.  Who would have thought that a simple gesture of dressing up and asking for candy has taken many years to become what it is today?

11  The huge fires atop the "sacred" hilltops in which the Druids sacrificed animals and humans derived their name from the skeletons of those who died in them.  The words "bone" and "fire" formed the word "bonfire." The orange flames lit up the black night, thus the "official" colors of Halloween.  These pagan worshipers danced around and jumped through the fire, they wore disguises of animal-head masks and animal-skin costumes.

12  The 1930s to 1950s trick or treating was seen by adults as a form of extortion, resulting in anger and violence.  It was children who were teaching the adults about the holiday not the other way around.  2008 Halloween candy, costumes, and other related products accounted for 5.77 billion in revenue.  In Canada children say “Halloween apples” instead of trick-or-treat.

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15 When witches go riding, and black cats are seen, the moon laughs and whispers, ‘tis near Halloween. (Author Unknown, quotegarden.com)

16  A burning a candle inside a jack-o-lantern on Halloween keeps evil spirits and demons at bay.  If a bat flies around a house three times, it is considered to be a death omen.  A person born on Halloween can both see and talk to spirits.  You should walk around your home three times backwards and counterclockwise before sunset on Halloween to ward off evil spirits.  Gazing into a flame of a candle on Halloween night will enable you to peer into the future.

17  ng: Wikipedia, 16 November  now_halloween.htm: 27 November  ml : Quotegarden.com, 25 October  lifebushido.wikispaces.com : Steve Kantor,  abasketcase.com : A Basket Case, 27 November  superstitions.htm, 4 December 2010.


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