COMM 1010 By: Heather Harmon Priya Rudelich Justin Weiss
Candy or Dressing Up???
Trick-Or-Treating from olden days to modern day. From all across the world.
Souling The act of children and poor people would sing and say prayers for the dead in return for cakes. They would go out on Hallowmas (November 1) and the prayers were for All Souls Day (November 2) Some practices for the dead were found as far south as Italy. Soul Cakes
“dookin” for apples” – remove an apple from a basin of water with either a fork in your mouth or biting it. “neep lanterns” – made by scooping out a turnip and cutting through the skin to create eyes, nose, and mouth.
The Christian festival of All Hallows (Saints) day on November 1 st was set to coincide with the last day of the year in the old Celtic calendar of October 31 st. It was regarded as the feast of the dead. It included ritual fires to ensure that the sun would rise the following spring. There is still a lingering belief that children born on Halloween have supernatural powers. Guising – Children disguised in costumes going from door to door for food and coins.
st reference in North America to ritual begging on Halloween occurred when a newspaper reported seeing children guising from 6 to 7 pm on Halloween, they were rewarded with small treats for their rhymes and songs. 1927 – Earliest known print of the term trick-or- treat in Alberta, Canada. 1920s & 1930s – Halloween postcards are produced with no depiction of trick or treating. 1930s – Trick or treating becomes a widespread tradition, but still not accepted by all. First use of trick-or-treating in a national publication.
1946 – The Jack Benny Show. 1947 – Jack and Jill, children’s magazine. 1948 – The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. Peanuts comic strip. 1952 – Walt Disney cartoon called Trick or Treat.
Sweden – Children dress up as witches on the Thursday before Easter. Denmark – Children dress up in various attires on Fastelavn (Shrove Monday). Norway – Children go trick-or-treating between Christmas and New Years Eve. Finland - Easter witch tradition is done on Palm Sunday. Germany & Austria - Children go door to door on Nov 11 th with home made beet lanterns or with paper lanterns singing songs in return for treats. Northern Germany and Southern Denmark – Children dress up in costumes and go trick-or- treating on New Year’s Eve for “Rummelpott.”
North America has adopted all of these traditions and has made trick or treating what it is today in the modern world. What we call trick-or-treating has had many names: souling to guising to begging. Who would have thought that a simple gesture of dressing up and asking for candy has taken many years to become what it is today?
The huge fires atop the "sacred" hilltops in which the Druids sacrificed animals and humans derived their name from the skeletons of those who died in them. The words "bone" and "fire" formed the word "bonfire." The orange flames lit up the black night, thus the "official" colors of Halloween. These pagan worshipers danced around and jumped through the fire, they wore disguises of animal-head masks and animal-skin costumes.
The 1930s to 1950s trick or treating was seen by adults as a form of extortion, resulting in anger and violence. It was children who were teaching the adults about the holiday not the other way around. 2008 Halloween candy, costumes, and other related products accounted for 5.77 billion in revenue. In Canada children say “Halloween apples” instead of trick-or-treat.
When witches go riding, and black cats are seen, the moon laughs and whispers, ‘tis near Halloween. (Author Unknown, quotegarden.com)
A burning a candle inside a jack-o-lantern on Halloween keeps evil spirits and demons at bay. If a bat flies around a house three times, it is considered to be a death omen. A person born on Halloween can both see and talk to spirits. You should walk around your home three times backwards and counterclockwise before sunset on Halloween to ward off evil spirits. Gazing into a flame of a candle on Halloween night will enable you to peer into the future.
ng: Wikipedia, 16 November now_halloween.htm: 27 November ml : Quotegarden.com, 25 October lifebushido.wikispaces.com : Steve Kantor, abasketcase.com : A Basket Case, 27 November superstitions.htm, 4 December 2010.